Philmont Scout Ranch camps

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"Clark's Fork" redirects here. For the location in Wyoming, see Clarks Fork Yellowstone River. For other uses, see Clark Fork (disambiguation).
Philmont Scout Ranch
Philmont Scout Ranch arrowhead.png
Owner Boy Scouts of America
Location Cimarron, New Mexico
Country United States
Founded 1938
Founder Waite Phillips
Scouting portal

Philmont Scout Ranch camps are a group of backpacking camps located in Philmont Scout Ranch, a large property in Colfax County near Cimarron, New Mexico, owned by the Boy Scouts of America and used as a backpacking reservation.[1] Philmont operates from one large Base Camp which includes camping headquarters, the Philmont Training Center and Villa Philmonte, the Seton Museum, fire response facilities, cattle headquarters, and an administration area.[2] As of 2014, there were 76 trail camps and 35 staffed camps. Philmont's camps are generally set no more than a couple of miles apart. Old camps are closed or relocated and new camps are opened every few years. Some camp sites are closed due to changing safety protocols. For example, camps were once located on top of Urraca Mesa and in the Baldy Saddle but these are unlikely to reopen because the locations are at risk for lightning strikes.

Base Camp[edit]

Base Camp is the center of all Philmont administration, ingress, and egress. Most of its area is occupied by Camping Headquarters; ancillary facilities include the Seton Museum (devoted to Ernest Thompson Seton's Woodcraft Indians and other works), the Philmont Training Center and Villa Philmonte, the fire response facilities, the cattle headquarters, and the administration area.[2] Its population exceeds that of Cimarron on most nights of the summer, according to the hiker's pamphlet. Mark Anderson is the current head of programs.[3]

A Scout throws his boots over the Philmont entrance sign at Base Camp, a famous tradition.

The Welcome Center is a large pavilion, which serves as a waiting area for crews arriving or departing from the ranch as well as crews leaving or returning on a trek. The Welcome Center's small office offers check-in instructions and general information. The Camp Administration and Logistical Services manage registration and orchestrate all the ranch's operations.

There are two dining halls, one for campers and one for staff. Services is a large L-shaped building whose facilities include rental and return of gear and issuance of trail food, lockers, in which crews may store gear they do not want to take on the trail, and a post office, which handles mail for staff and crew members.

The Health Lodge has health officers that communicate with backcountry staff by radio and can dispatch vehicles to retrieve people if necessary. Tooth of Time Traders sells camping and backpacking gear as well as souvenirs. The Snack Bar is in the same building at the trading post and sells snack foods, ice cream, and beverages.

There are four chapels: Catholic, Protestant, Jewish, and Latter-day Saints. Each chapel holds services every evening for incoming and some outgoing crews.

There are three tent cities: Trailbound, Homebound, and Staff. Each contains several shower houses. The staff tent city's capacity is roughly 900, though it is rarely full; Trailbound and Homebound each hold between 400 and 500 trekkers.

Staffed camps[edit]

Scouts spar-pole climbing at Pueblano.

There are 34 staffed camps at Philmont, where staff members reside during the summer to run the camp's "program", which consists of a wide variety of activities. Camps often carry a historical or modern theme, such as logging (Crater Lake and Pueblano), mining or blacksmithing (French Henry, Cypher's Mine, and Black Mountain), fur trapping and mountain man life (Miranda, Clear Creek), challenge events (Dan Beard, Head of Dean, and Urraca) or western lore (Beaubien, Clark's Fork, or Ponil). The program in a camp is run by staff known as Program Counselors. These Program Counselors are supervised by a Camp Director.

Specific program activities include black-powder rifle loading and shooting, shotgun shooting and reloading, .30-06 shooting, trail rides on horseback, burro packing and racing, rock climbing (on artificial towers as well as actual rock faces at Miner's Park, Cimarroncito and Dean Cow), tomahawk throwing, branding, search and rescue training, mountain bicycling, Mexican homesteading, blacksmithing, goldpanning, obstacle courses, archeological sites, spar pole climbing, and a variety of campfires and evening programs.

Most staffed camps contain several campsites of the same sort which appear in trail camps (with the exception of French Henry); however, the primary distinguishing factor is the presence of one or several cabins. There is always a main cabin, where an arriving crew is given a "porch talk" by one of the staff members. This includes information about available program, location of trash receptacles, and other timely information such as the presence of "problem bears." Camps in the Valle Vidal (Seally Canyon, Ring Place and Whitman Vega) have yurts, large circular semi-permanent tents which allow for bear defense but may be removed in the off-season in the interest of leave no trace camping, rather than cabins.

