Pi Kappa Alpha
|Pi Kappa Alpha|
|Founded||March 1, 1868
University of Virginia
|Vision statement||"To set the standard of integrity, intellect, and achievement for our members, host institutions, and the communities in which we live"|
|Motto||"Once a Pike, Always a Pike"|
|Colors||Garnet Old Gold|
|Symbol||The Oak Tree, Shield & Diamond, White Horse, Dagger & Key|
|Flower||Lily of the Valley|
|Publication||Shield and Diamond|
|Headquarters||8347 West Range Cove
Memphis, Tennessee, United States
Pi Kappa Alpha (ΠΚΑ) is a North American Greek letter college fraternity which was founded in 1868. The fraternity has over 220 chapters and colonies with 14,000 undergraduate members and 250,000 lifetime initiates. Pi Kappa Alpha was originally a whites-only Southern organization, but became a national fraternity in 1909, and removed its racial restrictions in 1964.
Pi Kappa Alpha was founded March 1, 1868, at the University of Virginia, by Robertson Howard, Julian Edward Wood, James Benjamin Sclater Jr., Frederick Southgate Taylor, Littleton Waller Tazewell Bradford and William Alexander. On March 1, 1869, exactly one year after the Alpha Chapter at the University of Virginia was formed, the Beta Chapter of Pi Kappa Alpha was founded at Davidson College. Theta Chapter, at Rhodes College, took over the responsibilities of Alpha chapter when the Fraternity was in decline in its infancy. John Shaw Foster, a junior founder from Theta Chapter, helped to reestablish Alpha Chapter at the University of Virginia. Theta Chapter is the longest continual running chapter of Pi Kappa Alpha since its inception in 1878. After almost a decade of decline, Pi Kappa Alpha was "re-founded" as part of the Hampden-Sydney Convention, held in a dorm room at Hampden–Sydney College. The four delegates to the Hampden-Sydney Convention are referred to as the Junior Founders. Pi Kappa Alpha was not originally organized as a sectional fraternity, however by constitutional provision it became so in 1889. It remained a southern fraternity until the New Orleans Convention in 1909 when Pi Kappa Alpha officially declared itself a national organization.
Originally, Pi Kappa Alpha's membership was restricted to white men, but this restriction was removed in 1964. Pi Kappa Alpha's move to start a chapter at the historically black Howard University in 2006 was opposed by many students and alumni due to this discriminatory history as well as racist incidents in 1999 at Auburn University and 2004 at Georgia State University.[undue weight? ]
Shield & Diamond
Shield & Diamond is the official quarterly publication of Pi Kappa Alpha. It was first printed in December 1890 by Robert Adger Smythe, the then Grand Secretary and Treasurer, under the name The Pi Kappa Alpha Journal. The name was changed to Shield & Diamond in 1891.
Foundation and educational programs
Pike University is the name used for all of the fraternity's leadership programs. The program is administered by the fraternity's professional staff.
The Pike Foundation
In 1948, Pi Kappa Alpha established and chartered the "Pi Kappa Alpha Memorial Foundation" as a non-profit organization. The Pike Foundation provides funding to the fraternity and its chapters for leadership programs, scholarships, and chapter house facilities. The Pike Foundation also maintains and operates the Memorial Headquarters in Memphis, Tennessee. This facility houses professional staffs, the Harvey T. Newell Library, and the Freeman Hart Museum. The building is a war memorial built in 1988 to recognize the military services of members who died in the line of duty. A Gold Star Memorial was dedicated on August 1, 2008.
- Pi Kappa Alpha Fraternity. "Fast Facts". Retrieved 11 July 2011.
- Hughey, Matthew W (Win–Spr 2006). "Black, White, Greek...Like Who?: Howard University Student Perceptions of a White Fraternity on Campus". Educational Foundations 20 (1-2): 9–35. Retrieved 5 January 2013.
- Craig LaRon Torbenson, Gregory S. Parks (2009). Brothers and Sisters: Diversity in College Fraternities and Sororities. Associated University Presse. p. 261.
- Pi Kappa Alpha Fraternity. "Founding History". Retrieved 11 July 2011.
- Beta Chapter, Pi Kappa Alpha Fraternity. "A History of Beta". Retrieved 11 July 2011.
- Baird's Manual of American College Fraternities, 1920 Edition, page 306
- Garnet & Gold Pledge Guide (15th ed.). Pi Kappa Alpha Fraternity. 1970.
- Conspiracy Theory & Secret Societies
- Pi Kappa Alpha Fraternity. "About Pike University". Retrieved 11 July 2011.
- Folmsbee, Stanley (1960). History of Tennessee , Volume 4. Lewis Historical Publishing Company. p. 838.
- Pi Kappa Alpha Fraternity. "About Memorial Headquarters". Retrieved 11 July 2011.
- United States of America Congressional Record 111th Congress, Vol. 155 - Part 7. Government of United States. 2009. p. 9673.