Phyllostachys nigra

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Phyllostachys nigra
Bambouseraie de Prafrance 20100904 009.jpg
Black bamboo in Bambouseraie de Prafrance at Générargues, Gard, Languedoc-Roussillon, France
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Bambusoideae
Supertribe: Bambusodae
Tribe: Bambuseae
Subtribe: Shibataeinae
Genus: Phyllostachys
Species: P. nigra
Binomial name
Phyllostachys nigra
(Lodd. ex Lindl.) Munro
Synonyms[1]
  • Arundinaria stolonifera Kurz
  • Bambos kurotake Siebold nom. inval.
  • Bambusa boryana Bean nom. inval.
  • Bambusa dichotoma Donn nom. inval.
  • Bambusa nigra Lodd. ex Lindl.
  • Bambusa nigricans Steud. nom. inval.
  • Bambusa nigropunctata Bean nom. inval.
  • Phyllostachys boryana Mitford
  • Phyllostachys filifera McClure
  • Phyllostachys fulva Mitford
  • Phyllostachys nana Rendle
  • Phyllostachys nigripes Hayata
  • Phyllostachys nigropunctata Mitford
  • Phyllostachys punctata (Bean) A.H.Lawson
  • Phyllostachys stolonifera Kurz ex Munro nom. inval.
  • Sinarundinaria nigra A.H.Lawson nom. inval.
  • Sinoarundinaria nigra (Lodd. ex Lindl.) Ohwi ex Mayeb.

Phyllostachys nigra, common name black bamboo,[2] is a species of flowering plant in the bamboo subfamily of the grass family Poaceae, native to Hunan Province of China, and widely cultivated elsewhere.[3]

Growing up to 5 m (16 ft) tall by 3 m (10 ft) broad, it forms clumps of slender arching canes which turn black after two or three seasons. The abundant lance-shaped leaves are 4–13 cm (2–5 in) long.

Numerous forms and cultivars are available for garden use. The species [4] and the form P. nigra f. henonis[5] have both gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. The form henonis is also known as Henon bamboo[5] and as cultivar 'Henon'.[6]

It is used for lumber (timber), food, and musical instruments, among other things, in areas of China where it is native and also worldwide. Unlike golden bamboo, it is not considered an invasive species in the United States.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". Retrieved 28 February 2015. 
  2. ^ "USDA GRIN Taxonomy". Retrieved 27 February 2015. 
  3. ^ Zheng-ping Wang and Chris Stapleton. "Phyllostachys nigra (Loddiges ex Lindley) Munro". Flora of China Online 22. 
  4. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Phyllostachys nigra". Retrieved 26 May 2013. 
  5. ^ a b "RHS Plant Selector - Phyllostachys nigra f. henonis". Retrieved 26 May 2013. 
  6. ^ "Bamboo Species Source List". American Bamboo Society. Retrieved 31 May 2014. 
  7. ^ Invasive Plants of the United States

External links[edit]