Most staffed camps have a swap box—a box in which crews may place unwanted food and take anything they might desire. Predictably, swap boxes tend to fill up with foods that people tend not to like, get too much of, or food no one wants to carry.

With several exceptions, staffed camps accept garbage (not trash), send and receive mail, and offer purified water. The exceptions are those camps which have no road access or where the camps receive their supply shipments by burro. All staffed camps also contain radios, by which staff members can communicate with Logistical Services, the Health Lodge, or each other. The radio is used for all manner of communication, including notifications of the movements of the ranch's various vehicles, logistical inquiries between camps and Base, major and minor medical issues, and a nightly itinerary read-out which often includes world news and a weather forecast. The ranch's non-stationary staff are assigned unit numbers, by which they identify themselves on the radio. The ranch also employs a variety of esoteric radio ten-codes for rapid communication.

Current staffed camps[edit]

A Mexican homestead beloved for its Cantina, which serves snacks and root beer. Its other program includes a Mexican dinner, goat-milking, and other farm-related activities and maintenance. It is set in the year 1912. Elevation: 7,240 ft (2,210 m).; location: South Country; water: purified from spigot; facilities: showers, latrines.
Apache Springs
Located in the far southwest corner of the ranch, Apache Springs sits on the edge of a large alpine meadow. While not an interpretive history camp (staff are not dressed in period clothing) the program relates the history and culture of the Jicarilla Apache who inhabited the region up until the mid 19th century. The camp features a small "village" of teepees where talks are given on the history and lifestyle of the Jicarilla as well as the opportunity to handle genuine artifacts. Scouts also have the opportunity to make real arrowheads and experience a "sweat lodge". Elevation: 9,400 ft (2,900 m).; location: South Country, 36°23′16″N 105°08′36″W / 36.38778°N 105.14333°W / 36.38778; -105.14333
Baldy Town
Baldy Town, at the base of Mount Baldy in Colfax County, New Mexico, was a prominent town in Old West culture and folklore, serving as the base for gold mining operations on the mountain before mining in the area ceased and the town was completely abandoned. Among the ruins of the town, at an elevation of 10,000 feet (3,000 m), Philmont now runs a staffed camp and commissary, which includes a trading post and showers. Its programs include a history of the town and climbing Baldy Mountain, which is the highest on the ranch at an elevation of 12,441 feet (3,792 m).
The land around Baldy Town and Mount Baldy was purchased in 1963 by Norton Clapp, vice-president of the National Council of the Boy Scouts of America. The purchase added 10,098 acres (40.87 km2) to Philmont Scout Ranch.
Located at the northerly end of picturesque Bonita Canyon, Beaubien is largely considered the hub of the South Country. Virtually all treks that route through the South Country come here. Some treks spend a "layover" here, i.e. they stay here for two nights allowing for a little R&R during their trek. The program features the life of the cowboy, both historical and modern, with horseback rides, branding, a chuckwagon dinner prepared (partially) by the staff, and a western campfire. Many campers choose to brand their hiking boots, belts, and other brandable articles with either the Slash Crazy S and/or the Bar P Crazy S brands of Philmont. Beaubien is named in honor of Carlos Beaubien who, along with Guadalupe Miranda, owned the original Mexican land grant of which Philmont is now a part. Beaubien is Philmont's largest camp, with 34 campsites.
Black Mountain
Black Mountain Camp
A log cabin assumed to be constructed in 1895 as part of a hydraulic mining operation sits next to the blacksmithing forge, campfire ring, and rifle range. Crews who come here take a step back in time in a way that few other interpretive history camps at Philmont are able to do. The program is a hybrid of homesteading, mining, and early western settlement, set in reconstruction era America. Staff portray the roles of civil war veterans who have come west to carve out new lives, work for the Cimarron Indian Agency, and perhaps begin a settlement. Black-powder shooting skills and blacksmithing are taught in a manner where participants can appreciate the range of skills that were necessary to settle the West. Because this camp is inaccessible to vehicles, the staff must bring provisions in and garbage out of camp on foot. For this reason, the staff do not accept garbage from crews. The camp is located along the North Fork Urraca Creek at the southwesterly base of Black Mountain, one of the more prominent peaks on the ranch. Latrines are back-to-back and sit in the open.

