Photopic vision is the vision of the eye under well-lit conditions. In humans and many other animals, photopic vision allows color perception, mediated by cone cells, and a significantly higher visual acuity and temporal resolution than available with scotopic vision.
The human eye uses three types of cones to sense light in three bands of color. The biological pigments of the cones have maximum absorption values at wavelengths of about 420 nm (blue), 534 nm (Bluish-Green), resp. 564 nm (Yellowish-Green). Their sensitivity ranges overlap to provide vision throughout the visible spectrum. The maximum efficacy is 683 lm/W at a wavelength of 555 nm (green).
Most older adults lose photopic spatial contrast sensitivity. Older adults in their 70s require about three times more contrast to detect high spatial frequencies than young adults in their 20s.
- Mesopic vision
- Purkinje effect
- Photosensitive ganglion cell
- Scotopic vision
- Adaptation (eye)
- Contrast (vision)
- Cone cell
- Pelz, J. (1993). Leslie D. Stroebel, Richard D. Zakia, ed. The Focal Encyclopedia of Photography (3E ed.). Focal Press. p. 467. ISBN 0-240-51417-3.
- "Molecular Expressions".
- Burton, Kerri B.; Cynthia Owsley; Michale E. Sloane (4 June 1992). "Aging and Neural Spatial Contrast Sensitivity: Photopic Vision". Vision Research 33 (7): 939–949. doi:10.1016/0042-6989(93)90077-a.
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