Piccadilly Circus tube station
Location of Piccadilly Circus in Central London
|Local authority||City of Westminster|
|Managed by||London Underground|
|Number of platforms||4|
|London Underground annual entry and exit|
|Lists of stations|
|London Transport portalCoordinates:|
Piccadilly Circus tube station is the London Underground station located directly beneath Piccadilly Circus itself, with entrances at every corner. Located in Travelcard Zone 1, the station is on the Piccadilly Line between Green Park and Leicester Square and on the Bakerloo line between Charing Cross and Oxford Circus.
The station was opened on 10 March 1906 by the Baker Street and Waterloo Railway (now the Bakerloo line) with the platforms of the Great Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton Railway (now the Piccadilly line) being opened on 15 December 1906. As originally built it had, like other stations, a surface booking hall (designed, like many in central London built at that time, by Leslie Green). The development of traffic before and after World War I meant that the need for improved station facilities was acute – in 1907 1.5 million passengers used the station, by 1922 it had grown to 18 million passengers. It was decided to construct a sub-surface booking hall and circulating area, which would also provide public pedestrian subways. Work began in February 1925 and was completed in 1928. The architect was Charles Holden and the builder was John Mowlem & Co: the whole complex cost more than half-a-million pounds. Eleven escalators were provided in two flights, leading to the two lines serving the station. Above these escalators was once a mural by artist Stephen Bone, showing the world with London at its centre. This mural was later replaced by advertising.
The old station building designed by Leslie Green finally closed for traffic on 21 July 1929, it was demolished in the 1980s when the large building on the corner of Jermyn Street, Piccadilly and Haymarket was constructed.
The Bakerloo line platforms at Piccadilly Circus offer a unique view on the network: the back to back layout is itself unusual, but the single tunnel containing a crossover at the north end of the station allows passengers to see both platforms at once. This station can act as an intermediate terminus for southbound Bakerloo Line trains.
The station today
Piccadilly Circus is one of the few London Underground stations which have no associated buildings above ground.
Piccadilly Circus is a proposed stop on the Chelsea-Hackney Line, also known as the Crossrail 2. It would be between Victoria and Tottenham Court Road stations. Effectively a new station would have to be built under the existing levels, possibly as part of a major overhaul of the existing buildings. However there will only be a stop at Piccadilly Circus if the Chelsea-Hackney Line is part of the London Underground network and not part of the National Rail network. This is the same situation with many stations on the proposed route in Central London. The Chelsea-Hackney Line is not likely to be completed until at least 2022.
- "Customer metrics: entries and exits: 2008". London Underground performance update. Transport for London. Retrieved 26 December 2012.
- "Customer metrics: entries and exits: 2009". London Underground performance update. Transport for London. Retrieved 26 December 2012.
- "Customer metrics: entries and exits: 2010". London Underground performance update. Transport for London. Retrieved 26 December 2012.
- "Underground Journeys: Piccadilly new station". Royal Institute of British Architects. Retrieved 19 February 2011.
- Mowlem 1822 – 1972, p.7[full citation needed]
- "Underground Journeys: Piccadilly Circus cutaway". Royal Institute of British Architects. Retrieved 19 February 2011.
- "Chelsea-Hackney Line: Safeguarding directions (pdf)". Crossrail Ltd. Retrieved 20 February 2011.
London bus route 3, 6, 12, 13, 14, 15, 19, 22, 23, 38, 88, 94, 139, 159, 453, night route N3, N13, N15, N18, N19, N22, N38, N97, N29, N38, N109 and N136.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Piccadilly Circus tube station.|
- London Transport Museum Photographic Archive
- Underground Journeys: The Heart of London Illustrated history of Piccadilly Circus station, from the Royal Institute of British Architects
|Preceding station||London Underground||Following station|
towards Harrow & Wealdstone
towards Elephant & Castle