Piazza della Transalpina
Nova Gorica railway station and the middle of the square
|Location|| Gorizia, Italy
Nova Gorica, Slovenia
Piazza della Transalpina (Italian for "Transalpine Square"), or Trg Evrope (Slovene for "Europe Square"), is a square divided between the towns of Gorizia, Italy, and Nova Gorica, Slovenia. The railway station of Nova Gorica is located at the eastern end of the square, in Slovenian side.
From 1947 (Treaty of Paris) until 2007 the square was divided by an international border between Italy and Yugoslavia (Slovenia since 1991). Crossed by a border wall until 2004, movement on the square is now free because both Italy and Slovenia are EU members and parts of the Schengen Area. Before 21 December 2007, free movement was only allowed within the square provided that a person that entered the square from one country returned to that country. An approved border crossing was located 100 m from the square. It is now no longer needed and has not been in use since 2007.
The square, in which is located Nova Gorica station, until 1947 Gorizia Montesanto, was named after the Transalpine Railway, Jesenice-Trieste. The naming of the square is somewhat controversial because Slovenia suggested "Europe Square", but Italy has preferred to use the old historical name Piazza della Transalpina.
In the Slovenian side the square is crossed, parallelly to the station building, by a road named "Kolodvorska pot". The partly parallel Italian road is "Via Ugo Foscolo", that continues as "Via Caterina Percoto". Always on the Italian side, "Via Giuseppe Caprin", that starts in "Via Montesanto" ends in front of the station.
In summers, the square is regularly used for concerts, public meetings, and public demonstrations or protests against local politics or current events.
Metal plaque installed in 2004 in the middle of the square at the border point, once crossed by the "Gorizia Wall"
- (German) Transalpina Railway on web.archive.org
- Transalpina Railway (Ministry of Culture of Slovenia website)
- (Italian) Tram network of Gorizia: article on itwiki
- (Italian) Piazza della Transalpina and Nova Gorica station on Gorizia municipal website
- (Slovene) Trg Evrope (Office of Tourism of Nova Gorica)
- (Slovene) Tgr Evrope on kraji.eu
- "The last wall dividing East and West comes down": article on The Independent
- (Italian) Piazza della Transalpina (Office of Tourism of Friuli-Venezia Giulia)
Media related to Piazza della Transalpina at Wikimedia Commons