PhyloXML

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

PhyloXML is an XML language for the analysis, exchange, and storage of phylogenetic trees (or networks) and associated data.[1] The structure of phyloXML is described by XML Schema Definition (XSD) language.

A shortcoming of current formats for describing phylogenetic trees (such as Nexus and Newick/New Hampshire) is a lack of a standardized means to annotate tree nodes and branches with distinct data fields (which in the case of a basic species tree might be: species names, branch lengths, and possibly multiple support values). Data storage and exchange is even more cumbersome in studies in which trees are the result of a reconciliation of some kind:

  • gene-function studies (requires annotation of nodes with taxonomic information as well as gene names, and possibly gene-duplication data)
  • evolution of host-parasite interactions (requires annotation of tree nodes with taxonomic information for both host and parasite)
  • phylogeographic studies (requires annotation of tree nodes with taxonomic and geographic information)

To alleviate this, a variety of ad-hoc, special purpose formats have come into use (such as the NHX format, which focuses on the needs of gene-function and phylogenomic studies).

A well defined XML format addresses these problems in a general and extensible manner and allows for interoperability between specialized and general purpose software.

An example of a program for visualizing phyloXML is Archaeopteryx.

Basic phyloXML example[edit]

 <phyloxml xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
   xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.phyloxml.org http://www.phyloxml.org/1.10/phyloxml.xsd"
   xmlns="http://www.phyloxml.org">
   <phylogeny rooted="true">
      <name>example from Prof. Joe Felsenstein's book "Inferring Phylogenies"</name>
      <description>MrBayes based on MAFFT alignment</description>
      <clade>
         <clade branch_length="0.06">
            <confidence type="probability">0.88</confidence>
            <clade branch_length="0.102">
               <name>A</name>
            </clade>
            <clade branch_length="0.23">
               <name>B</name>
            </clade>
         </clade>
         <clade branch_length="0.4">
            <name>C</name>
         </clade>
      </clade>
   </phylogeny>
 </phyloxml>

References[edit]

  1. ^ Han, Mira V.; Zmasek, Christian M. (2009). "phyloXML: XML for evolutionary biology and comparative genomics". BMC Bioinformatics (United Kingdom: BioMed Central) 10: 356. doi:10.1186/1471-2105-10-356. PMC 2774328. PMID 19860910. 

External links[edit]