Elevation = 9,040'; 36°26.58′N 105°05.50′W / 36.44300°N 105.09167°W / 36.44300; -105.09167; water: stream, must be treated

Carson Meadows
Opened in the summer of 2004, Carson Meadows was converted to a staff camp during the summer of 2005 it is the southernmost camp on the Ranch. Located above the Rayado Canyon to the south, it is a short hike from Abreu, turning south at the Old Abreu trail camp. Carson Meadows is situated on, as the name implies, a gorgeous meadow surrounded by thick woods. From the gorgeous cabin one has a spectacular view of the Tooth of Time, framed by Fowler Mesa to the west and Urraca Mesa to the east. Carson's program is search and rescue.
The hub of the Central Country, this camp provides rock climbing and an excellent conservation site. Its conservation staff have been working to restore the meadow to its former state in order to improve the water table for the village of Cimarron. The camp also features chapel services.
Clark's Fork
Clark's Fork Patch
A western program camp set in the year 1950, with horseback rides, branding, chuckwagon dinners and a western campfire. A very busy camp and typically gets extremely crowded with crews moving in both directions. The camp also contains a steer-roping practice area and two sets of horseshoe pits
Due to its proximity to Philmont's base camp and its function as a funnel for crews finishing their treks via the Tooth of Time, Clark's is a large and busy camp. For dinner, Scouts and leaders are served a "chuckwagon" beef stew, a signature of Philmont. Many crews take trail rides on the camps horses. Rides can be reserved in advance by crew leaders.
Clark's Fork is an excellent place to get belts, boots and other gear branded with the Philmont horse brand or cattle brand.
Sites: 21; elevation: 7,530'; 36°28′07″N 105°02′54″W / 36.46861°N 105.04833°W / 36.46861; -105.04833 (Clark's Fork Camp); water: in-camp spigots; facilities: showers; program: Western Lore, Horse Rides, Chuckwagon Dinner.
Clear Creek
This camp features the history of the fur trade prior to 1840. Program includes loading and shooting muzzleloading black-powder rifles, a demonstration of beaver trapping techniques, tomahawk throwing, and a talk on the history of the North American fur trade and examination of artifacts in the "trappers cabin". Evening activities consist of the telling of "yarns", or folklore tales from the days of the fur trade. At approximately 10,200 feet (3,100 m), Clear Creek is the highest staffed camp on the ranch. Cold, wet weather (even snow) is not uncommon during the summer months at this elevation. Clear Creek is located near the headwaters of the Rayado River and is named after the original name of Mt. Phillips, Clear Creek Mountain. The actual Clear Creek flows off of the north side of Mt. Phillips within the Cimarron Canyon Wildlife Area.
Crater Lake
This camp sits on a large incline above 8000 ft on the eastern slopes of Fowler Pass between Fowler Mesa and Trail Peak. The theme of the camp is early 20th century logging, and staff portray the Continental Tie and Lumber Company, which actually operated to the north in the Ponil Canyons. Activities include spar pole climbing and hand-hewn railroad tie construction. The staff also hosts a campfire with a magnificent view of the Tooth of Time. The lake more closely resembles a pond and is not actually located in a crater. It was formed by a rock slide from the slopes of Fowler Mesa which created a natural bowl fed by a spring.
Crooked Creek
One of the more primitive staffed camps, Crooked Creek is similar to Black Mountain in that it is not accessible by vehicle. The camp is located on the edge of a large, high meadow and features programs related to the life of the homesteader. An early staffed camp many years ago, Crooked Creek was a trail camp until 1990, when it was decided that homesteading would be a good addition to Philmont's interpretive history camps. In 1990, Crooked Creek was among the first camps (along with Cimmaroncito and Abreu) in Philmont's history to feature a coed staff. Like many other of Philmont's interpretive history camps, the staff live as primitively as the life they portray. Gardening, candle making, livestock care, woodworking skills, and lively games of "mountain bowling" are some of the activities presented here.
Cypher's Mine
This camp is located along the upper reaches of the North Fork Cimarroncito River. The program revolves around gold and other "hard rock" mining that historically occurred in the area. Program activities are highlighted by a tour of the Contention mine. Another larger mine known as the Thunder exists just south of the camp as do smaller mines such as the Garst, the Gloria, and the Anaconda, but they are not the subject of any program activities. Other program activities include blacksmithing and goldpanning. The camp is named in honor of Charles Cypher, an early miner in the area. Cypher's Mine is the only camp on the ranch where crews do not pitch tents at their campsites. Due to the narrow, rocky canyon in which the camp is located, campsites contain three-walled roofed structures officially referred to as "adirondacks", but the local camp vernacular for them is "shacks". A variety of original structures and artifacts from the mining days of the late 19th century are featured at this camp. Cypher's Mine features an evening program called a "Stomp" inside one of the old structures, modeled after the evening revelry of miners.
Dan Beard
Elevation: 7,990 ft (2,440 m).; location 36°40′42″N 105°05′15″W / 36.67833°N 105.08750°W / 36.67833; -105.08750. Located in the burn, Dan Beard is a home to a challenge course, a program designed to teach teamwork and critical thinking skills within a group. In 2006, Dan Beard received a new challenge course wall and new campsites to compensate for those lost in the Ponil complex fire. Three sites are located a short hike up a hill in the canyon, while the rest of the camp sites are nestled in the hills behind the challenge course. During the summer 2011 season, the Dan Beard staff also included a nightly yoga program.
