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Piatra-Olt is a town in Olt County, Romania. The town administers five villages: Bistriţa Nouă, Criva de Jos, Criva de Sus, Enoşeşti and Piatra. The town is an important railway station and road intersection.
|Source: Census data|
In Antiquity, the local Dacic population built a fortress, Acidava. The Romans conquered the area. The Romans built a road and rebuilt the fortress Acidava. The ruins of the fortress can be seen even today. The area was still inhabited after the retreat of the Roman legios.
- Bistriţa Nouă is first atested in 1835. The name comes from the Bistriţa Monastery. The land where is the village today was the property of the monastery. The village was also called Fleştenoagele or Fleşcinogele.
- Criva, also known as Criva de Jos, was atested on May 26, 1630, as a property of a local boyar, jupan Gorgan biv vel spătar. Part of the village is known as Criva de Sus since 1940. This is the village that hosts the ruins of the Dacic fortress, Acidava.
- Enoseşti, also known as Ienuşeşti, Ienoşeşti, was officially formed on March 31, 1864, as an independent commune The first notices about the village comes from 1814. This is the village that hosts the Roman fortress Acidava.
- Piatra is noticed for the first time in April 14, 1529, as the place where an important boyar, marele ban Pârvu Craioves-cu died. On May 15, 1592, Ştefan Surdu voievod, rooler over Valahia at that time, confirmes that Piatra and several villages around it, are the property of jupâniţa Neacsa si fiului ei Mihail (local boyars). Part of the village appear through history as Piatra de Jos and Piatra de Sus.
- There are also some village names that are sometimes mentioned, but are no longer used today, like Flestenoaga (1941), Jegălia (17th century) and Matei Basarab (an official name of Enoşeşti).
In 1878, the railroad Piteşti - Vîrciorova was operational and the railway station Piatra Olt (known at that time as Piatra) was built. This was the biginning of the modern history of the town, as a railway town. Later, other railways were built, along the Olt river.
Piatra Olt was officilally declared a town in 1989.
The town is situated in the Central-Eastern part of the Romanian Plain, at the eastern border of Oltenia historical provence and in the western part of the Olt County. The nearby towns are in East: Slatina (11 km), Piteşti (93 km); to West: Balş (19 km), Craiova (45 km); to North: Drăgăşani (31 km), Râmnicu Vâlcea (86 km) and to South Caracal (33 km)) and Corabia (74 km)). Note that these are intermediate values between road and railway distances.
The main village, Piatra, is placed near the train station and expands to South-East. It is divided into two parts: the eastern part (named Piatra Sat by the locals) and the western part, near the station, called Gară (in English, station). Enoşeşti is placed East from Piatra, on the 64 national road and is the road access way to Piatra. Criva is placed South-East from Piatra and has a small railway station. Bistriţa Nouă is at North from Piatra, at 2 km by foot and more than 7 km by road.
The town is at the North-Eastern end of the Romanaţi Plain. The average altitude is 100 to 120 meters. Despite the relatively high altitude and a big number of valleis and smooth hills, the aria is very good for agriculture. The town is placed near the Olt River, on a terrace that protects it from floods. There are several dams on the river. There are some other small rivers, that sometimes dry up in summer, like Vaslui and Oltişor. They are all tributaries of the Olt and are formed near Piatra Olt.
Like all the southern part of Romania, Piatra Olt has a temperate climate. Usually, summers are hot and with little precipitations, while winters have moderate temperatures, with occasional wind intensifications. Sometimes, snow can cause several blockades on the roads and railways.
The main way to get to Piatra Olt is by train. There are 4 railways that lead to Piatra Olt:
- 201 railway connects Piatra Olt with Sibiu and Râmnicu Vâlcea (note that the train station is named Rîmnicu Vîlcea because the train sstations are wrote with î and not with â).
- 901 railway (eastern part) connects Piatra Olt with the towns Slatina, Piteşti and Bucharest.
- 901 railway (western part) continues the eastern sector from Piatra Olt to Craiova. Several trains passes from Bucharest to Craiova, while others have the last station at Piatra Olt.
- 910 railway connects Piatra Olt with Caracal and Corabia. The sector between Caracal and Corabia is used by a private railway company.
The town is also an important road intersection. The intersection is in fact in the nearby commune, Găneasa. The access way to Piatra Olt is the county road DJ 677. There are 5 km from Piatra Olt to Găneasa on the road and only 2 km on a sharp line. All national roads are asphalted, while the county road is a concrete road, like other smaller roads in the town. The roads follow nearly the same path like the railways:
- The national road DN 64 connects to South Găneasa witn Caracal and Corabia. To North, it continues to Rânicu Vâlcea.
- The national road DN 65, also known as E 574 (European road) connects Găneasa to East with Piteşti and to West to Craiova.
The main occupation is related to the railway maintenance and transportation. There are 66 trains traveling every day through the station. However, Agriculture is well represented (large-scale agriculture with grain and corn fields, fishing and pomiculture) There are big companies that work in the agricole sector. The Industry is based on textiles, metallic and concrete products, alimentar industry and a wood mill. There are a lot of firms that have their headquarters in other places but develop business in Piatra Olt.
The institutions are placed near the train station. The town hall is on Florilor street, not far from the police station. Every village except Bistriţa Nouă has its own church. There is also an Adventist church. There are schools and a high school.
The town has a stadium and a football team. There is a park with a musical fountain. There is a small market and there are small shops that provide goods for the local population, including human and veterinarian pharmaceutical points.
There are many touristic objectives that can be seen in the town. The following objectives can be visited in a few hours, so a traveller can see them while waiting to catch a train.
- The ruins of Acidava are still visible. Many artefacts can be seen at the local museum or at the Olt County Museum in Slatina.
- The local museum contains artefacts from Acidava fortress and has a section about the railroad history. The museum is not far from the train station.
- The haunted house of Piatra Olt is a ruin of an old boyar house, where people say there are ghosts.
- Piatra Olt railroad complex includes a vast number of buildings, aligned along the railway. The most impressive and old is the trainyard.
There are other touristic objectives that can be seen nearby:
- The Olt River, with its large artificial lakes, is an important destination for fishing and a beautiful landscape. There are also several fishing lakes around the town.
- The Brâncoveni Monastery is 15 km to the South, with both access by road and railway.
- Piatra Olt is the gateway to many touristic destinations, like Călimăneşti, a resort station on the Olt river.
- Romanian census data, 2002; retrieved on March 1, 2010
- (Romanian) "Piatra-Olt", at the Erdélyi Magyar Adatbank's Recensământ 2002; retrieved September 22, 2011
- olt.einformatii.ro › Informatii utile › Institutii de stat
- http://www.calificativ.ro › Ghid de scoli
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