Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (February 2011)|
|Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport|
|IATA: PHX – ICAO: KPHX – FAA LID: PHX|
|Owner||City of Phoenix|
|Operator||Phoenix Airport System|
|Serves||Phoenix metropolitan area|
|Focus city for||Southwest Airlines|
|Elevation AMSL||1,135 ft / 346 m|
FAA airport diagram
|Source: Federal Aviation Administration|
Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport (IATA: PHX, ICAO: KPHX, FAA LID: PHX) is a civil-military public airport 3 miles (4.8 km) southeast of downtown Phoenix, in Maricopa County, Arizona. It is Arizona's largest and busiest airport, and the largest commercial airport in the American Southwest.
In 2012, the airport served 40,448,932 passengers, making it one of the top 10 busiest in the United States by passenger count. It handles more than 1,200 aircraft operations a day, 100,00 passengers and more than 800 tons of cargo. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) records show the airport had 20,169,926 commercial passenger boardings (enplanements) in calendar year 2012 and 20,211,799 in 2011.
The airport is the primary regional hub and gateway for Mexican and Hawaiian departures for Tempe-based US Airways and is a focus city for Southwest Airlines. US Airways is the airport's largest carrier.
- 1 History
- 2 Control tower
- 3 Terminals
- 4 Airlines and destinations
- 5 Statistics
- 6 Other services
- 7 Cargo terminal
- 8 Airport development
- 9 Airline lounges
- 10 Ground transportation
- 11 Incidents and accidents involving Sky Harbor
- 12 Military facilities
- 13 See also
- 14 References
- 15 External links
Sky Harbor was the fourth airport built in Phoenix. It was built with one runway in 1928 by Scenic Airways, an airline start-up which collapsed the following year after the Black Thursday stock market crash. Acme Investment Company then owned the airport until 1935. During this time, American Airlines began the airport's first scheduled passenger and air mail service in 1930. The city of Phoenix purchased the airport from Acme for $100,000 in 1935, and TWA began service to San Francisco in 1938.
After the war the airport began work on a new passenger terminal, as well as a new parallel runway and a diagonal runway. On the February 1953 C&GS diagram runways 8L and 8R are each 6000 ft long and runway 3 is 5500 ft.
The April 1957 OAG shows 42 scheduled airline departures a day: 16 American, 11 TWA, 10 Bonanza and 5 Frontier. American began a nonstop DC-7 to New York (Idlewild) in summer 1959.
The airport's master plan was redesigned in 1959 to eliminate the cross runway to make room for new terminals. American and TWA began jet service to Phoenix in 1960 and 1961 respectively, and Terminal 2 (originally called the "East Terminal") still in use today, opened in 1962. Terminal 3 opened in October 1979, when the "East" and "West" names were dropped, since they were no longer the only two terminals.
Bonanza Airlines moved its headquarters from Las Vegas to Phoenix in 1966. Bonanza merged with two other airlines to form Air West, which became Hughes Airwest after Howard Hughes bought it in 1970.
After airline deregulation in 1978 former Hughes Airwest executive Ed Beauvais formed a plan for a new airline based in Phoenix. He founded America West Airlines in 1981, which began service from Phoenix in 1983 and doubled in size during its first year. By the end of the decade America West had a nationwide network and was lobbying for transpacific service.
In the meantime Southwest Airlines arrived at Phoenix in January 1982 with thirteen daily flights to twelve cities; by 1986 it had 64 daily flights from Phoenix and had a crew base there. Southwest opened a maintenance facility at PHX in 1992 which was its largest.
