Photo identification

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This article is about identification of people. For the wildlife study technique, see Wildlife photo-identification.
Identification card used in Japan[1]

Photo identification is generally used to define any form of identity document that includes a photograph of the holder particularly his or her face. The technique of identification is useful for authenticating identity face-to-face to parties who neither pre-recognize somebody nor have access to a file, a directory, a registry or an information service that contains or that can render a photograph of somebody on account of that person's name and other personal information.

Some countries - including almost all developed nations with the notable exceptions of the UK and the US - use a single, government issued type of card as a proof of age or citizenship.

The United States does not have such a single type of card. Types of photo ID cards used in the US include:

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