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Phytosemiotics is a branch of biosemiotics that studies the sign processes in plants, or more broadly, the vegetative semiosis. Vegetative semiosis is a type of sign processes that occurs at cellular and tissue level, including cellular recognition, plant perception, plant signal transduction, intercellular communication, immunological processes, etc.

The term 'phytosemiotics' has been introduced by Martin Krampen in 1981.


  • Krampen, Martin 1981. Phytosemiotics. Semiotica 36(3/4): 187–209.
  • Krampen, Martin 1992. Phytosemiotics revisited. In: Sebeok, Thomas A.; Umiker-Sebeok, Jean (eds.), Biosemiotics: The Semiotic Web 1991. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 213–219.
  • Kull, Kalevi 2000. An introduction to phytosemiotics: Semiotic botany and vegetative sign systems. Sign Systems Studies 28: 326-350.

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