In October 1989 ground was broken for Terminal 4, the largest terminal. It opened on November 2, 1990 with four concourses: N2 and N3 on the north side and S3 and S4 on the south side. In 1994 the N4 International Concourse was opened, adding 10 gates and a sterile walkway to the S4 concourse. In 1997 construction began on the 14-gate N1 concourse for America West Airlines. It was completed in June 1998 at a cost of $50 million, completing the expansion of the north side of the terminal. On the south side of the terminal, construction began in 2002 on the eight-gate S2 concourse for Southwest Airlines. This project was completed in 2004 and has a different architectural design from the other six concourses. The eighth and final concourse for Terminal 4 will be built when needed. Terminal 4 is named after former Arizona Senator and 1964 Presidential candidate Barry M. Goldwater. After Goldwater's death in 1998, the mayor of Phoenix proposed renaming the airport in Goldwater's memory but was deluged with public support for the familiar "Sky Harbor" name.
America West filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in 1991 and sold its larger aircraft and Japanese route authority, but continued growing its domestic operations from Terminal 4 in cooperation with Continental Airlines. Although AWA enjoyed further growth at Phoenix during the 1990s the aftermath of the September 11, 2001 attacks strained its financial position. AWA ended its relationship with Continental and merged with US Airways in 2005. US Airways moved its headquarters to the AWA campus in Tempe and retained many AWA managers to run the merged company.
Phoenix has consistent winds, and Sky Harbor is one of the largest airports in the world to have all runways parallel.
The airport's current 326-foot (99-meter) tall air traffic control tower began operations on January 14, 2007. The tower stands just east of the Terminal 3 parking garage, and also houses the Phoenix TRACON. This is Sky Harbor's fourth control tower and is among the tallest control towers in North America.
The airport has over 120 aircraft gates in three Terminals (2, 3, 4). The airport administration states that the designation Terminal 1 has been "retired", and that it did not wish to renumber the other terminals since passengers were already familiar with the numbers in place. Free wireless internet access is available in all terminals.
Terminal 2 has 9 gates (numbered inconsecutively 1-13 and two additional lettered gates C & D) and three parking slots. It was designed by the Phoenix architectural firms of Weaver & Drover and Lescher & Mahoney and opened in 1962. This terminal includes a mural by French-American artist Paul Coze. In November 2006, a Military and Veterans Hospitality Room, sponsored by the Phoenix Military and Veterans Commission, was opened in Terminal 2. It has since related to Terminal 4 as the new USO. This terminal has undergone two renovation projects. The first was completed in 1988. The second project, which cost $24 million and was designed by DWL Architects + Planners, Inc., was completed in 2007.
The 880,000 square-feet, $35 million Terminal 3, designed by DWL Architects + Planners, Inc., broke ground in January 1977 opened in October 1979 and has 17 gates, separated into two concourses by a central building outside of security. The south concourse houses gates 2–9 and the north concourse houses gates 15-26. The terminal was remodeled in 1997. Its only lounge - Delta's Crown Room Club - was closed on April 30, 2008.
A future three-part construction and renovation project will combine Terminal 2 and Terminal 3, and update the facilities. Part One will expand security checkpoints on both sides of Terminal 3. Part Two will provide additional concession space for Terminal 3 North, expand the curbside area, and separate ticketing and baggage claim. Part Three will be a brand new Terminal 3 South as a 15 gate, linear terminal. This would discontinue all operations from Terminal 2 as it would be phased out. The project is expected to begin in 2014 and be completed by 2020.
Terminal 4 (Barry M. Goldwater Terminal)
Terminal 4, also designed by DWL Architects + Planners, Inc., opened in 1990 and has more than 90 gates, divided into seven satellite concourses connected behind security. Three northern concourses (gates A1-A14, A17-A30, B1-B14) serve American Airlines, American Eagle, US Airways and US Airways Express operated flights. The northeastern concourse "B" includes the international gates with Customs and Border Control facilities for International inbound flights (B23-B28) serving British Airways, Westjet, US Airways and US Airways Express with B15-B22 serving US Airways and US Airways Express. The three southern concourses (gates C1-C10, C11-C20, D1-D8) serve Southwest Airlines exclusively. Terminal 4 handles about 80% of the traffic at the airport.
