Jagannath temple, Phulbani
|Elevation||485 m (1,591 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Phulbani (proposed to be renamed 'Bouddha Kandhamal') is a town and a Municipality in Kandhamal district in the Indian state of Odisha. It is the administrative headquarters of Kandhamal district.
Phulbani is located at  It has an average elevation of 485 metres (1591 feet)..
It is located 211 km from Bhubaneshwar, the capital of Odisha and 165 km from Berhampur, the major city of South Odisha. Nearest railway station is Rairakhol around 100 km from here. The region around Phulbani has a variety of flora and fauna. It is a place surrounded by hills and has a lot of small and big waterfalls around it. Katramal Waterfall, the most spectacular of the lot is situated at a distance of about 31 km from Phulbani. Putudi Waterfall, a hot spot among the local people is situated at a distance of about 18 km from Phulbani. Pakdajhar waterfall is situated at a distance of about 3-5 km from Sudrukumpa, a small village which is situated about 19 km from the main city of Phulbani. Last but not the least, there is Urmagarh waterfall, which is close to 21 km from Phulbani. Phulbani is surrounded by River Salunki.
As of 2001[update] India census, Baudh Kandhamal had a population of 33,887. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Baudh Kandhamal has an average literacy rate of 76%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 83%, and female literacy is 68%. In Boudh Kandhamal, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Phulbani once associated with its virgin forests and peaceful tribal people.
Major landmarks in Phulbani are Lord Jagannath Temple, Madikunda Chaka, Govt. College, FCI, Stadium, Govt. Hospital (Medical), Collecterate office and Gopabandhu field (Coronation ground) for hosting annual events. Phulbani also has a Barrack for Odisha Reserve Police near river salunki.
Phulbani also has a Farm for research activities of Odisha Horticulture and research on silk moths. The farm host a varied collection of Guava Plants found rarely elsewhere. It is famous for the production of good quality turmeric.
River Pila Salunki is heart of this regions agriculture, but due to lack of water this region has never been a success with agriculture. Mostly the economy is centered around wild plants and herbs. Salunki river has been associated with lot of ghost stories, in tribal folks as it killed a lot of people and cattle in floods in the past. In the last major flood was in 1981. The dam a pilasalunki has been successful in arresting sudden gauss of rain water in rainy season. The dam at pilasalunki is also a great place for picnics.
The town has a Government college for intermediate, under graduate and post graduate studies. Some of the well known schools AJO High School (Estd.: 1904), Govt. Girls High School, Police High School, Sri Satya Sai High School, Public School (English Medium), Kendriya Vidyalaya, Carmel English Medium School, Saraswati Shishu Vidya Mandira and Sri Aurobindo Integral Education & Research Centre. Carmel school is founded by carmeliti sisters of Kerela,in 2001 the first batch of 10th pass out. Phulbani's oldest school AJO (Alfred James Olenbatch) High school was a Jail for central Odisha region during the British rule and was converted to a school soon after India got independent.
Current MLA from Phulbani (ST) Assembly Constituency is Sri. Debendra Kanhar of BJD, who won the seat in State elections in 2009. Other previous MLAs from this seat were Mr. Padmanabha Behera in 1990 and 2004, Bishnu Priya Behera who won this seat representing BJD in 2000, independent candidate Dasarathi Behera in 1995, Abhimanyu Behera of INC in 1985, Chandra Sekhar Behera of INC(I) in 1980 and Prahallad Behera of JNP in 1977.
- articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com: People oppose Phulbani name change attempts
- southorissa.blogspot.in: Phulbani town becomes Boudh-Kandhmal
- Kandhamal.html Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Baudh Kandhamal
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- "Assembly Constituencies - Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies of Odisha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-09-17.
- Sri. Debendra Kanhar
- "State Elections 2004 - Partywise Comparison for 104-Phulbani Constituency of Odisha". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-09-17.