Phyllostachys

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Phyllostachys
Phyllostachys.jpg
Phyllostachys nigra
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Bambusoideae
Supertribe: Bambusodae
Tribe: Bambuseae
Subtribe: Shibataeinae
Genus: Phyllostachys
Siebold & Zucc.
Synonyms[1]

Sinoarundinaria Ohwi

Phyllostachys (/ˌfɪlɵˈstækɨs/[2] or /ˌfɪlɵˈstkɨs/[3]) is a genus of Asian bamboo in the grass family.[4][5][6] Many of the species found in Central China, with a few species in northern Indochina and in the Himalayas. Some of the species have become naturalized in parts of Europe, Asia, Australia, and the Americas.[7]

The stem or culm has a prominent groove, called a sulcus, that runs along the length of each segment (or internode). Because of this it is one of the most easily identifiable genera of bamboo. Most of the species spread aggressively by underground rhizomes.[7]

Some species of Phyllostachys grow to to 100 feet (30 m) tall in optimum conditions. Some of the larger species, sometimes known as "timber bamboo", are used as construction timber and for making furniture.[7]

The name Phyllostachys means "leaf spike" and refers to the inflorescences.[8]

Some of the smaller species can be grown as bonsai.

Species[9]
formerly included[1]

species now considered better suited to other genera: Bambusa Chimonobambusa Pseudosasa Semiarundinaria Shibataea

Ecology[edit]

Fungi and pathogens growing specifically on Phyllostachys have phyllostachydis or phyllostachydicola species epithets.

Regulations[edit]

Connecticut property owners are liable for the cost of removing Phyllostachys bamboo that grows onto neighboring property, any resulting damages, and fines of $100 per day for growing Phyllostachys bamboo near an adjoining property or public way without an effective barrier system. [10]

New York state has proposed regulations listing Phyllostachys aurea and Phyllostachys aureosulcata as prohibited invasive species. [11] [12]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Phyllostachys at Wikimedia Commons