Piano Trio No. 3 (Schumann)
- Bewegt, doch nicht zu rasch in G minor, in 6/8 time (with tempo dotted quarter notes 63 to the minute). In sonata form.
- Ziemlich langsam in E-flat major, in 12/8 time and tempo 116 eighth notes to the minute.
- Rasch in C minor, in 2/4 time and 138 quarter notes to the minute. A scherzo with two trios, with a tempo marking of Etwas zurückhaltend bis zm langsameren Tempo leading into the first trio, in C major with an upward chromatic theme, and a second trio in A-flat major which is more markedly rhythmic and diatonic in character.
- Kräftig, mit Humor in G major, in common (4/4) time and 104 quarter notes to the minute. There is a prominent episode in this rondo which quotes the C major trio from the scherzo (now in D major).
The work was written in Düsseldorf, and first rehearsed there in mid-November 1851. It was first performed publicly in Leipzig in 1852 and dedicated to Niels Gade. It was not given its first Carnegie Hall performance in New York City until 1958, by the Trio di Bolzano.
This year was a busy one for Schumann, in which he also revised his 1841 symphony in D minor, and wrote his first two violin sonatas, a number of songs and choral works including Der Rose Pilgerfahrt, and also composed his overtures Julius Caesar and Hermann und Dorothea.
- Schumann: Piano Trios 1 & 3 (no. 1 Op. 63, no. 3 Op. 110); The Benvenue Fortepiano Trio; Avie Records, AV 2210, 2010.
- Schumann: Piano Trios, Israel Piano Trio, CRD 2413