Pickleball

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Pickleball
Highest governing body USAPA
First played 1965, Bainbridge Island, Washington
Characteristics
Categorization racquet sport - Paddle Sport
Equipment Wiffle ball
Presence
Country or region United States, Canada, India
Olympic no
Paralympic no

Pickleball is a racquet sport which combines elements of badminton, tennis, and table tennis. [1]

Overview[edit]

Pickleball is a racket sport in which two to four players use solid paddles made of wood or composite materials to hit a polymer perforated ball over a net. The sport shares features of other racket sports, the dimensions and layout of a Badminton court, and a net and rules similar to tennis with a few modifications. One of the fastest growing sports in North America, Pickleball was invented in the mid 1960s as a children's backyard pastime but quickly became popular among adults as a game fun for players of all skill levels.

History[edit]

The game started during the summer of 1965 on Bainbridge Island, Washington, at the home of then State Representative Joel Pritchard who, in 1970, was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives for the State of Washington. He and two of his friends, Bill Bell and Barney McCallum, returned from golf and found their families bored one Saturday afternoon. They attempted to set up badminton, but no one could find the shuttlecock. They improvised with a Wiffle ball, lowered the badminton net, and fabricated paddles of plywood from a nearby shed.[2][3][4]

Although some sources claim that the name "Pickleball" was derived from that of the Pritchard family dog, Pickles, other sources state that the claim is false, and that the name came from the term "pickle boat", referring to the last boat to return with its catch.[2][4][5]

The court[edit]

court dimensions

The pickleball court is similar to a doubles badminton court. The actual size of the court is 20×44 feet for both doubles and singles. The net is hung at 36 inches on the ends, and 34 inches in the middle. The court is striped like a tennis court, with no alleys; but the outer courts, and not the inner courts, are divided in half by service lines. The inner courts are non-volley zones and extend 7 feet from the net on either side.[6]:11

Pickleball positioning

Play[edit]

The ball is served underhand from behind the baseline, diagonally to the opponent’s service zone.

Points are scored by the serving side only and occur when the opponent faults (fails to return the ball, hits ball out of bounds, steps into the 'kitchen' area [the first seven feet from the net, also known as the non-volley zone] in the act of volleying the ball, etc.). A player may enter the non-volley zone to play a ball that bounces, and may stay there to play balls that bounce.[6]:A-22 The player must exit the non-volley zone before playing a volley. The first side scoring 11 points and leading by at least two points wins.[7]

The return of service must be allowed to bounce by the server (the server and partner in doubles play); i.e. cannot be volleyed. Consequently, the server or server and partner usually stay at the baseline until the first return has been hit back and bounced once.

In doubles play, at the start of the game, the serving side gets only one fault before their side is out, and the opponents begin their serve. After this, each side gets 2 faults (one with each team member serving) before their serve is finished. Thus, each side is always one serve ahead or behind, or tied.

In singles play, each side gets only one fault before a side out and the opponent then serves. The server's score will always be even (0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10...) when serving from the right side, and odd (1, 3, 5, 7, 9...) when serving from the left side (singles play only).[6]:A-15

Terminology[edit]

  • Baseline—The line at the back of the pickleball court (22 feet from the net).[6]:A-4
  • Centerline—The line bisecting the service courts that extends from the non-volley line to the baseline.[6]:A-4
  • Crosscourt—The opponent's court diagonally opposite yours.
  • Dink—A dink is a soft shot, made with the paddle face open, and hit so that it just clears the net and drops into the non-volley zone.[6]:52
  • Fault—An infringement of the rules that ends the rally.[6]:xxii
  • Foot fault—Stepping on or into the non-volley zone while volleying a ball, or, while serving, failure to keep both feet behind the baseline with at least one foot in contact with the ground or floor when the paddle contacts the ball.[6]:xxii,61,A-11
  • Half-volley - A type of hit where the player hits the ball immediately after it has bounced in an almost scoop-like fashion.
  • Let serve—A serve that touches the top of the net and lands in the proper service court (it is replayed without penalty).
  • Non-volley zone—A seven-foot area adjacent to the net within which you may not volley the ball. The non-volley zone includes all lines around it.[6]:A-4 Also called the "kitchen"
  • Poach—In doubles, to cross over into your partner's area to play a ball.
  • Rally—Hitting the ball back and forth between opposite teams.
  • Serve (Service)—An underhand lob or drive stroke used to put a ball into play at the beginning of a point.
  • Server number—When playing doubles, either “1” or “2,” depending on whether you are the first or second server for your side. This number is appended to the score when it is called. As in, the score is now 4 - 2 - second server.
  • Sideline—The line at the side of the court denoting in- and out-of-bounds.[6]:A-4
  • Volley—To hit the ball before it bounces.
  • Players - 2 or 4

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pritchard, Joan (July 22, 2008). "Pickle Ball Featured on the Morning show". The Parkersburg News and Sentinel. Retrieved July 27, 2008. 
  2. ^ a b Pritchard, Joan (July 27, 2008). "Origins of Pickleball". The Parkersburg News and Sentinel. 
  3. ^ "How Pickle-ball Came to Be". The Official Pickleball Website. Pickleball Inc. . Retrieved March 1, 2014. 
  4. ^ a b "The History of Pickleball". Hoffman Estates Pickleball. Retrieved March 1, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Pickle boat". Urban Dictionary. Retrieved March 1, 2014. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Leach, Gale H. (2011). The Art of Pickleball (4th ed.). Two Cats Press. 
  7. ^ "How to Play the Game". The Official Pickleball Website. Pickleball Inc. Retrieved March 1, 2014. 

External links[edit]