Phukha language

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Phukha
Phula
Native to China, Vietnam
Native speakers
10,0000  (2008–2011)[1]
Sino-Tibetan
Language codes
ISO 639-3 phh
Glottolog phuk1235[2]
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.

Phukha is one of the Loloish languages spoken by the Phula people of Vietnam and China.[3]

Phonology[edit]

Consonants[edit]

Phukha has the following consonants.[4]

Labial Coronal Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular
Central Lateral
Stops Aspirated
Voiceless p t k
Voiced b d ɡ
Affricates Aspirated tsʰ tɬʰ tʂʰ tʃʰ
Voiceless ts
Voiced
Fricatives Voiceless f s ɬ ʂ ʃ χ
Voiced v z ɮ ʐ ʒ ʁ
Voiced laryngealized v* z* ʒ*
Nasals m n ŋ
Approximants w l j

Vowels[edit]

Phukha has the following vowels.[4]

front central back
unrounded
back
rounded
High i ɨ ɯ u
Hi-Mid e ə o
Lo-Mid ɛ ʌ ɔ
Low a

Tones[edit]

Phukha has five tones:[4] high /˥/, mid /˧/, low /˨/, low-rising /˨˦/, and low-falling /˨˩/.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Phukha at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Phukha". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Raymond G. Gordon, Jr, ed. 2005. Ethnologue: Languages of the World. 15th edition. Dallas: Summer Institute of Linguistics.
  4. ^ a b c Pelkey 2005.

References[edit]

  • Robert Wayne Fried. 2000. "A Preliminary Phonological Sketch of Phu-kha, a Tibeto-Burman Language Spoken in Northern Vietnam," University of Texas at Arlington MA thesis.
  • Jamin R. Pelkey. 2005. "Puzzling over Phula: Toward the Synthesis and Statement of a Sub-Branch," Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area 28/2:41-78.