Phthiotis

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Phthiotis
Περιφερειακή ενότητα
Φθιώτιδας
Regional unit
Municipalities of Phthiotis
Municipalities of Phthiotis
Phthiotis within Greece
Phthiotis within Greece
Coordinates: 38°54′N 22°32′E / 38.900°N 22.533°E / 38.900; 22.533Coordinates: 38°54′N 22°32′E / 38.900°N 22.533°E / 38.900; 22.533
Country Greece
Region Central Greece
Capital Lamia
Area
 • Total 4,440 km2 (1,710 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 158,231
 • Density 36/km2 (92/sq mi)
Postal codes 35x xx
Area codes 223x0
ISO 3166 code GR-06
Car plates ΜΙ
Website www.nafthiotidos.ondsl.gr

Phthiotis (Greek: Φθιώτιδα, Fthiótida, [fθiˈotiða]; ancient Greek and Katharevousa: Φθιώτις) is one of the regional units of Greece. It is part of the administrative region of Central Greece. The capital is the city of Lamia. It is bordered by the Malian Gulf to the east, Boeotia in the south, Phocis in the south, Aetolia-Acarnania in the southwest, Evrytania in the west, Karditsa regional unit in the north, Larissa regional unit in the north, and Magnesia in the northeast. The name dates back to ancient times. It is best known as the home of Achilles.

Geography[edit]

Phthiotis covers the northern and southern shorelines of the Malian Gulf, an inlet of the Aegean Sea. It stretches inland towards the west along the valley of the river Spercheios. In the south it covers the upper part of the Cephissus valley. There are several mountain ranges in Phthiotis, including the Othrys in the northeast, the Tymfristos in the west, the Vardousia in the southwest, Oeta in the south and the Kallidromo in the southeast.

History[edit]

Phthiotis was a region of ancient Greece that covered the northern part of the present regional unit Phthiotis and the southern part of present Magnesia. The southeastern part of present Phthiotis was covered by the ancient region Locris, and the southwestern part was ancient Malis and Ainis.

The Spercheios valley was flooded in March 2005.

Transport[edit]

Administration[edit]

The regional unit Phthiotis is subdivided into 7 municipalities. These are (number as in the map in the infobox):[1]

Prefecture[edit]

The prefecture Phthiotis and Phocis was created in 1845. In 1947 this prefecture was split into the southern part Phocis and the northern part Phthiotis. As a part of the 2011 Kallikratis government reform, the regional unit Phthiotis was created out of the former prefecture Phthiotis (Greek: Νομός Φθιώτιδας). The prefecture had the same territory as the present regional unit. At the same time, the municipalities were reorganised, according to the table below.[1]

New municipality Old municipalities Seat
Amfikleia-Elateia Amfikleia Kato Tithorea
Elateia
Tithorea
Domokos Domokos Domokos
Thessaliotida
Xyniada
Lamia Lamia Lamia
Gorgopotamos
Leianokladi
Pavliani
Ypati
Lokroi Atalanti Atalanti
Dafnousia
Malesina
Opountia
Makrakomi Makrakomi Spercheiada
Agios Georgios Tymfristou
Spercheiada
Tymfristos
Molos-Agios Konstantinos Agios Konstantinos Kamena Vourla
Kamena Vourla
Molos
Stylida Stylida Stylida
Echinaioi
Pelasgia

Provinces[edit]

  • Province of Domokos - Domokos
  • Province of Phthiotis - Lamia
  • Province of Locris - Atalanti

Note: Provinces no longer hold any legal status in Greece.

Persons[edit]

Sporting teams[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Fthiotis at Wikimedia Commons