Piccadilly Circus tube station

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Piccadilly Circus
London Underground
Piccadilly Circus stn south entrance.JPG
Piccadilly Circus is located in Central London
Piccadilly Circus
Piccadilly Circus

Location of Piccadilly Circus in Central London
Location Piccadilly Circus
Local authority City of Westminster
Managed by London Underground
Number of platforms 4
Fare zone 1

London Underground annual entry and exit
2008 Increase 38.850 million[1]
2009 Decrease 38.567 million[2]
2010 Increase 39.680 million[3]

1906 Opened

Lists of stations
Portal icon London Transport portalCoordinates: 51°30′36″N 0°08′02″W / 51.5101°N 0.1340°W / 51.5101; -0.1340

Piccadilly Circus tube station is the London Underground station located directly beneath Piccadilly Circus itself, with entrances at every corner. Located in Travelcard Zone 1, the station is on the Piccadilly Line between Green Park and Leicester Square and on the Bakerloo line between Charing Cross and Oxford Circus.

History[edit]

The station was opened on 10 March 1906 by the Baker Street and Waterloo Railway (now the Bakerloo line) with the platforms of the Great Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton Railway (now the Piccadilly line) being opened on 15 December 1906. As originally built it had, like other stations, a surface booking hall (designed, like many in central London built at that time, by Leslie Green). The development of traffic before and after World War I meant that the need for improved station facilities was acute – in 1907 1.5 million passengers used the station, by 1922 it had grown to 18 million passengers.[4] It was decided to construct a sub-surface booking hall and circulating area, which would also provide public pedestrian subways. Work began in February 1925 and was completed in 1928. The architect was Charles Holden and the builder was John Mowlem & Co:[5] the whole complex cost more than half-a-million pounds. Eleven escalators were provided in two flights, leading to the two lines serving the station. Above these escalators was once a mural by artist Stephen Bone, showing the world with London at its centre.[6] This mural was later replaced by advertising.

The circular station concourse below the Circus

The old station building designed by Leslie Green finally closed for traffic on 21 July 1929, it was demolished in the 1980s when the large building on the corner of Jermyn Street, Piccadilly and Haymarket was constructed.

The Bakerloo line platforms at Piccadilly Circus offer a unique view on the network: the back to back layout is itself unusual, but the single tunnel containing a crossover at the north end of the station allows passengers to see both platforms at once. This station can act as an intermediate terminus for southbound Bakerloo Line trains.

The station today[edit]

Piccadilly Circus is one of the few London Underground stations which have no associated buildings above ground.

Future[edit]

Piccadilly Circus is a proposed stop on the Chelsea-Hackney Line, also known as the Crossrail 2.[7] It would be between Victoria and Tottenham Court Road stations. Effectively a new station would have to be built under the existing levels, possibly as part of a major overhaul of the existing buildings. However there will only be a stop at Piccadilly Circus if the Chelsea-Hackney Line is part of the London Underground network and not part of the National Rail network. This is the same situation with many stations on the proposed route in Central London. The Chelsea-Hackney Line is not likely to be completed until at least 2022.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Customer metrics: entries and exits: 2008". London Underground performance update. Transport for London. Retrieved 26 December 2012. 
  2. ^ "Customer metrics: entries and exits: 2009". London Underground performance update. Transport for London. Retrieved 26 December 2012. 
  3. ^ "Customer metrics: entries and exits: 2010". London Underground performance update. Transport for London. Retrieved 26 December 2012. 
  4. ^ "Underground Journeys: Piccadilly new station". Royal Institute of British Architects. Archived from the original on 2011-07-07. 
  5. ^ Mowlem 1822 – 1972, p.7[full citation needed]
  6. ^ "Underground Journeys: Piccadilly Circus cutaway". Royal Institute of British Architects. Archived from the original on 2012-09-10. 
  7. ^ "Chelsea-Hackney Line: Safeguarding directions" (PDF). Crossrail Ltd. Archived from the original on 2011-01-17. 

Transport links[edit]

London bus route 3, 6, 12, 13, 14, 15, 19, 22, 23, 38, 88, 94, 139, 159, 453, night route N3, N13, N15, N18, N19, N22, N38, N97, N29, N38, N109 and N136.

External links[edit]

Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
Bakerloo line
Piccadilly line
towards Cockfosters