Airlines and destinations
British Airways provides the airport's only nonstop service outside of North America to London-Heathrow, as well as the only passenger flights on a Boeing 747 involving the airport (America West once operated Boeing 747's to Hawaii and Japan from Sky Harbor). US Airways and Hawaiian Airlines offer non-stop service outside the Continental United States to Hawaii. Aeroméxico Connect, US Airways and Volaris offer non-stop service to cities in Mexico and US Airways, Air Canada, and WestJet offer non-stop service to parts of Canada, while US Airways alone, offers non-stop service to parts of Alaska and Central America.
- Note: All International arrivals are handled at Terminal 4, Concourse B.
|1||Denver, CO||1,008,000||Frontier, Southwest, Spirit, United, US Airways|
|2||Los Angeles, CA (LAX)||800,000||American, Delta, Southwest, United, US Airways|
|3||Las Vegas, NV||653,000||Southwest, US Airways|
|4||Seattle/Tacoma, WA||651,000||Alaska, Southwest, US Airways|
|5||San Diego, CA||635,000||Southwest, US Airways|
|6||Minneapolis/St. Paul, MN||615,000||Delta, Southwest, Spirit, Sun Country, US Airways|
|7||Chicago, IL (O'Hare)||607,000||American, Spirit, United, US Airways|
|8||Dallas/Fort Worth, TX||599,000||American, Spirit, US Airways|
|9||Salt Lake City, UT||590,000||Delta, Southwest, US Airways|
|10||Atlanta, GA||576,000||Delta, Southwest (includes AirTran), US Airways|
|Rank||City||Passengers||Carriers||Change YoY (%)|
|1||Calgary, Canada||332,957||Air Canada, US Airways, WestJet||3.6|
|2||San José del Cabo, Mexico||287,188||US Airways||5.0|
|3||Vancouver, Canada||217,269||US Airways, WestJet||1.3|
|4||Edmonton, Canada||189,937||US Airways, WestJet||25.1|
|5||Puerto Vallarta, Mexico||189,272||US Airways||10.4|
|6||Guadalajara, Mexico||186,295||US Airway, Volaris||2.3|
|7||London, United Kingdom (Heathrow)||175,475||British Airways||1.3|
|8||Mexico City, Mexico||153,919||US Airways, Volaris||7.2|
|9||Cancún, Mexico||134,627||US Airways||0.6|
|10||Toronto, Canada||124,239||Air Canada||5.5|
Sky Harbor has an average of 1,232 aircraft operations per day.
|Commercial||Air Taxi||GA Transient||Military|
There are 75 aircraft based at Sky Harbor.
- Cutter Aviation (Fixed-Base Operator, General Aviation Services and Air Charter at Sky Harbor)
- Swift Air (Operates cargo and passenger charters out of Sky Harbor)
|Ameriflight||Los Angeles, Tijuana|
|DHL Express operated by ABX Air||San Diego|
|Empire Airlines||Flagstaff, Lake Havasu City, Laughlin/Bullhead, Yuma|
|FedEx Express||Indianapolis, Memphis, Oakland|
|FedEx Feeder operated by Corporate Air||Billings|
PHX Sky Train
- The new Phoenix Sky Train is an automated people-mover, much like other airports, that will, by 2020, transport Sky Harbor passengers from the 44th Street and Washington Light Rail station to Sky Harbor's East Economy Parking lot, through all three terminals, then on to the Rental Car Center just west of the airport.
- Phase 1 opened on April 8, 2013 and runs from the 44th Street and Washington Light Rail station, to East Economy Parking and on to Terminal 4.
- Phase 1A will shuttle passengers to Terminal 3 and a walkway to Terminal 2. Phase 1A is scheduled to be completed in early 2015.
- Phase 2 will transport passengers to the Rental Car Center. Phase two is not expected to be completed anytime prior to 2020.
