Piazza della Loggia bombing
|Piazza della Loggia bombing|
Piazza della Loggia, located in the town of Brescia in Lombardy
|Date||May 28, 1974|
|Suspected perpetrator||Delfo Zorzi|
The Piazza della Loggia bombing was a bombing that took place on the morning of 28 May 1974, in Brescia, Italy during an anti-fascist protest. The terrorist attack killed eight people and wounded over 100. The bomb was placed inside a rubbish bin at the east end of the piazza.
The first judicial investigation led to the condemnation in 1979 of a member of the Brescian far-right movement. However, this first sentence was cancelled in 1983 and the suspect acquitted in 1985 by the Supreme Court of Cassation. A second investigation led to the accusation of another far-right activist, who was acquitted in 1989 because of insufficient evidence. A third investigation is still ongoing. On 19 May 2005, the Court of Cassation confirmed an arrest warrant against Delfo Zorzi, a former member of the Ordine Nuovo neo-fascist group, who had previously been tried but acquitted of involvement in the 1969 Piazza Fontana bombing which marked the beginning of the so-called "strategy of tension" in Italy. Carlo Maria Maggi and Maurizio Tramonte, both members of Ordine Nuovo are also suspected of involvement in the Piazza della Loggia bombing. The presence of Tramonte in the place at the time of the blast has been confirmed in 2008 by the results of an anthropological forensic test on a picture taken that day.
- Giulietta Banzi Bazoli
- Livia Bottardi Milani
- Euplo Natali
- Luigi Pinto
- Bartolomeo Talenti
- Alberto Trebeschi
- Clementina Calzari Trebeschi
- Vittorio Zambarda
2000 report alleging US intelligence involvement
A 2000 parliamentary report by the Olive Tree coalition claimed "that US intelligence agents were informed in advance about several rightwing terrorist bombings, including the December 1969 Piazza Fontana bombing in Milan and the Piazza della Loggia bombing in Brescia five years later, but did nothing to alert the Italian authorities or to prevent the attacks from taking place. It also [alleged] that Pino Rauti [current leader of the Social Idea Movement ], a journalist and founder of the far-right Ordine Nuovo subversive organisation, received regular funding from a press officer at the US embassy in Rome. 'So even before the 'stabilising' plans that Atlantic circles had prepared for Italy became operational through the bombings, one of the leading members of the subversive right was literally in the pay of the American embassy in Rome,' the report says.
- (Italian) Strage di piazza della Loggia, spunta la foto choc della strage La Repubblica. 30 August 2008
- US 'supported anti-left terror in Italy', The Guardian, 24 June 2000
- Note: the reference fails to cite the name of the press officer in the US embassy.