St. Thomas Mount

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St. Thomas Mount
பரங்கிமலை
neighbourhood
St. Thomas Mount is located in Chennai
St. Thomas Mount
St. Thomas Mount
Coordinates: 13°0′18.2″N 80°11′35.9″E / 13.005056°N 80.193306°E / 13.005056; 80.193306Coordinates: 13°0′18.2″N 80°11′35.9″E / 13.005056°N 80.193306°E / 13.005056; 80.193306
Country India
State Tamil Nadu
Metro Chennai
Government
 • Body CMDA
Languages
 • Official Tamil
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Planning agency CMDA

St. Thomas Mount (known in Tamil as Parangimalai) is a small hillock located in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India, near the neighbourhood of Guindy and very close to Chennai International Airport.

Syrian Christians of India trace the origin of their church to St. Thomas the Apostle, believed to have attained martyrdom in Chennai. From the 17th century, this part of Chennai was populated predominantly by Anglo-Indians.

The neighbourhood is served by the St. Thomas Mount railway station on the southern line of the Chennai Suburban Railway Network.[citation needed] Integration of the Metro and MRTS with the suburban station in the neighbourhood, is expected to make the suburb the city's largest transit hub after Chennai Central.[1]

In the state assembly elections of 1967 and 1971, there was a constituency known as the Saint Thomas Mount.

Hill shrine[edit]

A shrine dedicated to "Our Lady of Expectation" (Mother Mary) was built in 1523 on top of the mount. The altar of this shrine was built on the spot where St. Thomas' death has occured. At the northern foot of the mount, is a gateway of four impressive arches surmounted by a cross bearing the inscribed date 1547. A flight of 160 steps leads up to the summit of the mount. There are fourteen stations of the cross erected on the way to the summit.

A panoramic view of the city of Chennai as seen from the top of St. Thomas Mount.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ayyappan, V (28 January 2013). "From Tonga Stop to Transport Hub". The Times of India (Chennai: The Times Group). Retrieved 3 Feb 2013. 

External links[edit]