- Sky Harbor is the first airport in the world to have a train track high enough for aircraft to pass underneath, standing above Taxiway R at 100 feet (30 meters).
- Sky Harbor has initiated a 3 - component "Terminal 3 Modernization Plan" which is anticipated to accommodate the current carriers at Terminal 3 as well as carriers at Terminal 2, which is to be phased out.
- Component 1 will expand all security checkpoints located in Terminal 3. Component 1 is scheduled to begin mid-2014 at a cost of $105 million.
- Component 2 will reconfigure the terminal's passenger flow and enhance concessions. Component 2 is scheduled to begin in 2015 at a cost of $165 million.
- Component 3 will reconstruct a completely new southern concourse with an additional 9 gates to accommodate the carriers moving from Terminal 2. Component 3 is scheduled to begin anytime between 2016-2019 at a cost of $220 million.
- Sky Harbor's southern-most runway (7R/25L) was fitted with three new safety features in October, 2010:
- Installation of runway status lights warning pilots of unsafe crossing.
- Two new runway exits.
- An extension of the runway's safety area in the event an airplane over-runs the runway.
- Terminal 2:
- Terminal 4:
A free 24-hour airport shuttle bus connects all of the terminals and West Economy Parking. Travelers can access East Economy Parking from the PHX Sky Train at Terminal 4.
Valley Metro bus route 13 serves all of the airport terminals as a link to the rest of the Valley Metro bus system. The METRO Light Rail has a stop at the nearby Washington at 44th Street station. A moving sidewalk bridge over Washington Street allows light rail passengers to arrive at the nearby PHX Sky Train station and then onward to stations at the East Economy Parking Lot and Terminal 4. Valley Metro bus routes 1, 3, 13 and 44 serve the light rail station.
A number of taxi, limousine, and shuttle companies provide service between each airport terminal, the Phoenix metropolitan area, and other communities throughout the state.
Incidents and accidents involving Sky Harbor
- On November 15, 1964; Bonanza Air Lines Flight 114, a Fairchild Hiller FH-227, flying from Phoenix to Las Vegas crashed into the side of a hill in open desert 10 miles (16 km) southwest of Las Vegas. All aboard (26 passengers and 3 crew) died on impact when the plane exploded.
- On August 16, 1987, Northwest Airlines flight 255, a McDonnell Douglas MD82 flying from Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport in Detroit, MI to John Wayne Airport in Orange County, CA, with an intermediate stop at Sky Harbor, crashed on take-off in Detroit killing all but one passenger on board.
- On January 5, 1999, Miami Air International, a Boeing 727-225A headed for Nashville, TN took off with the rear cargo door unlatched. The cargo door opened during takeoff; therefore, the flight crew declared an emergency and landed without incident. No injuries occurred.
- On August 28, 2002, America West Airlines flight 794, an Airbus A320 veered off the side of the runway onto the dirt infield and lost its nose gear due to the pilot failing to maintain directional control. Some passengers sustained minor injuries.
- On July 10, 2009, British Airways flight 288, a Boeing 747-400 bound for London Heathrow Airport filled with smoke just before gate push-back, causing all passengers and crew to evacuate the plane. A few days later, a British Airways maintenance crew was sent to Phoenix to investigate the problem. No problems were ever revealed. No serious injuries or fatalities occurred.
- On July 18, 2009, a US Airways Airbus A319 bound for Las Vegas had to turn around and land back in Phoenix because the aircraft's landing gear bay doors wouldn't shut, causing hydraulic issues. There were no injuries.
- On September 24, 2010, a US Airways Airbus A320, arriving in Phoenix from Dallas-Fort Worth, TX, made an emergency landing at Sky Harbor because of a front tire blow-out just after take-off in Dallas. The plane landed smoothly at Sky Harbor, was pulled to the gate and no injuries occurred.