Dean Cow
Located just outside the burn area (from the Ponil Complex Fire), this camp offers arguably the most difficult participant rock climbing on the ranch. Other activities include rappelling as well as a traverse wall for use in the evening hours. The cabin offers the famous "porch challenge," a series of climbing holds, ropes, and crimps across the porch. Those who complete the porch challenge usually receive a small prize, such as a pudding cup. Dean Cow's other popular "activity" is its heated showers available to participants. Staff at Dean Cow often spend down time climbing the canyon's multiple, challenging walls. From 1990 to 2009, Dean Cow offered a climbing wall for use during evening hours. For Summer 2010, the climbing wall was replaced with a traverse wall. As of August 2010, the old climbing wall still stands, but with the hand-holds removed. The staff will offer a small prize (usually a food item) to a camper who completes the traverse wall.
Fish Camp
Formerly known as Rayado Lodge, Fish Camp is the site of the three original hunting and fishing lodge of Waite Phillips, located in the South Country. The camp is first person interpretive, and program includes lodge tours, fly tying, and fly fishing. Fish Camp is notable as one of Waite Phillips's "favorite spots on the Ranch," according to son Chope who visits every year.
French Henry
Located in a deep, narrow canyon just below Baldy Mountain, French Henry features programs revolving around the rich mining history of the Baldy Country. Gold panning, blacksmithing, and a tour of a small portion of the massive Aztec mine are featured here. The mine tour is in an access drift within the Ponil Level 2 of the Aztec Mine, which at its height, contained over 30 miles (48 km) of tunnels and other workings. The main part of this camp contains the foundations of an old ore mill. Waste from this mill results in the only place on Philmont where crews can consistently find actual gold in their pans. The staff lives in original structures built in 1930s. The camp is named in honor of Henry Buruel, a Frenchman who mined in the area as early as 1869. Stories of his untimely death in neighboring Baldy Town have led to numerous legends of his haunting of this camp. This is the only non-commissary camp with no overnight campers due to the lack of flat areas for campsites. Elevation: 9,650 ft (2,940 m).; location: North Country, 36°38′10″N 105°11′00″W / 36.63611°N 105.18333°W / 36.63611; -105.18333.
Harlan is the place for 12-gauge shotgun shooting (shooting clay pigeons), and burro racing; a popular Harlan sport in which each crew races their burro around certain obstacles in attempt to beat the other crews' burros.
Head of Dean
This North Country camp is home to a magnificent view of the Rockies in back of the staff cabin, as well as a basketball court, many hummingbirds, a weather station, a turkey family, and team-building challenge events. These are challenges such as getting an entire crew up a sheer 12-foot (3.7 m) wall.
Hunting Lodge
Centered on the well-maintained cabin built by Waite Phillips for his many hunting excursions, the Hunting Lodge is located in a busy area of the ranch's central country, and serves as a hub for vehicles and for trekkers passing between Cypher's Mine, Clark's Fork and Cimarroncito. It also serves as a major attraction for the youth participants of the Philmont Training Center. Program includes a tour of Phillips' cabin and evening stories told by the fireplace.
Indian Writings
Indian Writings hosts many petroglyphs on the large rock faces around the camp. Also there are a few excavation sites and archaeological digs corresponding to these ancient writings, each with their own stories. Campers usually take the hour to an hour and a half tour of the easy-to-reach writings and excavation sites. Both new and exiting scouts are found here, as it is located close to 6-Mile Gate turnaround.
Metcalf Station
Philmont's newest staff camp, opening in 2014, Metcalf will bring railroading to the Philmont program. Located approximately halfway between Indian Writings and Dan Beard, the program will include railroading, morse code, blacksmithing, and an evening campfire.
Miners Park
This South Country camp is noted for its rock climbing and traverse wall. The camp is built around a large meadow, in which mountain lions may appear to hunt mule deer and other such prey. The program area is arguably the farthest on the ranch from the actual campsites, typically a 30-minute hike up to the rock formation known as "Betty's Bra." In the evening it is possible to hear Crater Lake staff and campers yell to the "hippie climbers" of Miners Park during their campfire program.
This North/Baldy Country camp is home to a large meadow with a black-powder rifle range along with a throwing tomahawk range. The staff portray a mountain man/fur-trappers rendezvous, and display various trappers and traders wares in the teepees in the meadow. Miranda is noted for its evening activity, Mountain Ball, a variant of baseball with five bases and two teams in the field at any one time. After Mountain Ball, it is tradition for all participants to yell "We are the finest Mountain Ball players in all the land! Bring us your finest meats and cheeses!" towards Head of Dean camp. As it is uncommon for crews to beat the staff in Mountain Ball, crews that do defeat the staff become honorary members of the AKC, a legendary crew who first beat the staff in an epic game, winning 21-2-0. As of July 2006, the camp is suffering from bear problems.
