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Picture discs are gramophone (phonograph) records that show images on their playing surface, rather than being of plain black or coloured vinyl. Collectors traditionally reserve the term picture disc for records with graphics that extend at least partly into the actual playable grooved area, distinguishing them from picture label discs, which have a specially illustrated and sometimes very large label, and picture back discs, which are illustrated on one unplayable side only.
A few seven-inch black shellac records issued by the Canadian Berliner Gramophone Company around 1900 had the "His Master's Voice" dog-and-gramophone trademark lightly etched into the surface of the playing area as an anti-piracy measure, technically qualifying them as picture discs by some definitions.
Apart from those debatable claimants for the title of "first," the earliest picture records were not discs, strictly speaking, but rectangular picture postcards with small, round, transparent celluloid records glued onto the illustrated side. Such cards were in use by about 1909. Later, the recordings were pressed into a transparent coating that covered the entire picture side of the card. This novelty product idea proved to have a very long life. In the 1950s and throughout the rest of the vinyl era, picture postcard records, usually oversized and often featuring a garish color photograph of a tourist attraction or typical local scenery, were issued in several countries. These and similar small novelty picture records on laminated paper or thin cardboard, such as were occasionally bound into magazines or featured on the backs of boxes of breakfast cereal, are usually not classed with the larger and sturdier discs that were sold in record stores or used as promotional gifts by record companies, but a few featured famous performers and are now eagerly sought by collectors of those artists' records.
The first picture discs of substantial size, sold as records meant only to be looked at and played, not put into a mailbox, appeared in the 1920s. Their first wave of significant popularity did not arrive until the start of the 1930s, when several companies in several countries began issuing them. Some were illustrated with photographs or artwork simply designed to be appropriate to the musical contents, but some graphics also promoted films in which the recorded songs had been introduced, and a few were blatant advertising that had little or no connection with the recording. Some politicians and demagogues explored the potential of the discs as a medium for propaganda. Adolf Hitler and British fascist Oswald Mosley were each featured on their own special picture discs.
Most of these records were made of a simple sheet of fairly thin printed cardboard with a very thin plastic coating and their audio quality was substandard. Some were more sturdy and well-made and they equaled or actually surpassed the audio quality of ordinary records, which were still made of a gritty shellac compound that introduced a lot of background noise. In 1933, RCA Victor in the U.S. issued a few typical cardboard-based picture records but was unhappy with their quality and soon began making an improved type. A rigid blank shellac core disc was sandwiched between two illustrated sheets and each side was then topped with a substantial layer of high-quality clear plastic into which the recording was pressed. Like nearly all records being made for the general public, they were recorded at 78 rpm, but one issue was recorded at 33⅓ rpm, a speed already in use for special purposes which Victor was then unsuccessfully attempting to introduce into home use. It was the first 33⅓ rpm picture disc and the only one made until many years later. These were deluxe picture discs, priced much higher than ordinary records, and they sold in very small numbers. In the early 1930s the entire record industry was being devastated by a worldwide economic depression and the proliferation of the new medium of radio, which made a wide variety of music available free of charge. Picture discs of all kinds were among the casualties.
1946 to 1969
With the Great Depression and World War II no longer around to interfere with such modest luxuries, the picture disc reemerged in 1946, when Tom Saffardy's Sav-Way Industries began issuing Vogue Records. Vogues were a well-made product physically similar to RCA Victor's improved 1933 issues except that their core discs were aluminum instead of shellac. The Victor discs had been illustrated in high Art Deco style, often in sober but elegant black-and-white. Vogue's discs featured artwork done in the styles typical of 1940s commercial illustration and pin-up art, most of it gaudily colored, some dramatic, some humorous, some very cartoonish. The audio quality was excellent by contemporary standards and they featured professional talent, most with names known to the general public, but Vogue was handicapped by the lack of any big "hit" names. Top-tier talent was usually under exclusive contract to companies such as Mercury Records, for whom Sav-Way manufactured special attention-grabbing, quiet-surfaced picture discs that Mercury distributed only to radio disc jockeys. Vogue records retailed for US$1.05, about fifty percent more than ordinary ten-inch 78 rpm records. The novelty of the colorful discs attracted interest and sales at first, but success proved elusive and Vogue went out of business in 1947 after fewer than 100 catalog items bearing the Vogue logo had been issued.
More commercially successful and long-lived were some of the children's picture discs marketed by the Record Guild of America from the late 1940s through the 1950s. Their most popular and well-known issues resembled Vogue records in their general style of illustration and use of high-quality materials, but they were only 7 inches in diameter, had no reinforcing core disc, and sold for a much lower price. Other companies such as Voco also made picture discs for children.