- On September 24, 2010; an American Airlines McDonnell Douglas MD82 flight 806, from Phoenix to Dallas-Fort Worth, TX had an engine failure during take-off roll and aborted the departure, which in turn, closed the airport's runway 25R, allowing the airport to use only one runway for departures and arrivals, as one runway was already closed for maintenance. There were no injuries.
- On Thursday, December 30, 2010, Delta Air Lines flight 1921, a Boeing 757-300 flying from Detroit, MI to Phoenix was forced to make an emergency landing in Colorado Springs, CO due to an engine problem recognized by a light in the cockpit. Because one of the plane's engines was out, extreme pressure was applied to the brakes once the plane landed causing a fire to break out in the wheel well of the plane. The plane did, however, land safely; emergency exit inflatable slides were deployed and all passengers and crew were evacuated onto the tarmac. Some passengers sustained minor injuries.
- On Friday, April 1, 2011, Southwest Airlines flight 812 from Phoenix to Sacramento, CA made an emergency landing in Yuma, AZ after a large hole (about 3 feet wide, 1 foot tall) appeared in the Boeing 737-300's fuselage about 35 minutes into flight. The pilot immediately descended the plane rapidly to avoid too much pressure loss. The plane landed with no incident and only one minor injury was recorded in someone's inner ear due to the rapid descent. An investigative crew was scheduled to arrive the following Saturday to investigate the issue.
- On Wednesday, December 25, 2013, Robert Edward Bump was arrested by Phoenix police after he jumped a fence and ran onto a taxiway at Phoenix-Sky Harbor International Airport. He climbed over the 8-foot tall fence on the north side of the airport and onto the tarmac near Terminal 3 at about 5:30 p.m. MST.
PHX is also home to Sky Harbor Air National Guard Base and its host wing, the 161st Air Refueling Wing (161 ARW), an Air Mobility Command (AMC)-gained unit of the Arizona Air National Guard. One of two flying units in the Arizona ANG, the 161 ARW currently flies the KC-135R Stratotanker aircraft. In addition to its domestic role as a National Guard unit, answering to the Governor of Arizona, the 161 ARW also performs both a stateside and overseas role as a USAF organization, supporting air refueling and air mobility missions worldwide.
Located on the south side of the airport, the current Sky Harbor ANGB is a comparatively new facility. As a result of growth and on-going expansion programs at PHX, a new ANG base was planned at the airport to replace a smaller, outmoded facility that stood in the way of airport construction. Plans were finally approved in 1995 and the new base was built during the latter part of that decade. The current Sky Harbor ANGB includes over 275,000 square feet (25,500 m2) of facilities, pavement, and infrastructure and is one of the most modern facilities of its kind in the Air National Guard.
Over 1000 Air National Guard personnel are assigned to the 161 ARW, consisting of a combination of full-time Active Guard and Reserve (AGR) and Air Reserve Technician (ART) personnel, as well as part-time "traditional" air national guardsmen.
- FAA Airport Master Record for PHX ( PDF), effective July 5, 2007
- Thompson, Clay (January 14, 2001). "Valley 101: A Slightly Skewed Guide to Living in Arizona". The Arizona Republic. Retrieved July 12, 2012.
- "1935 and The Farm - Sky Harbor's Early Years and Memories". City of Phoenix Aviation Department. Retrieved July 12, 2012.
- "Phoenix Sky Harbor - City of Tempe History". City of Tempe. Archived from the original on September 14, 2010. Retrieved July 12, 2012.
- "Sky Harbor and the Beginning of the Modern Era". City of Phoenix Aviation Department. Retrieved July 12, 2012.
- Lehman, William. "US Airways: A Heritage Story". US Airways. Retrieved July 12, 2012.
- "Openings/Closings". Southwest Airlines. Retrieved July 12, 2012.
- "The 80's: A Time of Change". City of Phoenix Aviation Department. Retrieved July 12, 2012.
