In logistics, the Physical Internet is an open global logistics system founded on physical, digital, and operational interconnectivity, through encapsulation, interfaces and protocols. The Physical Internet is intended to replace current logistical models. The project currently has funding from the National Science Foundation as well as contributions from MHIA and CICMHE.
The Physical Internet Initiative's manifesto is "Transforming the way physical objects are handled, moved, stored, realized, supplied and used, aiming towards global logistics efficiency and sustainability." It attempts to achieve this by applying concepts from internet data transfer to real-world shipping processes.
Establishing the logistics system gain efficiency of the Physical Internet was the focus of a research project funded by the U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF) and conducted in the Center for Excellence in Logistics and Distribution (CELDi). The project found that the expected annual benefits of the Physical Internet, if adopted in the U.S., would be: a reduction in costs of over $100B, a reduction in CO2 emissions of over 200 Tg, and a reduction in driver turnover of up to 75% . 
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- Montreuil, Benoit. "Towards a Physical Internet: Meeting the Global Logistics Sustainability Grand Challenge". CIRRELT. Retrieved Feb 13, 2013.
- Montreuil, Benoit. http://tedxtalks.ted.com/video/Benoit-Montreuil-at-TEDxBuchare
- Trebilcock, Bob. "Physical Internet Initiative: Pipedream or possibility?", Logistics Management magazine, 1 March 2012. Retrieved on 12 February 2013.
- Andel, Tom. "Supply Chain Managers Get Physical with the Internet", Material Handling & Logistics, February 2012. Retrieved on 12 February 2013.
- Meller, Russell D., Ellis, Kimberly P. "From Horizontal Collaboration to the Physical Internet: Quantifying the Effects on Sustainability and Profits When Shifting to Interconnected Logistics Systems","CELDi Physical Internet Project", September 2012. Retrieved on 18 June 2013.