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Phoxinus bigerri 01 by-dpc.jpg
Phoxinus bigerri
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Cypriniformes
Family: Cyprinidae
Genus: Phoxinus
Rafinesque, 1820

20, see text

Phoxinus is a genus of freshwater fish in the minnow family (family Cyprinidae) of order Cypriniformes. The type species is Phoxinus phoxinus (the minnow or Eurasian minnow). The North American members of this genus are known as daces and the Old World ones as Eurasian minnows. The name "Minnow" was what early English fisherman used to describe "Small and insignificant".

Within the diverse family Cyprinidae, Phoxinus the only genus with a Holarctic distribution, being present both in Eurasia and North America.[1] It contains minimally three Eurasian and seven North American species,[1] or up to 20 species in all according to FishBase.[2] Molecular data however indicate Phoxinus is not a natural, monophyletic taxon.[1]


In addition to the species listed below, the five Chrosomus have often been included in this genus.