Phra Tabong Province

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Phra Tabong
Province of Thailand

1941–1946
Flag Coat of arms
Flag Coat of arms
Location of Phra Tabong Province
Phra Tabong is shaded red
Capital Battambang (de facto)
History
 -  Franco-Thai War May 9, 1941
 -  Thailand returns annexed territories to French Indochina 1946
Today part of  Cambodia

Phra Tabong Province was a province of Thailand, from the late 18th century until it was ceded to French Indochina in 1907, and again between 1941-1946 after Thailand recaptured it during the Japanese occupation of Cambodia in World War II.

The area is now covered by Battambang Province and Pailin municipality of Cambodia.

Name[edit]

Phra Tabong (Thai: พระตะบอง) is the Thai version of the name Preah Bat Dambang Kranhoung, the namesake of Battambang, who according to Khmer legend threw his staff from Angkor, landing in the area of modern Battambang.

History[edit]

Though Siam had invaded this area of Cambodia beginning in the 15th century, Siamese administration of the area was only formally organized in the late 18th century, at the beginning of the Bangkok period. Baen Abhaiwongse, originator of the Abhaiwongse family, was installed as governor, with the title Chao Phraya Abhayabhubet. His family governed the region for another five generations, until 1907. In that year Phra Tabong was ceded to French Indochina along with portions of modern Laos in exchange for Trat Province, according to the Franco-Siam Treaty signed March 23, 1907.

In 1941, with the help of Japan, which was occupying Thailand at the time, Thailand recaptured the areas it had ceded to France in 1907. The area in Cambodia had since been subdivided, and was rejoined to Thailand on July 23, 1941 as three provinces: Phra Tabong Province (with new boundaries, corresponding to Cambodian Battambang Province), Phibunsongkhram Province (corresponding to Cambodian Siem Reap Province) and Koh Kong Province.

Thailand was forced to cede the territory again in 1946, after the end of World War II, as a condition for Thailand's admission into the United Nations.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Provincial Seal of Phra Tabong, 1941-1946.

When it was rejoined to Thailand on July 23, 1941, Phra Tabong was divided into seven districts (amphoe):

Name Thai corresponding to Cambodian
1 Mueang Phra Tabong เมืองพระตะบอง Battambang District
2 Phromyothi พรหมโยธี Sangkae District
3 Athuekthewadet อธึกเทวเดช Moung Ruessei District
4 Mongkhon Buri มงคลบุรี Mongkol Borei District
5 Si Sophon ศรีโสภณ Serei Saophoan District
6 Sinthusongkhramchai สินธุสงครามชัย Tuek Cho District(?)
7 Phailin ไพลิน Pailin District, now a municipality

Three of the former Cambodian districts were renamed to honor the military officers who led the three major divisions of the Thai armed forces in the French-Thai War:

  • Phromyothi (Thai: พรหมโยธี) was renamed for Colonel Luang Phromyothi (common name Mangkon Phromyothi, later General), who commanded Army troops.
  • Athuekthewadet (Thai: อธึกเทวเดช) was renamed for Air Marshal Luang Athuekthewadet (common name Bunchiam Komonmit), who commanded Air Force troops.
  • Renamed in 1943 to Ronnaphakat (Thai: รณนภากาศ), after Luang Athuekthewadet quit his position.
  • Sinthusongkhramchai (Thai: สินธุสงครามชัย) was renamed for Rear Admiral Luang Sinthusongkhramchai (common name Sin Kamonnawin, later Admiral), who commanded Navy troops.

On December 23, 1941, Si Sophon and Sinthu Songkhram Chai were reassigned to Phibunsongkhram Province.[1]

On November 3, 1942, Mueang Phra Tabong was established as a town (thesaban mueang).[2]

On September 17, 1943, due to its small size, Phromyothi District was downgraded to a minor district (king amphoe) and renamed Pak Phraek. At the same time, four subdistricts from Mongkhon Buri District were combined into a new Phromyothi District.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]