Phlegra (mythology)

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Phlegra (Greek: Φλέγρα)[1] refers to both a real and a mythical location in both Greek and Roman mythology.

In Greek mythology, it is the site of Zeus's overthrowing of the Giants (Gigantes) at the end of the Gigantomachy.

Plegra is a peninsula of Macedonia (more specifically in Chalkidike) in modern Greece; it is an ancient name for Pallene in historical Thrace, the latter as per the toponymy of the ancients; Pallene -and Phlegra- is most commonly called nowadays Kassandra or Peninsula of Kassandra.[1]

Strabo wrote[citation needed] that Phlegrae was also called the Phlegraean Plain[citation needed] (Φλέγρας πεδίον, Phlegras pedion, or Φλεγραία πλάξ, Phlegraia plax)[1] in Campania near Cumae. He writes that the Giants who survived, were driven out by Heracles, finding refuge with their mother in the site of Leuca[citation needed] (in Italy's 'heel'). A fountain there has smelly water from the ichor of the giants.

Strabo also writes:

The peninsula Pallene, on whose isthmus is situated the city formerly called Potidaea and now Cassandreia, was called Phlegra in still earlier times. It used to be inhabited by the giants of whom the myths are told, an impious and lawless tribe, whom Heracles destroyed.

—[Strabo, Geography Book 7. Fragment 27][2]

Phlegras pedion has also used as an synonym of or as an field in Nephelokokkygia.


  1. ^ a b c φλέγρα. Liddell, Henry George; Scott, Robert; A Greek–English Lexicon at the Perseus Project.
  2. ^ "7.Fr. 27". Geography (in Greek).  "7.Fr. 27".  Missing or empty |title= (help) At the Perseus Project. See also 7.Fr 25.

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