Red Raven Movie Records, introduced in 1956, were a very unusual type of children's picture disc. They featured a sequence of sixteen interwoven animation frames arrayed around the center and were to be played at 78 rpm on a turntable with a short spindle, on which a small sixteen-mirrored device, a variety of the praxinoscope, was placed. Gazing into this as the record played, the user saw an endlessly repeating high-quality animated cartoon scene appropriate to the song. Only the earliest Red Raven discs, which were of the coated cardboard type but reinforced with a metal rim and spindle hole grommet, were true picture discs. The more common later issues were larger "picture label discs" made of solid colored opaque, translucent or transparent plastic, with the recording in a band surrounding a very large label that carried the animation graphics. In the 1960s similar products were introduced in several countries under various brand names—Teddy in France and the Netherlands, Mamil Moviton in Italy, etc.
Picture discs of the large and solid Victor-Vogue type were very rarely issued in the U.S. between the demise of Vogue in 1947 and the end of the 1960s, but several lines of picture discs, such as the French Saturnes, were produced in Europe and Japan during these years.
1970 and beyond
A new generation of picture discs appeared in the 1970s. The first serious pictures discs (with acceptable but still inferior sound quality) were developed by Metronome Records GmbH (a subsidiary of Polydor Records). These new picture discs were made by creating a five layer lamination consisting of a core of black vinyl with kiln dried paper decals on either side and then outer skins of clear vinyl film (manufactured by 3M) on the outsides. In manufacture, one layer of the clear film was first placed on the bed of the press on top of the stamper, then a "puck" of hot black vinyl from the extruder was placed on top of that. Finally the top print and vinyl film layer was added (held by a retracting pin in the upper profile usually employed to retain the upper paper label) and the press closed. Problems with poor vinyl flow caused by the paper texture and air released from the paper (that had not been removed in the kiln drying process) plagued the process.
The first 'modern' rock picture discs was British progressive rock band Curved Air's first album, Airconditioning, a UK issue (1970). The first commercially-issued American picture disc is To Elvis: Love Still Burning, a collection of 11 Elvis Presley tribute songs by various artists, issued in May 1978. Both sides of the album (Fotoplay FSP-1001) picture Presley.
On some picture discs, the images used were meant to create an optical illusion while the record was rotating on the turntable (as in the B side of Curved Air's Airconditioning), while others used the visual effect to add to the music — for example, the 1979 picture disc of Fischer-Z's The Worker featured a train which endlessly commuted around the turntable, reinforcing the song's message.
Later picture discs included liquid light show style fluids between the vinyl, Rowlux 3D effect film, diffraction rainbow film, metal flake (vide examples here), pressure-sensitive liquid crystals that changed color when the record was picked up, and a real holographic record.
One picture disc was even billed as a genuine "live album." Made as a demonstration for Stevie Wonder's Journey through the Secret Life of Plants, it featured a layer of blotting paper between the clear vinyl layers that contained alfalfa seeds. A tag of the blotting paper protruded below the record, and resting the disc on a glass of water with the paper in the water allowed the seeds to germinate and grow inside the record. When the prototype was taken through customs in Canada it was seized by the Department of Agriculture, making it not only the only real live album but the only record ever banned by the Department of Agriculture (alfalfa being a prohibited import).
List of picture discs
First modern picture discs 1970 to 1979
- Air Conditioning by Curved Air (1970) First modern picture disc conceived and designed by Mark Hanau.
- Tubular Bells by Mike Oldfield (1973) was released as a picture disc as well as its regular release
- Magical Love by Saturnalia c.1974. First non-compilation album to be advertised on television in Europe.
- Black Sabbath by Black Sabbath (Rare - Shows the cover art of their first album) 1974 (re-release of album as picture disc)
- Turn Up the Night by Black Sabbath (Rare - Shows a Lucifer-like figure silhouetted against a cross)
- The Dark Side of the Moon by Pink Floyd (1973) - picture disk edition 1974 or 1975.
- Boston by Boston 1976.
- Dreamboat Annie by Heart 1976. Shows Dreamboat Annie cover on front and back with text indicating the side number.
- Magazine by Heart 1978. Same as Dreamboat Annie except with Magazine's cover. Both were under the Mushroom Records label.