The former base camp for the Philturn Rocky Mountain Scout Camp, Ponil not only has a commissary but also contains a trading post. Ponil provides camping and a Western Lore program. Western lore program includes: A cantina, cantina show, chuckwagon dinner and breakfast, lassoing, branding, and horse shoes. The Cowboy Action Shooting program began in 2012. This program involves shooting single-action .38-caliber Colt replica revolvers at reactive metal targets. Crews can also learn from the wrangler staff how to pack burros at Ponil, and then take them along to their next camp. There is a fifty pound weight limit for how much the burros can carry, which typically is equal to three days of trail meals. Many crews also take horseback/dude rides here, in which the wrangler staff take you on a scenic view of the forest and surrounding area. Ponil is also the starting and ending location for many North Country Cavalcades, where instead of backpacking for 10 days, a crew can ride horses from camp to camp along a set itinerary. Elevation: 7,050 ft (2,150 m).; location: North Country, 36°37′56″N 105°00′07″W / 36.63222°N 105.00194°W / 36.63222; -105.00194
Phillips Junction
Phillips Junction (PJ) is the main commissary of the South Country. Opened in 1974 after the commissary was moved from Beaubien, the camp features the commissary, a well stocked trading post, showers, latrines, and purified water. There are fresh apples, pears, and oranges available for campers. PJ is one of three staff camps (Ute Gulch and French Henry being the others) that do not host overnight campers. Located in a valley below Beaubien, PJ is known to have the worst radio reception at Philmont. Elevation 8,840.
Set in 1914 as a logging camp of the Continental Tie and Lumber Company, Pueblano immerses scouts in the ways of the lumberjack. Their program offers scouts the opportunity to spar-pole climb, as well as teach them how to use period tools in creating their own hand-hewn railroad tie. In the evening, the scouts play "Loggerball" and attend company meeting, which is filled with period songs and stories. Loggerball is a game similar to baseball, but played with slightly modified rules on a sandlot style field. The teams are either the Loggers, also known as the Log Dogs, vs Campers or the teams are split up evenly. Elevation: 8,100 ft (2,500 m).; location: North Country, 36°37′30″N 105°06′51″W / 36.62500°N 105.11417°W / 36.62500; -105.11417.
Located 7 miles (usually traveled by bus) from base camp. Great activity to do on first/last day in base camp. Features a replica 1860's hacienda built on property once owned by mountain man Kit Carson. Program offered: Interactive 1-hour tour of the Kit Carson Museum, may include demonstrations of blacksmithing, black-powder riflery, woodworking, cooking, or tomahawk throwing. This is one of the few areas of Philmont open to the public. Hours of Museum 8-5, every day during the summer season.
Rich Cabins
Although considered a part of the ranch, Rich Cabins is outside of the Philmont boundary on Ted Turner's Vermejo Park Ranch. The Rich family lived at this location from the late 1880s to the 1920s and therefore the camp and its program is focused on that homesteading era. Program includes: historical cabin tours, gardening, wood working (some years), catching chickens, milking cows, and various projects that the staff may be working on to improve the camp. Additionally, there is a commissary located at Rich.
Ring Place
Found in the Valle Vidal, this camp has astronomy, folk weather, and cabin tours of their historic cabin.
Sawmill has a wood-fired boiler for hot showers and a program focused on high-powered rifle shooting (.30-06) where participants are taught how to re-load their own rounds and to shoot. Has a beautiful view down the valley towards the east and the prairie below. Highly recommended to wake up early and watch sunrise, as the sun rises in the valley below, and provides for unforgettable views.
Seally Canyon
A Valle Vidal camp. The program feature is search and rescue.
A camp sited on the north side of Urraca Mesa with a great view to the North looking toward Base Camp. Inspiration Point is a great side hike from this camp. The camp program includes challenge (team building) activities designed to help instill a sense of teamwork within the crew while teaching them to be willing and ready to think outside the box. Campsites are neatly separated from the program area and sited along a hillside in the Ponderosa pines next to a meadow; cool breezes funnel down Urraca and the adjacent passes. Most crews arrive at Urraca after climbing up and over Urraca Mesa. Legend holds that the Mesa is haunted, with tales ranging from eerie blue lights to "imps" running around at night. Crews crossing the mesa might encounter some cattle.
Ute Gulch Commissary
Ute Gulch patch
Ute Gulch Commissary
Commissary and trading post; no camping. This is a trail outpost with the commissary on one end of the building and the trading post on the other.
The trading post carries primarily the bare essentials-- but also a few other goodies to eat and drink which are a welcome respite from trail food.
Offers fresh fruit to those picking up food. After experiencing extreme bear problems in 2005, Ute Gulch Commissary became one of the first commissaries to use electric fences around the building.
It sits at 7,920 feet (2,410 m) elevation and is located at 36°30.80′N 105°03′W / 36.51333°N 105.050°W / 36.51333; -105.050.
Whiteman Vega
A Valle Vidal camp. It features Mountain Bike riding and also provides an excellent starting point for any layover crews that would like to hike Little Costilla, a demanding and yet rewarding mountain west by north-west of the camp.
Location: South Country
This staffed camp is home to the land navigation program, and is a common camp to pass through or stay at for crews at the beginning or end of their south country treks. Crews that stay the night can make fruit cobbler for dessert.

