Phyllostachys nigra

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Phyllostachys nigra
Bambouseraie de Prafrance 20100904 009.jpg
Black bamboo in Bambouseraie de Prafrance at Générargues, Gard, Languedoc-Roussillon, France
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Bambusoideae
Supertribe: Bambusodae
Tribe: Bambuseae
Subtribe: Shibataeinae
Genus: Phyllostachys
Species: P. nigra
Binomial name
Phyllostachys nigra
(Lodd. ex Lindl.) Munro

Phyllostachys nigra, common name black bamboo, is a species of flowering plant in the bamboo subfamily of the grass family Poaceae, native to central and eastern China.

Growing up to 5 m (16 ft) tall by 3 m (10 ft) broad, it forms clumps of slender arching canes which turn black after two or three seasons. The abundant lance-shaped leaves are 4–13 cm (2–5 in) long.

Numerous forms and cultivars are available for garden use. The species [1] and the form P. nigra f. henonis[2] have both gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. The form henonis is also known as Henon bamboo[2] and as cultivar 'Henon'.[3]

It is used for lumber (timber), food, and musical instruments, among other things, in areas of China where it is native and also worldwide. Unlike golden bamboo, it is not considered an invasive species in the United States.[4] In Rwanda, it is being used to boost the economy[citation needed].

Cynaroside, orientin and vitexin have been found in P. nigra.


External links[edit]

Media related to Phyllostachys nigra at Wikimedia Commons