Phyteuma

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Rampion
Phyteuma globulariifolium.jpg
Phyteuma globulariifolium
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Campanulaceae
Genus: Phyteuma
L.
Synonyms[1]

Rapunculus Mill.

Phyteuma is a genus of flowering plants in the family Campanulaceae, native to Europe and Morocco.[1][2][3]

The common name is Rampion, a name shared with the related plant Campanula rapunculus. Rampion features prominently in some versions of the fairy tale Rapunzel. In the version collected by the Brothers Grimm, it is said that "rapunzel" is the name given to a local variety of rampion.

The species are herbaceous perennial plants, growing to 5–90 cm tall. The leaves are alternate, petiolate, and vary in shape on a single plant, with larger, broader leaves at the base of the stem and smaller, narrower leaves higher up; the leaf margin is serrated. The flowers are produced in dense erect panicles, each flower with a narrow, deeply five-lobed corolla, 1–2 cm or more long), mostly purple, sometimes pale blue, white or pink. The fruit is a capsule containing numerous small seeds.

Species[edit]

  1. Phyteuma × adulterinum - Germany, Czech Republic (P. nigrum × P. spicatum)
  2. Phyteuma betonicifolium - Alps
  3. Phyteuma charmelii - Morocco, Spain, France, Italy
  4. Phyteuma confusum - Austria, Balkans
  5. Phyteuma cordatum - French and Italian Alps
  6. Phyteuma gallicum - France
  7. Phyteuma globulariifolium - Pyrenees, Alps
  8. Phyteuma hedraianthifolium Switzerland, northern Italy
  9. Phyteuma hemisphaericum - Spain, France, Switzerland, Germany, Austria
  10. Phyteuma humile - France, Italy
  11. Phyteuma × huteri Murr - Austrian Alps (P. betonicifolium × P. ovatum)
  12. Phyteuma michelii - France, Italy
  13. Phyteuma nigrum - Black Rampion - France, Belgium, Germany, Czech Republic, Austria
  14. Phyteuma × obornyanum - Austrian Alps (P. confusum × P. globulariifolium)
  15. Phyteuma orbiculare - Round-headed Rampion - most of Europe except Ireland, Scandinavia, Greece, Bulgaria
  16. Phyteuma × orbiculariforme - Czech Republic (P. nigrum × P. orbiculare)
  17. Phyteuma ovatum - Pyrenees, Alps
  18. Phyteuma persicifolium - Slovenia, Austria, Trentino-Alto Adige, Veneto, Friuli-Venezia Giulia
  19. Phyteuma × pyrenaeum Sennen - French Pyrenees (P. ovatum × P. spicatum)
  20. Phyteuma rupicola - French Pyrenees
  21. Phyteuma scheuchzeri - Alps; naturalised in Great Britain
  22. Phyteuma scorzonerifolium Vill. - Alps
  23. Phyteuma serratum Viv. - Corsica
  24. Phyteuma sieberi - Alps
  25. Phyteuma spicatum - Spiked Rampion - most of Europe
  26. Phyteuma tetramerum - Carpathians of Romania and Ukraine
  27. Phyteuma vagneri - Carpathians of Romania and Ukraine
  28. Phyteuma zahlbruckneri

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ Lammers, T.G. (2007). World checklist and bibliography of Campanulaceae: 1-675. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  3. ^ Altervista Flora Italiana, genere Phyteuma