Pholiota

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Pholiota
Pholiota squarrosa2.jpg
Pholiota squarrosa
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Strophariaceae
Genus: Pholiota
(Fr.) P.Kumm. (1871)
Type species
Pholiota squarrosa
(Bull.) P.Kumm. (1871)
Synonyms[1]

Agaricus ser. Derminus Fr. (1821)
Agaricus trF. Flammula Fr. (1821)
Derminus (Fr.) Staude (1857)
Flammula (Fr.) P.Kumm. (1871)
Gymnocybe P.Karst. (1879)
Dryophila Quél. (1886)
Flammopsis Fayod (1889)
Ryssospora Fayod (1889)
Hypodendrum Paulet ex Earle (1909)
Visculus Earle (1909)
Nemecomyces Pilát (1933)
Hemipholiota (Singer) Kühner ex Bon (1986)
Phaeonematoloma (Singer) Bon (1994)

Pholiota is a genus of small to fleshy mushrooms in the family Strophariaceae. The genus has a widespread distribution, especially in temperate regions, and contains about 150 species.[2]

Pholiota is derived from the Greek word pholis, meaning "scale".[3]

Taxonomic details[edit]

The genus Pholiota is defined as mushrooms, with a glutinous cap surface, growth on wood, and spores which are brown in deposit. These spores are smooth with a germ pore, although the germ pore can be quite narrow in species.

Selected species[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Pholiota (Fr.) P. Kumm. 1871". MycoBank. International Mycological Association. Retrieved 2011-12-23. 
  2. ^ Kirk PM, Cannon PF, Minter DW, Stalpers JA. (2008). Dictionary of the Fungi (10th ed.). Wallingford: CABI. p. 524. ISBN 978-0-85199-826-8. 
  3. ^ Rea, Carleton (1922). British Basidiomycetaceae: a Handbook to the Larger British Fungi. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. p. 61. 

External links[edit]