Pickle Lake

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Pickle Lake
Township (single-tier)
Township of Pickle Lake
Pickle Lake ON 2.JPG
Pickle Lake is located in Ontario
Pickle Lake
Pickle Lake
Coordinates: 51°28′N 90°11′W / 51.467°N 90.183°W / 51.467; -90.183Coordinates: 51°28′N 90°11′W / 51.467°N 90.183°W / 51.467; -90.183
Country  Canada
Province  Ontario
District Kenora
Settled 1929
Incorporated December 1980
Government
 • Mayor Karl Hopf
 • Federal riding Kenora
 • Prov. riding Kenora—Rainy River
Area[1]
 • Land 255.08 km2 (98.49 sq mi)
Elevation[2] 390.80 m (1,282.15 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 425
 • Density 1.7/km2 (4/sq mi)
Time zone EST (geographically in Central Time Zone, but observes Eastern Time year round) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Postal Code P0V 3A0
Area code(s) 807
Website www.picklelake.ca

Pickle Lake is a township in the Canadian province of Ontario, and is the most northerly community in the province that has year-round access by road. Located 530 kilometres (330 mi) north of Thunder Bay, highway access is via Highway 599, the only access road to the town from the south. More northerly communities rely on winter roads for access and are cut off to land travel in the summer. Highway 599 meets the Northern Ontario Resource Trail, formerly Tertiary Highway 808, at Pickle Lake.

The Township of Pickle Lake has a population of 425 and its main industries are transportation (by air and land) and tourism. Pickle Lake Airport serves as the supply point to northern First Nations communities. It is an access point for animal watching, with many opportunities to view moose, woodland caribou, timber wolf, black bear, game birds, bald eagles, song birds, and migratory birds such as ducks and geese. It is also a popular fishing and hunting destination. The town is sometimes referred to as the gateway to Ontario's "Last Frontier" because of its remote location. Pickle Lake has its own detachment of the Ontario Provincial Police.

The community is located on the north-east shore of Pickle Lake, from which it takes its name.

History[edit]

Pickle Lake was founded as a local transportation centre for mining activities after gold was discovered nearby in 1928. From that time until 1995 over 2.5 million ounces of gold were produced in the area. Copper was also mined near Pickle Lake in the 1970s. Exploration for gold and copper in the Pickle Lake area continues to this day.

Pickle Lake was incorporated as a township in 1980. It got its name from the shape of the lake which resembled a cucumber, or 'Pickle'.

The township also includes the former townsites of Central Patricia and Pickle Crow. Both formerly independent settlements, Central Patricia now consists only of a few buildings located at the terminus of Highway 599 within the township, while Pickle Crow is a ghost town. After the Pickle Crow gold mine was shut down in 1966, the Ministry of Natural Resources set fire to the site as part of its program to clean up abandoned mines.[3]

Demographics[edit]

Historic populations:[5][6]

  • Population in 2001: 399
  • Population in 1996: 544
  • Population in 1991: 654

Climate[edit]

Pickle Lake has a humid continental climate that closely borders on a subarctic climate (Köppen Dfb/Dfc). Winters are cold and dry with a January high of −14.3 °C (6.3 °F) and a low of −24.1 °C (−11.4 °F). Most of the precipitation falls in the form of snow, averaging 257 centimetres (101.2 in) with reliable snow cover from November to April.[2] There are 17.3nights where the temperature will drop below −30 °C (−22.0 °F).[2]

Summers are warm and wetter but short with a July high of 23.0 °C (73.4 °F) and a low of 12.3 °C (54.1 °F). There are 4.8 days where the temperature will exceed 30.0 °C (86.0 °F). Precipitation tends to be higher during the summer months, with each month (June to August) averaging 16 days with measurable precipitation.


