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Conocybe rugosa.jpg
Pholiotina rugosa
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Bolbitiaceae
Genus: Pholiotina
Fayod (1889)
Type species
Pholiotina blattaria
(Fr.) Fayod (1889)

Pholiotina is a genus of small agaric fungi. It was circumscribed by Swiss mycologist Victor Fayod in 1889.[1]

Taxonomic details[edit]

The genus Pholiotina is defined as small thin Mycena-like mushrooms, with an hymenoderm pileipellis, a dry cap surface, cystidia that are sub-capitate to blunt, and spores which are rusty brown in deposit. Spores of mushrooms of this genus are thick walled, smooth and have a germ pore.

Some authors consider Pholiotina part of the genus Conocybe. The two genera can be distinguished microscopically: Pholiotina contains a differentiated central zone called a mediostratum that is lacking in Conocybe. Additionally, Pholiotina species have cystidia with rounded to tapered tips, compared to the enlarged, globular cystidial tips of Conocybe.[2]

In a 2007 publication, Hausknecht and Krisai-Greilhuber devised an infrageneric classification that includes the sections Piliferae and Vestitae, and the series Aeruginosa, Aporos, Appendiculata, Brunnea, Coprophila, Filipes, Keniensis, Mairei, Pygmaeoaffinis, Resinosocystidiata, Sulcata, Teneroides, Utriformis, and Vexans.[3]


P. smithii

Pholiotina rugosa is the most commonly known species of this genus, although in most field guides this species is known as Conocybe filaris, which is a taxonomic equivalent.


  1. ^ Fayod VF. (1889). "Prodrome d'une histoire naturelle des Agaricinés". Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Botanique. VII (in French) 9: 181–411 (see p. 359). 
  2. ^ Mukerji KG. (2010). Taxonomy and Ecology of Indian Fungi. I. K. International Pvt. p. 204. ISBN 978-93-8002-692-3. 
  3. ^ Hausknecht A, Krisai-Greilhuber I. (2007). "Infrageneric division of the genus Pholiotina – a classical approach". Österreichische Zeitschrift für Pilzkunde 16 (1): 133–45. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Prydiuk MP. (2006). "New records of Pholiotina species in Ukraine". Czech Mycology 58 (3–4). 
  5. ^ Esteve-Raventós F, Hausknecht A, Rejos FJ. (2007). "Pholiotina atrocyanea, spec. nova, and three other rare Pholiotina species (Bolbitiaceae, Agaricales) from Spain". Österreichische Zeitschrift für Pilzkunde 16 (1): 117–26. 
  6. ^ a b Hausknecht A, Krisai-Greilhuber I, Voglmayr H. (2004). "Type studies in North American species of Bolbitiaceae belonging to the genera Conocybe and Pholiotina". Österreichische Zeitschrift für Pilzkunde 13: 153–235 (see pp. 180, 212). 
  7. ^ Hausknecht A. (2007). "Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Bolbitiaceae 11. Unberingte Arten der Gattung Pholiotina". Österreichische Zeitschrift für Pilzkunde (in German) 16 (1): 35–116. 
  8. ^ Bon M. (1991). "Novitates - Espèces "galéro-naucorioides", stat. et comb. nov.". Documents Mycologiques (in French) 21 (83): 37–40. 
  9. ^ Arnolds E, Hausknecht A. (2003). "Crepidotus cristatus, a new yellow species from the Netherlands". Persoonia 18 (2): 239–52.