Trail camps[edit]

Trail camps are those that do not have permanent staff. Trail camps typically contain several campsites, but are spread out over half a mile of trail or more, so that there is no sense of crowding. Each trail camp is identified by a map, attached to a tree or the side of a latrine at every trail which passes through it. Trail camps do not necessarily have a nearby water source. Camps without a nearby water source referred to as "dry camps".

Individual campsites are marked by a wooden sign nailed to a tree which indicates the campsite number. Signs are not supposed to be touched by anyone, in order to preserve them. Camps have a metal fire ring, which may be used for small fires unless a fire ban is in place, which is often the case, given Philmont's dry climate. There is also a sump;[4] an L-shaped plastic pipe, with a partly exposed two-foot vertical section and a ten-foot perforated horizontal section underground. The exposed pipe is capped with a piece of mesh.[5] Sumps are used to dispose of dirty dishwater.

Several campsites usually share a bear cable away from the campsite. This is a metal cable strung between two sturdy trees at least ten feet above the ground; it is used to hang bear bags containing items that might attract animals.

A "Red Roof Inn", an outhouse in Philmont's back country.

Campsites also share a latrine or toilet. Philmont latrines have the possibility of housing spiders below the seat, which is why campers are encouraged to remove possible pests on the underside of the boards with a stick. The latrines come in different configurations, but all of them are for excrement only, and are not to be urinated in, in order to reduce smell. The open-air style latrine with two adjacent seats is affectionately called the "pilot to copilot" design; this results from the joking conversation which often takes place between two campers using the toilet simultaneously. The other open-air configuration latrine, called the "pilot to bombardier",[6] is generally preferred because its two seats are back-to-back and offer somewhat more privacy than the "pilot to copilot". Occasionally a "single pilot" - one open-air seat — may be found. The enclosed configuration, with walls and a red roof, is known as a Red Roof Inn, in joking reference to the hotel chain.[7] Older Red Roof Inns contain two adjacent seats and no door, while newer models have two back-to-back seats, with a wall between. Portable toilets ("Time Machines") are rare in the backcountry and only found in places such as French Henry camp.

