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Phyllostachys nigra
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Bambusoideae
Supertribe: Bambusodae
Tribe: Bambuseae
Subtribe: Shibataeinae
Genus: Phyllostachys
Siebold & Zucc.

Phyllostachys (/ˌfɪlɵˈstækɨs/[1] or /ˌfɪlɵˈstkɨs/[2]) is a genus of bamboo. The species are native to Asia with a large number of species found in Central China, but can now be found in many warm temperate and subtropical areas around the world as cultivated plants or escapes from cultivation. Most of the species spread aggressively by underground rhizomes.

The stem or culm has a prominent groove, called a sulcus, that runs along the length of each segment (or internode). Because of this it is one of the most easily identifiable genera of bamboo.

There are approximately 75 species and 200 varieties and cultivars of Phyllostachys. The largest grow to be about 100 feet (30 m) tall in optimum conditions. Some of the larger species, sometimes known as "timber bamboo", are used as construction timber and for making furniture.

The name Phyllostachys means "leaf spike" and refers to the inflorescences.[3]

Some of the smaller species can be grown as bonsai.



Fungi and pathogens growing specifically on Phyllostachys have phyllostachydis or phyllostachydicola species names.


Connecticut property owners are liable for the cost of removing Phyllostachys bamboo that grows onto neighboring property, any resulting damages, and fines of $100 per day for growing Phyllostachys bamboo near an adjoining property or public way without an effective barrier system. [4]

New York state has proposed regulations listing Phyllostachys aurea and Phyllostachys aureosulcata as prohibited invasive species. [5] [6]


  1. ^ "Pronunciation Guide for Plants". Retrieved 2012-07-11. 
  2. ^ "Pronunciation of phyllostachys". Retrieved 2012-07-11. 
  3. ^ Coombes, Allen J. (2012). The A to Z of plant names. USA: Timber Press. p. 312. ISBN 978-1-60469-196-2. 
  4. ^ "Connecticut General Statutes Title 22a Chapter 446i Section 22a-381e". Retrieved 2014-05-06. 
  5. ^ "Lands and Forests Emergency, Proposed & Recently Adopted Regulations". Retrieved 2014-05-06. 
  6. ^ "Proposed Regulations : 6 NYCRR Part 575 Prohibited and Regulated Invasive Species Express Terms". Retrieved 2014-05-06. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Phyllostachys at Wikimedia Commons