Phunoi language

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Native to Laos
Region Phongsali Province
Ethnicity Phunoi
Native speakers
45,000  (1995–2000)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 phoinclusive code
Individual code:
lbg – Laopang
Glottolog phun1245[2]

Phunoi is a Loloish language (or languages) of Laos. Dialects are divergent and may be distinct languages; these are Black Khoany, White Khoany, Mung, Hwethom, Khaskhong. Bradley cites six languages within Phunoi.[3]

Laopang (law˧pan˩)[4] is a variety of Phunoi spoken in Laos,[5] not a separate language of Burma as described in Ethnologue.


  1. ^ Phunoi at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Laopang at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Phunoi". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Bradley, David (2007). "East and Southeast Asia". In Christopher Moseley, ed. Encyclopedia of the World's Endangered Languages. London and New York: Routledge.
  4. ^ Bradley, David (2007). "Language Endangerment in China and Mainland Southeast Asia". In Matthias Brenzinger, ed. Language diversity endangered. New York: Mouton de Gruyter.
  5. ^ David Bradley, "A Survey of language endangerment", in Austin & Sallabank, eds, (2011).The Cambridge Handbook of Endangered Languages, p. 72

Further Reading[edit]

Boute, Vanina. 2010. Names and Territoriality among the Phounoy: How the State creates Ethnic Group (Lao PDR), in C. Culas et F. Robinne (eds.), Inter-Ethnic Dynamics in Asia. Considering the Other through ethnonyms, territories and rituals, London: Routledge, pp. 79-99.