Photography is Not a Crime
Photography is Not a Crime, also PINAC, is a weblog that focuses on rights of photographers, First Amendment rights of the public, and police misconduct. It was founded in 2007 following the arrest of its creator, Carlos Miller, a photojournalist. In June of 2014 it incorporated as the non-profit organisation PINAC Inc. and launched the Open Records Project.
In early 2007, Miller was on assignment for an article about the Biscayne Boulevard area of Miami, Florida. He observed five police officers interviewing an individual and began to take photographs. The officers asked Miller to move on, but he refused, informing them that he was on public property and had the right to photograph. The officers then arrested him for numerous misdemeanor offenses, including resisting arrest.[fn 1] Miller created the blog due to his arrest, the freedom of the press and free speech violations by the Miami Police Department, and his desire to educate the public on the issue.
First Amendment issues
PINAC focuses on First Amendment issues that intersect with governmental oppression of those rights, normally by police officers. It also gives citizens tips on how to interact with the police and assert their rights.
A large number of police departments have made arrests of photographers for charges such as obstruction and making terror threats. PINAC has covered the harassment of both mainstream journalists and citizens by police.
PINAC has covered a number of cases where police officers have misused wiretapping laws against videographers such as Anthony Graber in Maryland, who was arrested after he posted a video of a police contact on YouTube.[fn 2]
In addition, there have been numerous examples where police or security officers have erroneously told photographers that filming or taking pictures of a particular building is a violation, due to either national security or homeland security reasons. Examples covered in the blog include a police officer advising that photographing the National Laboratory at the University of Texas Medical Branch was prohibited, and similar examples involving photographing an art exhibit in downtown Indianapolis, and a train station in New York City.
PINAC has documented a number of cases where police officers seized cameras and cell phones, apparently in an effort to coverup police misconduct, such as the unjustified killing of Oscar Grant by BART police officers. In Broward County, an off-duty deputy sheriff pulled over a motorist, and then illegally seized and destroyed her cell phone in an attempt to get rid of the video that she had taken of the misconduct.
The blog has been featured or discussed in a number of mainstream publications, ranging from Playboy to the Washington Post. PINAC has also been mentioned in the Boston Globe and the Fort Lauderdale Sun-Sentinel, among others.
Law reviews and journals
- Miller was later acquitted of all charges except the resisting arrest charge, and that charge was overturned on appeal. Miller was supported during the trial by the Society of Professional Journalists, who contributed $3,000 towards his defense.
- The use of wiretapping laws to suppress photographers clearly violate the First Amendment, and courts have noted that public officers in a public place have no expectation of privacy.
- Executive Summary for PINAC Inc. (PINAC Inc 2014), http://photographyisnotacrime.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/PINAC-Inc.-Executive-Summary-Final.pdf (last visited June 28, 2014).
- SPJ Legal Defense Fund grant aids photographer's defense, Press Release, Society of Professional Journalists, (March 9, 2007).
- SPJ leaders express disappointment in First Amendment violation in Miami, Press Release, Society of Professional Journalists. (June 19, 2008).
- Miller v. State, No. 08-326 (Fla. Cir. Ct. 2009). via Scribd.
- Evan Benn, Photojournalist claims unjust arrest, Miami Herald blog (February 27, 2007, 8:16 PM).
- Bob Norman, Cat305 Journo Arrested, Boward-Palm Beach New Times blog (February 27, 2007, 3:08 PM).
- Mark Frauenfelder, Take a picture in Miami, go to jail, Boingboing (February 28, 2007, 7:01 PM).
- Radley Balko, Straight Talk: Videotaping Police, FoxNews.com (June 19, 2007).
- How to photograph police, 43 Reason 14. (2011).
- Martha Nell, Constitutional Law: Supreme Court Gives Nod to Citizens Who Record Police, Amidst Reports of Multiple Arrests, ABAJournal.com (November 26, 2012).
- John Pacenti, Recording nets terror charge for videographer, Fulton County Daily Report, September 13, 2011, at 5.(subscription required)
- Richard Brenneman, 2008 Proved a Dismal Year for an Ailing Fourth Estate, Berkeley Daily Planet, January 8–14, 2009, at 7.
- Glik v. Cunniffe, 655 F.3d 78 (1st Cir. 2011)
- State v. Graber, No. 12-K-10-647, 2010 Md. Cir. Ct. LEXIS 7 (Md. Cir. Ct. Sept. 27, 2010).
- Annys Shin, From YouTube to your local court; Video of traffic stop sparks debate on whether police are twisting Md. wiretap laws, Wash. Post, June 16, 2010, at A1.
- Morgan Leigh Manning, Less than Picture Perfect: The Legal Relationship between Photographers' Rights and Law Enforcement, 78 Tenn. L. Rev. 110-11 nn40-49 (2010).
- Manning, at 110-11, nn. 40-49.
- Manning, at 112-13 nn. 64-73.
- Ahnalese Rushmann, Photographers tangle with vague rules in transit hubs, 33 News Media & the Law 34 n. 2 (2009).
- The Substance of Truth 160 (Tolu Olorunda ed. 2011).
- David Smiley & Diana Moskovitz, A history of cops vs. cameras in Miami Beach, Miami Herald, June 14, 2011.
- Tim Mohr, No photos allowed: who will protect us from the protectors?, Playboy, Nov. 1, 2009, at 126.
- Carlos Miller, Guess who made this month's Playboy Magazine? (not just Marge Simpson) Photography is Not a Crime: PINAC, Oct. 26, 2009, accessed Nov. 17, 2013.
- Mark Baard, Swann's latest security device has that sinister vibe, Boston Globe, July 5, 2010, at Business 7.
- Ihosvani Rodriguez, Lauderdale enforcing no-photo rule at 'Rock of Ages' filming location, Fort Lauderdale Sun-Sentinel, June 9, 2011, at 1B.
- Manning, at 109-114.
- Mario Cerame, The Right to Record Police in Connecticut, 30 Quinnipiac L. Rev 385 (2012).
- Seth F. Kreimer, Pervasive Image Capture and the First Amendment: Memory, Discourse, and the Right to Record, 159 U. Pa. L. Rev. 335 (2011).
- PINAC/Photography is Not a Crime blog site.