Philmont Trail Camps
Campground Area Coordinates † Elevation † Water Comments
Agua Fria South Country
Aguila South Country
Anasazi North Country This camp is a small, unstaffed camp located near an untreated water source, and is often used as one of the starting camps for many treks.
Aspen Springs Central Country 36°30′11″N 105°03′34″W / 36.50306°N 105.05944°W / 36.50306; -105.05944 7,900 feet (2,407.9 m)
Baldy Skyline North Country
Bear Caves South Country
Bear Canyon South Country
Bent North Country
Black Horse North Country
Black Jacks North Country
Buck Creek South Country 36°24′40″N 105°07′49″W / 36.41111°N 105.13028°W / 36.41111; -105.13028 9,200 feet (2,804.2 m)
Cathedral Rock Central Country 36°29′03″N 105°02′22″W / 36.48417°N 105.03944°W / 36.48417; -105.03944 7,350 feet (2,240.3 m) Stream A stream-side camp shadowed by Cathedral Rock. This campsite is close to other natural features including Hidden Valley and Window Rock.
Comanche South Country 36°26′50″N 105°09′40″W / 36.44722°N 105.16111°W / 36.44722; -105.16111 9,600 feet (2,926.1 m) Stream A stream-side camp with plenty of water. Not to be confused with Comanche Peak Camp.
Comanche Peak Central Country 36°28′50″N 105°08′14″W / 36.48056°N 105.13722°W / 36.48056; -105.13722 11,100 feet (3,383.3 m) None A dry camp located immediately to the east of Mount Phillips, Comanche Peak is spacious and well-shaded by ponderosa pines. Provides views of sunsets over Mounts Phillips and Baldy. Wildlife, including mule deer, elk and black bear, abounds in this area.
Copper Park North Country 36°38′31″N 105°12′06″W / 36.64194°N 105.20167°W / 36.64194; -105.20167 10,500 feet (3,200.4 m) Spigot This camp is hidden among the trees on the side of Mount Baldy, Copper Park is a beautiful campsite, and a common place for crews to stay two nights in order to ascend Mount Baldy. The nearest commissary is Baldy Camp.
Cook Canyon North Country
Cottonwood Trail North Country
Crags South Country. Crags is located on the banks of Rayado creek southeast of Fish Camp.
Deer Lake Central Country 36°30′35″N 105°01′42″W / 36.50972°N 105.02833°W / 36.50972; -105.02833 8,300 feet (2,529.8 m) Seasonal Many crews decide to hike to Deer Lake and come back down to Harlan in order to get water or participate in burro racing.
Deer Lake Mesa Central Country
Devil's Wash Basin Central Country 36°31′20″N 105°03′23″W / 36.52222°N 105.05639°W / 36.52222; -105.05639 8,500 feet (2,590.8 m)
Elkhorn North Country
Ewells Park North Country This camp is located near Baldy Town, and some treks stay here when attempting Baldy Mountain.
Greenwood Canyon North Country
House Canyon North Country Trail camp between Anasazi and Old Camp, opened in 2007.
Lambert's Mine Central Country 36°28′35″N 105°06′21″W / 36.47639°N 105.10583°W / 36.47639; -105.10583 9,000 feet (2,743.2 m) An unstaffed camp relatively close to Cypher's Mine Camp with several abandoned mineshafts in the vicinity
Lost Cabin South Country 36°23′02″N 105°08′10″W / 36.38389°N 105.13611°W / 36.38389; -105.13611 9,200 feet (2,804.2 m) Located slightly east and south of Apache Springs, a staffed camp, Lost Cabin is the former location of a mining operation and cabin. It served as a staffed camp in 1963, but was flooded in 1965 and permanently replaced by Apache Springs.
Lookout Meadow South Country 36°23′00″N 105°04′00″W / 36.38333°N 105.06667°W / 36.38333; -105.06667 9,400 feet (2,865.1 m)
Lovers Leap South Country 36°25′14″N 105°00′41″W / 36.42056°N 105.01139°W / 36.42056; -105.01139 7,400 feet (2,255.5 m)
Lower Sawmill Central Country Stream Located just over a mile downhill and east of Sawmill, this camp is located near a beautiful alpine meadow.
Maxwell North Country
McBride Canyon North Country
Mt. Phillips Central Country 11,711 feet (3,569.5 m) None Mt. Phillips Camp, located atop Mount Phillips, the second tallest mountain on the ranch, this is the highest camp in Philmont and provides excellent views.
New Dean North Country
North Fork Urraca South Country
Old Camp North Country
Ponderosa Park Central Country Located relatively close to Clarks Fork (albeit entirely uphill), it is the final camp on several itineraries.
