|Mesoregion||Zona da Mata|
|• Total||73.891 sq mi (191.378 km2)|
|Time zone||UTC -3|
At the end of the eighteenth century, those who had been involved in the Inconfidência Mineira were heavily persecuted by the Portuguese Crown. These men (among them was Francisco José da Silva, uncle of Tiradentes) became fugitives searching for new places to make a new life.
The place they found was set in a vast forest by a river which rises in the Serra da Mantiqueira. The settlers gave this river the name of Rio Piau because of a large amount of fish of this species (leporinus piau?).
The first chapel was built in honour of the Holy Spirit, and the town was named Divino Espírito Santo de Piau. In place of the old chapel there is now the parish church of the Holy Spirit considered one of the most beautiful churches in the Zona da Mata[by whom?].
The District was created on July 22, 1868. belonging to the municipalities of Ouro Preto, Barbacena, Mar de Espanha, Rio Pomba, Juiz de Fora, São João Nepomuceno and Rio Novo. On December 12, 1953 Piau became a municipality in its own right.
The municipality is small but rich in natural beauty. The main attractions are the beautiful countryside, the church, old houses and farms, and since 1984 the banana festival which nowadays occurs annually in the second week of July.
The principal crop is banana and the greater part of the production is sold in Juiz de Fora and its locality.
- "Divisão Territorial do Brasil" (in Portuguese). Divisão Territorial do Brasil e Limites Territoriais, Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE). July 1, 2008. Retrieved December 17, 2009.
- "Estimativas da população para 1º de julho de 2009" (PDF) (in Portuguese). Estimativas de População, Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE). August 14, 2009. Retrieved December 17, 2009.
- "Ranking decrescente do IDH-M dos municípios do Brasil" (in Portuguese). Atlas do Desenvolvimento Humano, Programa das Nações Unidas para o Desenvolvimento (PNUD). 2000. Retrieved December 17, 2009.
- "Produto Interno Bruto dos Municípios 2002-2005" (in Portuguese). Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE). December 19, 2007. Retrieved December 17, 2009.
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