Phosphopyruvate hydratase

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phosphopyruvate hydratase
Identifiers
EC number 4.2.1.11
CAS number 9014-08-8
Databases
IntEnz IntEnz view
BRENDA BRENDA entry
ExPASy NiceZyme view
KEGG KEGG entry
MetaCyc metabolic pathway
PRIAM profile
PDB structures RCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene Ontology AmiGO / EGO

In enzymology, a phosphopyruvate hydratase (EC 4.2.1.11) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

2-phospho-D-glycerate \rightleftharpoons phosphoenolpyruvate + H2O

Hence, this enzyme has one substrate, 2-phospho-D-glycerate, and two products, phosphoenolpyruvate and H2O.

This enzyme belongs to the family of lyases, specifically the hydro-lyases, which cleave carbon-oxygen bonds. The systematic name of this enzyme class is 2-phospho-D-glycerate hydro-lyase (phosphoenolpyruvate-forming). Other names in common use include enolase, 2-phosphoglycerate dehydratase, 14-3-2-protein, nervous-system specific enolase, phosphoenolpyruvate hydratase, 2-phosphoglycerate dehydratase, 2-phosphoglyceric dehydratase, 2-phosphoglycerate enolase, gamma-enolase, and 2-phospho-D-glycerate hydro-lyase. This enzyme participates in glycolysis/gluconeogenesis. At least one compound, Phosphonoacetohydroxamate is known to inhibit this enzyme. The human gene that makes this enzyme is ENO2.

Structural studies[edit]

As of late 2007, 27 structures have been solved for this class of enzymes, with PDB accession codes 1E9I, 1EBG, 1EBH, 1ELS, 1IYX, 1L8P, 1NEL, 1OEP, 1ONE, 1P43, 1P48, 1PDY, 1PDZ, 1TE6, 1W6T, 2AKM, 2AKZ, 2AL1, 2AL2, 2FYM, 2ONE, 2PA6, 3ENL, 4ENL, 5ENL, 6ENL, and 7ENL.

References[edit]

  • HOLT A, WOLD F (1961). "The isolation and characterization of rabbit muscle enolase". J. Biol. Chem. 236: 3227–31. PMID 13908561. 
  • Boyer, P.D., Lardy, H. and Myrback, K. (Eds.), The Enzymes, 2nd ed., vol. 5, Academic Press, New York, 1961, p. 471-494.
  • WESTHEAD EW, MCLAIN G (1964). "A PURIFICATION OF BREWERS' AND BAKERS' YEAST ENOLASE YIELDING A SINGLE ACTIVE COMPONENT". J. Biol. Chem. 239: 2464–8. PMID 14235523.