Phoenix roebelenii

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Phoenix roebelenii
Starr 070124-3839 Phoenix roebelenii.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Arecales
Family: Arecaceae
Genus: Phoenix
Species: P. roebelenii
Binomial name
Phoenix roebelenii
O'Brien

Phoenix roebelenii, with common names of pygmy date palm or miniature date palm, is a species of date palm native to southeastern Asia, from southwestern China (Yunnan Province), northern Laos and northern Vietnam, (in Dien Bien Province, Ha Giang Province, Cao Bang Province, Lang Son Province).[1][2] The name is sometimes mistakenly cited as roebelinii.

Description[edit]

Phoenix roebelenii is a small to medium sized, slow-growing slender tree growing to 2–3 metres (6.6–9.8 ft) tall. The leaves are 60–120 cm (24–47 in) long, pinnate, with around 100 leaflets arranged in a single plane (unlike the related P. loureiroi where the leaflets are in two planes). Each leaflet is 15–25 cm (6–10 in)15-25 cm long and 1 cm broad, slightly drooping, and grey-green in colour with scurfy pubescence below.

The flowers are small, yellowish, produced on a 45 cm (18 in) inflorescence. The fruit is an edible 1 cm drupe resembling a small, thin-fleshed date.[3]

Cultivation and uses[edit]

Phoenix roebelenii, is a popular ornamental plant in gardens in tropical to warm temperate climate areas. With a minimum temperature requirement of 10–16 °C (50–61 °F), in cooler areas it is grown under glass or as a houseplant.[4] It needs little pruning to develop a strong structure, is resistant to pests, is tolerant to soil variation, and is moderately drought tolerant. The plant grows in partial shade to full sun, with the local climate determining where to plant. In the Southwestern U.S. desert areas, morning sun is recommended.

This plant has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[5]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ WCSP, World Checklist of Arecaceae: Phoenix roebelenii
  2. ^ Germplasm Resources Information Network: Phoenix roebelenii
  3. ^ Huxley, A., ed. (1992). New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. Macmillan ISBN 0-333-47494-5.
  4. ^ RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964. 
  5. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Phoenix roebelenii". Retrieved 28 June 2013. 

External links[edit]