Phyllostachys atrovaginata

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Phyllostachys atrovaginata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Genus: Phyllostachys
Species: P. atrovaginata
Binomial name
Phyllostachys atrovaginata
Phyllostachys atrovaginata
Traditional Chinese 烏芽竹
Simplified Chinese 乌芽竹

Phyllostachys atrovaginata is a running bamboo with strongly tapered stiff upright culms. It may reveal a fragrant scent during warm weather or when vigorously rubbed. [1] The common name of "Incense Bamboo" comes from the unique aroma. [2] Its culms grow large in diameter relative to height. [3] Maximum height can reach 10 meters (33 feet) with a maximum culm diameter of 7 cm (2.75 inches). [1] This bamboo grows in areas ranging from subtropical to temperate and tolerates winter temperatures down to -23°C (-10°F), [1] [2] being a more cold hardy bamboo. [4] Like water bamboo, the rhizomes and roots of this species also have air canals as an adaptation for living in wet soil. [1][2] The botanical Latin "atrovaginata" or "dark-sheathed" is inspired from the dark green and deep red wine colors of the culm sheaths. [1] Phyllostachys atrovaginata has formerly often been called Phyllostachys congesta. [1] [5]

Edible shoots can be harvested in springtime from this cultivated species, while the culms can be used split or unsplit for weaving or crafting bamboo articles. [5] [6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Daphne Lewis, Carol Miles. Farming Bamboo. Lulu.com. p. 128. ISBN 978-1-4357-0131-1. 
  2. ^ a b c "Phyllostachys atrovaginata". Retrieved 2008-05-17. 
  3. ^ "Phyllostachys atrovaginata". Retrieved 2008-05-17. 
  4. ^ "hardiness ratings". Retrieved 2008-05-17. 
  5. ^ a b "Phyllostachys atrovaginata Incense Bamboo". Retrieved 2008-05-17. 
  6. ^ "Phyllostachys atrovaginata in Flora of China". Retrieved 2008-05-17.