Climate data for Pickle Lake Airport (1981−2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high Humidex 4.2 8.1 17.9 28.1 38.0 42.4 47.7 38.9 37.2 29.6 13.3 5.8 47.7
Record high °C (°F) 4.7
(40.5)
9.6
(49.3)
18.2
(64.8)
28.2
(82.8)
33.4
(92.1)
38.8
(101.8)
35.8
(96.4)
33.9
(93)
29.6
(85.3)
25.4
(77.7)
13.8
(56.8)
6.3
(43.3)
38.8
(101.8)
Average high °C (°F) −14.3
(6.3)
−9.9
(14.2)
−2.0
(28.4)
6.8
(44.2)
14.4
(57.9)
20.9
(69.6)
23.0
(73.4)
22.0
(71.6)
15.2
(59.4)
6.1
(43)
−3.1
(26.4)
−11.1
(12)
5.7
(42.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) −19.3
(−2.7)
−15.9
(3.4)
−8.2
(17.2)
0.7
(33.3)
8.5
(47.3)
15.2
(59.4)
17.7
(63.9)
16.8
(62.2)
10.6
(51.1)
2.5
(36.5)
−6.6
(20.1)
−15.5
(4.1)
0.5
(32.9)
Average low °C (°F) −24.1
(−11.4)
−21.8
(−7.2)
−14.4
(6.1)
−5.3
(22.5)
2.5
(36.5)
9.4
(48.9)
12.3
(54.1)
11.4
(52.5)
5.9
(42.6)
−1.1
(30)
−10.1
(13.8)
−19.8
(−3.6)
−4.6
(23.7)
Record low °C (°F) −41.6
(−42.9)
−41.3
(−42.3)
−36.3
(−33.3)
−24.1
(−11.4)
−9.4
(15.1)
−1.3
(29.7)
3.1
(37.6)
1.8
(35.2)
−6.5
(20.3)
−14.2
(6.4)
−30.5
(−22.9)
−42.8
(−45)
−42.8
(−45)
Wind chill −53.2 −52.1 −47.5 −35.5 −15.5 −6.6 0.0 0.0 −9.0 −22.7 −38.8 −51.4 −53.2
Precipitation mm (inches) 26.8
(1.055)
18.9
(0.744)
30.8
(1.213)
37.0
(1.457)
71.3
(2.807)
100.5
(3.957)
106.7
(4.201)
88.3
(3.476)
98.7
(3.886)
67.5
(2.657)
50.7
(1.996)
31.5
(1.24)
728.5
(28.681)
Rainfall mm (inches) 0.3
(0.012)
0.8
(0.031)
5.6
(0.22)
14.9
(0.587)
59.3
(2.335)
100.3
(3.949)
106.7
(4.201)
88.3
(3.476)
95.5
(3.76)
39.9
(1.571)
9.8
(0.386)
0.7
(0.028)
522.0
(20.551)
Snowfall cm (inches) 36.8
(14.49)
25.3
(9.96)
31.4
(12.36)
24.9
(9.8)
13.2
(5.2)
0.2
(0.08)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
3.5
(1.38)
30.0
(11.81)
49.9
(19.65)
41.9
(16.5)
257.0
(101.18)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 14.5 10.4 11.6 8.6 13.7 16.1 17.7 15.6 16.3 16.1 16.0 15.0 171.5
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 0.35 0.62 1.8 4.2 12.1 16.1 17.7 15.6 15.8 10.2 3.0 0.67 98.0
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 15.4 11.3 11.3 6.4 3.3 0.24 0.0 0.0 1.1 8.8 15.4 16.0 89.3
Source: Environment Canada[2]

Media[edit]

Pickle Lake municipal office and library

Pickle Lake's only local media service is the new CJTL-FM, which airs a mixed Christian radio and First Nations format.[7] The region is otherwise served through rebroadcasters of services from larger cities such as Thunder Bay, Toronto and Winnipeg.

Radio[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Pickle Lake census profile". 2011 Census of Population. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-04-03. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Pickle Lake Airport". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved April 9, 2014. 
  3. ^ Brief History of Pickle Lake.
  4. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-28. 
  5. ^ a b "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012. Retrieved 2011-06-28. 
  6. ^ Statistics Canada: Canada 1996 Census
  7. ^ Broadcasting Decision CRTC 2008-106.
  8. ^ Decision CRTC 92-731, CRTC, October 16, 1992

External links[edit]