Pi1 Ursae Majoris

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For other stars with this name, see Pi Ursae Majoris and Muscida.
Pi1 Ursae Majoris
Diagram showing star positions and boundaries of the Centaurus constellation and its surroundings
Cercle rouge 100%.svg

Location of π¹ Ursae Majoris (circled)
Observation data
Epoch J2000      Equinox J2000
Constellation Ursa Major
Right ascension 08h 39m 11.70440s[1]
Declination +65° 01′ 15.2667″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) 5.63
Characteristics
Spectral type G1.5Vb[2]
U−B color index +0.07[3]
B−V color index +0.62[3]
Variable type BY Draconis
Astrometry
Radial velocity (Rv) –13.88 ± 0.47[4] km/s
Proper motion (μ) RA: -27.44 ± 0.31[1] mas/yr
Dec.: +88.13 ± 0.26[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π) 69.66 ± 0.37[1] mas
Distance 46.8 ± 0.2 ly
(14.36 ± 0.08 pc)
Absolute magnitude (MV) 4.86
Details
Mass 0.90[5] M
Luminosity 0.97[6] L
Surface gravity (log g) 4.48[7] cgs
Temperature 5,884 ± 6.8[8] K
Metallicity [Fe/H] –0.04[7] dex
Rotation 5 days[9]
Rotational velocity (v sin i) 14.27[4] km/s
Age 200[10] Myr
Other designations
π¹ Ursae Majoris, π¹ UMa, Pi1 UMa, 3 Ursae Majoris, BD +65°643, GC 11817, HD 72905, HIP 42438, HR 3391, PPM 16705, SAO 14609.

Pi1 Ursae Majoris (Pi1 UMa, π¹ Ursae Majoris, π¹ UMa) is a yellow G-type main sequence dwarf with a mean apparent magnitude of +5.63. It is approximately 46.8 light years from Earth,[1] and is a relatively young star with an age of about 200 million years.[10] It is classified as a BY Draconis type variable star and its brightness varies by 0.08 magnitudes. In 1986, it became the first solar-type star to have the emission from an X-ray flare observed.[11] Based upon its space velocity components, this star is a member of the Ursa Major moving group of stars that share a common motion through space.[6][9]

An excess of infrared radiation has been detected from this system, which suggests the presence of a debris disk. The best fit to the data indicates that there is a ring of fine debris out to a radius of about 0.4 AU, consisting of 0.25 μm grains of amorphous silicates or crystalline forsterite. There may also be a wider ring of larger (10 μm) grains out to a distance of 16 AU.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f van Leeuwen, Floor (2007). Hipparcos, the new Reduction of the Raw data. Astrophysics and Space Science Library 350. Bibcode:2007A&A...474..653V. ISBN 978-1-4020-6341-1.  Note: see VizieR catalogue I/311.
  2. ^ Montes, D. et al. (November 2001), "Late-type members of young stellar kinematic groups - I. Single stars", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 328 (1): 45–63, arXiv:astro-ph/0106537, Bibcode:2001MNRAS.328...45M, doi:10.1046/j.1365-8711.2001.04781.x 
  3. ^ a b Johnson, H. L. et al. (1966), "UBVRIJKL photometry of the bright stars", Communications of the Lunar and Planetary Laboratory 4 (99), Bibcode:1966CoLPL...4...99J 
  4. ^ a b White, Russel J.; Gabor, Jared M.; Hillenbrand, Lynne A. (June 2007), "High-Dispersion Optical Spectra of Nearby Stars Younger Than the Sun", The Astronomical Journal 133 (6): 2524–2536, arXiv:0706.0542, Bibcode:2007AJ....133.2524W, doi:10.1086/514336 
  5. ^ Shaya, Ed J.; Olling, Rob P. (January 2011), "Very Wide Binaries and Other Comoving Stellar Companions: A Bayesian Analysis of the Hipparcos Catalogue", The Astrophysical Journal Supplement 192 (1): 2, arXiv:1007.0425, Bibcode:2011ApJS..192....2S, doi:10.1088/0067-0049/192/1/2 
  6. ^ a b Gaidos, E. J.; Henry, G. W.; Henry, S. M. (August 2000), "Spectroscopy and Photometry of Nearby Young Solar Analogs", The Astronomical Journal 120 (2): 1006–1013, Bibcode:2000AJ....120.1006G, doi:10.1086/301488 
  7. ^ a b Cenarro, A. J. et al. (January 2007), "Medium-resolution Isaac Newton Telescope library of empirical spectra - II. The stellar atmospheric parameters", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 374 (2): 664–690, arXiv:astro-ph/0611618, Bibcode:2007MNRAS.374..664C, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2006.11196.x 
  8. ^ Kovtyukh, V. V. et al. (2003), "High precision effective temperatures for 181 F-K dwarfs from line-depth ratios", Astronomy and Astrophysics 411 (3): 559–564, arXiv:astro-ph/0308429, Bibcode:2003A&A...411..559K, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20031378 
  9. ^ a b Maldonado, J. et al. (October 2010), "A spectroscopy study of nearby late-type stars, possible members of stellar kinematic groups", Astronomy and Astrophysics 521: A12, arXiv:1007.1132, Bibcode:2010A&A...521A..12M, doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201014948 
  10. ^ a b Mamajek, Eric E.; Hillenbrand, Lynne A. (November 2008), "Improved Age Estimation for Solar-Type Dwarfs Using Activity-Rotation Diagnostics", The Astrophysical Journal 687 (2): 1264–1293, arXiv:0807.1686, Bibcode:2008ApJ...687.1264M, doi:10.1086/591785 
  11. ^ Landini, M. et al. (March 1986), "EXOSAT detection of an X-ray flare from the solar type star Pi-prime UMa", Astronomy and Astrophysics 157 (2): 217–222, Bibcode:1986A&A...157..217L 
  12. ^ Beichman, C. A. et al. (2006), "IRS Spectra of Solar-Type Stars: A Search for Asteroid Belt Analogs", The Astrophysical Journal 639 (2): 1166–1176, arXiv:astro-ph/0601467, Bibcode:2006ApJ...639.1166, doi:10.1086/499424 

External links[edit]