20, see text
Phoxinus is a genus of freshwater fish in the minnow family (family Cyprinidae) of order Cypriniformes. The type species is Phoxinus phoxinus (the minnow or Eurasian minnow). The North American members of this genus are known as daces and the Old World ones as Eurasian minnows. The name "Minnow" was what early English fisherman used to describe "Small and insignificant".
Within the diverse family Cyprinidae, Phoxinus the only genus with a Holarctic distribution, being present both in Eurasia and North America. It contains minimally three Eurasian and seven North American species, or up to 20 species in all according to FishBase. Molecular data however indicate Phoxinus is not a natural, monophyletic taxon.
In addition to the species listed below, the five Chrosomus have often been included in this genus.
- Phoxinus bigerri Kottelat, 2007
- Phoxinus brachyurus L. S. Berg, 1912 (Seven River's minnow)
- Phoxinus colchicus L. S. Berg, 1910
- Phoxinus grumi L. S. Berg, 1907
- Phoxinus issykkulensis L. S. Berg, 1912 (Issyk-kul' minnow)
- Phoxinus jouyi (D. S. Jordan & Snyder, 1901)
- Phoxinus keumkang (M. K. Chyung, 1977)
- Phoxinus kumgangensis L. T. Kim, 1980
- Phoxinus lumaireul (Schinz, 1840)
- Phoxinus neogaeus Cope, 1867 (Finescale dace)
- Phoxinus oxyrhynchus (T. Mori, 1930)
- Phoxinus phoxinus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Eurasian minnow)
- Phoxinus saylori C. E. Skelton, 2001 (Laurel dace)
- Phoxinus semotilus (D. S. Jordan & Starks, 1905)
- Phoxinus septimaniae Kottelat, 2007
- Phoxinus steindachneri Sauvage, 1883
- Phoxinus strandjae Drensky, 1926
- Phoxinus strymonicus Kottelat, 2007
- Phoxinus tchangi X. Y. Chen, 1988
- Phoxinus ujmonensis Kaschenko, 1899
- Strange and Mayden (2009): Phylogenetic Relationships and a Revised Taxonomy for North American Cyprinids Currently Assigned to Phoxinus (Actinopterygii: Cyprinidae) Copeia 2009(3): 494-501 [doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1643/CI-07-070]
- Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2012). Species of Phoxinus in FishBase. May 2012 version.