Porcupine ("Porky") South Country Common camp for the day after Mt. Phillips, this camp features an abandoned cabin and campsites along Rayado Creek. This was once a staffed camp, usually comprising a single staff member that served more as a camp host than a program counselor. Also featured in the Philmont Ranger Song.
Pueblano Ruins North Country 36°37′44″N 105°08′06″W / 36.62889°N 105.13500°W / 36.62889; -105.13500 8,400 feet (2,560.3 m) Satellite camp for the staffed camp located at Pueblano. Campers often take part in program activities and enjoy the evening campfire at nearby Pueblano.
Rayado River South Country
Red Hills Central Country
Rimrock Park South Country
Santa Claus North Country 36°35′27″N 105°05′22″W / 36.59083°N 105.08944°W / 36.59083; -105.08944. 8,400 feet (2,560.3 m) Santa Claus was a staffed camp until the mid-1990s. One of the main reasons it closed was because the well stopped pumping enough water to sustain a full staff. The area suffered during the 2002 Ponil Complex fire, though the abandoned cabin still stands. In 2000, lightning struck one of the bear cables and the bear bags on the line exploded, leaving the trees charred from where the bear cables were attached.
Shaefers Pass Central Country
Sioux North Country 36°37′18″N 105°03′18″W / 36.62167°N 105.05500°W / 36.62167; -105.05500 7,380 feet (2,249.4 m) None Located just above Ponil camp, this dry camp is a common starting camp for treks.
Stockade South Country
Tooth Ridge Central Country 36°27′16″N 104°59′50″W / 36.45444°N 104.99722°W / 36.45444; -104.99722 8,240 feet (2,511.6 m) None Camping sites: 18. Tooth Ridge Camp is often the last camp that backpacking crews use before a return to Philmont's base camp. Tooth Ridge Camp sits immediately beneath The Tooth of Time (elevation 9,003 feet (2,744.1 m) feet) in the midst of tall, broad Ponderosa pines. It is a great location for bouldering and a good starting point for an early morning ascent of the Tooth.
Toothache Springs South Country
Thunder Ridge Central Country
Turkey Creek North Country
Upper Bench Central Country Beautiful dry trail camp with a series of seasonal lakes, and a large, rock formation on one end.
Upper Clark's Fork 36°27′37″N 105°2′56″W / 36.46028°N 105.04889°W / 36.46028; -105.04889 A camp up above the staffed Clark's Fork, this quiet and scenic camp is nestled in the Ponderosa Pines and sits along a fairly well-used trail. Not to be confused with Clark's Fork, however many campers day-hike down to Clark's Fork to get a chuck-wagon dinner and showers.
Upper Dean Cow North Country Spigot - untreated It is a grassy camp near a river and is frequented by mule deer. It is also a common place to see a black bear.
Ute Springs Central Country Stream
Ute Meadows North Country This camp is located just below Baldy Town and is used as a layover camp for crews climbing Baldy
Vaca Central Country This camp has an unpurified solar well and is located on a large meadow of Black Eyed Susans, it is a short hike to Harlan staffed camp.
Visto Grande Central Country This large trail camp, which is on a steep hill, is near a fantastic view of Baldy Mountain. It also contains a spring for water. An abandoned building also sits in this camp.
Webster Lake Central Country
Webster Parks Central Country Not far from the large, staffed camp, Cimarroncito, it is located next to a beautiful meadow and crews have the option of day hiking down to Cimarroncito and catching rock-climbing lessons and water.
Wild Horse South Country

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Rock Rohrbacher (1997). Philmanac: A Trekkers Guide to the Philmont Backcountry. CSS Pub. Retrieved April 29, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b [1] Official Philmont web site
  3. ^ "Philmont Scout Ranch Contact". Philmont Scout Ranch. Retrieved April 30, 2013. 
  4. ^ La Curan, Ronald (2008). "Philmont Engineering Plans: Sump". Philmont Scout Ranch. Retrieved April 30, 2013. 
  5. ^
  6. ^ La Curan, Ronald (2008). "Philmont Engineering Plans: Pilot To Bombardier - Wood". Philmont Scout Ranch. Retrieved April 30, 2013. 
  7. ^ La Curan, Ronald (2009). "Philmont Engineering Plans: Red Roof Inn (Outhouse)". Philmont Scout Ranch. Retrieved April 30, 2013.