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A phlebologist is a medical specialist in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of venous origin. The specialty of phlebology has developed to enable physicians sharing an interest in venous disease and health to share knowledge and experience despite being trained in a variety of backgrounds such as dermatology, vascular surgery, haematology, or general medicine. Diagnostic techniques used include the patient's history and physical examination, venous imaging techniques and laboratory evaluation related to venous thromboembolism. The American Medical Association and the American Osteopathic Association has added phlebology to their list of self-designated practice specialties.

A significant part of a phlebologist's work is involved with the treatment of superficial venous disease, frequently of the leg. Conditions often treated include venous stasis ulcers, varicose veins and spider veins (telangiectasia). Other conditions managed by phlebologists include deep venous thrombosis (DVT), superficial thrombophlebitis, and venous malformations. Regulatory requirements for phlebology certification are different in Europe and the USA. Becoming a Phlebologist does not require extensive training in the USA, similar to specialties such as vascular surgery, and dermatology. In the USA, licensed physicians with documented experience in treating veins can receive certification by passing a test created by the American Board of Phlebology a privately owned corporation. The test addresses knowledge of both venous disease and general health. The American Board of Phlebology results in certification as a "diplomate of the American Board of Phlebology." Providers with this designation have completed rigorous criteria to sit for the exam and comprehension of vein care principles to pass the exam according to the Company. There is currently legislation that would make it illegal to classify themselves as being board certified in Phlebology as the board does not exist.

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