Phytoseiulus

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Phytoseiulus
DSC05872 British Spiders, Phytoseiulus persimilis.jpg
Phytoseiulus persimilis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Arachnida
Subclass: Acari
Superorder: Parasitiformes
Order: Mesostigmata
Family: Phytoseiidae
Subfamily: Amblyseiinae
Genus: Phytoseiulus
Evans, 1952

Phytoseiulus is a genus of mites in the Phytoseiidae family.[1] A predatory mite this is the most frequently used mite predator to control two-spotted spider mites in greenhouses and outdoor crops grown in mild environments. Adult females are approximately 0.5 mm long, reddish in color, pear shaped and active at room temperature, Immatures & males are smaller and lighter in color. Eggs are oblong. About 80% are females. At optimum temperatures Phytoseiidae can develop from egg to adult in 7 days and live for up to 1 month. A well-fed female will lay about 50 eggs in her lifetime. Prey consumption is up to 7 adult spider mites or 20 eggs per day.[2] The ecological impact of introducing a foreign organism into a naive biosphere remains untested.

Environment[edit]

Ideal temperature range is 70–85°F (20–30°C) with relative humidity of 70–80% inside the plant canopy. Minimum temperature for activity is 50°F (10°C). This predator does best when humidity is 60% or higher with a temperature range of 55–105°F.[3]

Biology[edit]

(typical values @ 68–77°F) sex ratio: 4 females/male
average eggs laid per day: 2.4
lifespan: 30–36 days - days from egg to adult: 7.5
average eggs per female: 54
population increase = 44 x in generation time of 17 days
prey consumed per day: 7 adults, 20 immatures or 25 eggs
[4]

Species[edit]

  • Phytoseiulus fragariae Denmark & Schicha, 1983
  • Phytoseiulus longipes Evans, 1958
  • Phytoseiulus macropilis (Banks, 1904)
  • Phytoseiulus persimilis Athias-Henriot, 1957
  • Phytoseiulus riegeli Dosse, 1958
  • Phytoseiulus robertsi (Baker, 1990)
  • Phytoseiulus tardi (Lombardini, 1959)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gilberto Jose de Moraes (2005). "Phytoseiidae Species Listing". Biology Catalog. Texas A&M University. Retrieved August 19, 2010. 
  2. ^ Hydro-Gardens. "hydro-gardens Mite Control". Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  3. ^ Hydro-Gardens. "hydro-gardens Mite Control". Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  4. ^ Hydro-Gardens. "Persimilis Release Instructions". Pest Control. Retrieved February 9, 2012.