- "Name On Airport Terminal Has Goldwater Flying High". Orlando Sentinel. November 4, 1990. Retrieved July 12, 2012.
- "Terminal 4 Expansion Projects Concourse N1, N4 & S2". Landrum & Brown. p. 5. Archived from the original on March 4, 2009. Retrieved July 12, 2012.
- Ayres Jr., B. Drummond (July 13, 1998). "Political Briefing; A Sky-High Tribute Grounded by Fallout". The New York Times. Retrieved July 12, 2012.
- Giblin, Paul; Lipton, Eric (February 24, 2007). "New Airport X-Rays Scan Bodies, Not Just Bags". The New York Times. Retrieved July 12, 2012.
- "Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport - DWL Architects + Planners, Inc". Dwlarchitects.com. Retrieved 2013-09-06.
- "Passenger Terminal Facility Requirements". Arizona Department of Transportation. Retrieved July 12, 2012.
- Richardson, Ginger D. (March 12, 2007). "Terminal 2 Redo Winding Down". The Arizona Republic. Retrieved July 12, 2012.
- "Terminal 3". City of Phoenix Aviation Department. Retrieved July 12, 2012.
- "RITA | BTS | Transtats". Transtats.bts.gov. 2013-05-09. Retrieved 2013-11-24.
- "U.S. International Air Passenger and Freight Statistics Report". Office of Aviation Policy, U.S. Department of Transportation. Retrieved July 12, 2012.
- "Phoenix Sky Harbor Intl Airport Overzicht (Phoenix, AZ)". FlightAware. Retrieved July 12, 2012.
- "New PHX Sky Train debuts at Sky Harbor airport". AZ Daily Star. Retrieved 9 April 2013.
- "PHX Sky Train™ to Reach All Terminals, Nearly 6 Years Earlier Than Planned" (Press release). City of Phoenix Aviation Department. June 15, 2011. Retrieved July 12, 2012.
- "First Planes Taxi under PHX Sky Train Bridge". City of Phoenix Aviation Department. October 10, 2010. Retrieved July 12, 2012.
- Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport. "Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport". Skyharbor.com. Retrieved 2013-09-06.
- "Phoenix, AZ - Sky Harbor International Airport, Terminal 4". US Airways. Retrieved July 12, 2012.
- Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport. "Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport – Airport Shuttle". Skyharbor.com. Retrieved 2013-09-06.
- "Phoenix Sky Harbor Airport". Valleymetro.org. Retrieved 2013-09-06.
- Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport. "Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport – Statewide Shuttles". Skyharbor.com. Retrieved 2013-09-06.
- "Aborted Takeoff at Phoenix Airport Causes Delays". KTVK. Associated Press. September 24, 2010. Retrieved July 12, 2012.
- "Delta Flight Makes Emergency Landing in Colorado". CNN. December 30, 2010. Retrieved December 30, 2010.
- "Phoenix-Bound Delta Flight Makes Emergency Landing". KTVK. December 30, 2010. Retrieved July 12, 2012.
- "Southwest to Ground 81 Planes After Hole Prompts Emergency Landing". CNN. April 2, 2011. Retrieved April 2, 2011.
- "Police ID man who jumped fence at Sky Harbor Airport". CBS. December 25, 2013. Retrieved January 2, 2014.
- "161st Air Refueling Wing". Arizona Air National Guard. Retrieved July 12, 2012.
- "Factsheets: A Unit History of "The Copperheads"http://www.161arw.ang.af.mil/resources/factsheets/factsheet.asp?id=14111". Arizona Air National Guard. March 19, 2009.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport.|
- Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport, official site
- Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport (PHX) at Arizona DOT airport directory
- Phoenix Military & Veterans Hospitality Room
- Sky Harbor Airport Parking
- (PDF), effective March 6, 2014
- FAA Terminal Procedures for PHX, effective March 6, 2014
- Resources for this airport: