Pico y placa
Pico y placa (peak and [license] plate) is traffic congestion mitigation policy that was initially set in place in the year 1998 in Bogotá, Colombia by then mayor Enrique Peñalosa to help regulate traffic during rush hours. The system restricts vehicles with license plate numbers ending in certain digits from travelling the streets between certain times. Initially the system restricted traffic between 6 and 9 am, and between 5 and 8 pm, Monday through Friday. However, starting 2009, mayor Samuel Moreno extended the restriction from 6 am to 8 pm, Monday through Friday.
The system restricts both private and public use vehicles based on the last digit of the licence plate numbers. Four numbers are restricted every day for private use vehicles, and two for public transportation vehicles. The restricted digits associated to each day rotate every year. The system has been extended to other Colombian cities.
Pico y Placa on 2011 is applied to the following plate endings since July 1, 2011 in Bogotá:
- 5678: Monday
- 9012: Tuesday
- 3456: Wednesday
- 7890: Thursday
- 1234: Friday
- No restrictions on weekends
The following are the current restrictions:
- Even days: even number endings.
- Odd days: odd number endings.