- To Elvis: Love Still Burning by 11 various artists, including Ral Donner. Produced by Jerry Osborne's Fotoplay label, and distributed by Pickwick International, has 11 songs of tribute to Elvis Presley (1978). Features a portrait of Elvis by Marge Nichols on both sides. The first of many Elvis picture discs, and North America's first commercially issued picture disc album by anyone — an event reported on the front page of Billboard magazine (August 28, 1978 issue).
- Elvis: A Legendary Performer, Vol. 3. Elvis Presley (1978). Issued by RCA about six months after the Fotoplay picture disc.
- Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band by The Beatles (1978) Released in conjunction with the Robert Stigwood film production by that name.
- Q: Are We Not Men? A: We Are Devo by Devo (1978) - Virgin Records LP - still frames from Devo's The Truth About De-Evolution film.
- "My Best Friend's Girl" by The Cars (1978) - graphic of old-style car on white background
- "Just What I Needed" by The Cars (1978) - graphic of old-style car on blue background
- Blondes Have More Fun by Rod Stewart (1978) - Artist is hugging a blonde woman with her back to the camera, and on the B side, the artist has the same pose, but with a brunette.
- Hemispheres by Rush (1978) - Contains album cover on both sides of the disc.
- "Hard Love" by Shaun Cassidy (1978) - 12" and 7" picture discs from Under Wraps - Contains album cover on both sides of the disc.
- Translumadafractadisc (artists include Sid Vicious)
- Pieces of Eight by Styx 1978. Has album cover on front side with a picture of the band on the back.
- Who Are You by The Who (1978) - has the regular album cover with the band posed amid electrical cables and PA equipment
- The Lord of the Rings soundtrack by Leonard Rosenman - limited edition double LP picture disc with four scenes from the 1978 movie by Ralph Bakshi (1978).
- "Are 'Friends' Electric?" by Tubeway Army (1979). 7" picture disc, 20,000 issued.
- The Worker by Fischer-Z (1979) - cartoon image of a train arranged around the edge of the record
- Light My Fire by Amii Stewart (1979) - photographic image of the singer against a pink background
- Never Trust a Pretty Face by Amanda Lear (1979)
- "Driver's Seat" by Sniff 'n' the Tears (1979) - a leggy woman holding a gun startles a black cat
- Off the Wall by Michael Jackson (1979) - same image of original album front and back
- Special Brew by Bad Manners (1980): Photo of Buster Bloodvessel coveting a pint of the drink of the same name.
- Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (soundtrack to the Walt Disney film) (1980)
- "One of Us" b/w "Should I Laugh or Cry" by ABBA (1981): A-side with Agnetha and Frida ("One of Us")/B-side with Benny and Bjorn.
- Anthem by Toyah (1981)
- Planets by Eloy (1982)
- "That's Good" b/w "Speed Racer" by Devo (1982): 12" single.
- Got No Brains by Bad Manners (1982): Cartoon-like image of Buster Bloodvessel's brain flying out of his head.
- "House of Fun" by Madness (1982): Still photo from the promo video.
- E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial (soundtrack) by John Williams (1982): Close up of title character's head on the front and with the bike over the moon shot on the back (both front and back are stills from movie).
- Driving In My Car by Madness (1982): Close-up photo of a Morris Minor hubcap.
- Monkee Business (album) by The Monkees (1982): A side color photo of band, B side b&w promotional photos and monkey shape.
- "Countdown" b/w "New World Man" by Rush (1982): 7" single shaped like a space shuttle.
- Freebird by Lynyrd Skynyrd (1982): A picture of a skeleton holding a gun.
- Baby Snakes soundtrack album by Frank Zappa (1982): Frank Zappa's face.
- Let's Dance LP by David Bowie (1983): Serious Moonlight Tour concert photo and album cover photo.
- Thriller by Michael Jackson (1983): Several different picture discs with artwork from the album photoshoot.
- War by U2 (1983)
- Colour by Numbers by Culture Club (1983)
- Mushi by The Stalin (1983)
- Just A Dream by Nena (1984): 10" Band photo.
- Dreamtime by The Cult (1984): Band photo.
- Poland (double LP) by Tangerine Dream (1984): Album photos.
- 14 Greatest Hits (LP) by Michael Jackson and the Jackson 5 (1984): Drawing of 3 Jackson brothers and old band photo.
- Victory by The Jackson 5 (1984)
- Legend LP by Bob Marley (1984): Album photo.
- Keep Moving LP by Madness (1984): Photo of the band on a running track.
- "Animal (Fuck Like a Beast)" by W.A.S.P. (1984): Drawing of a snarling Doberman humping a woman's leg; photo of Lawless on the B side.
- Make It Big by Wham! (1984) (picture disc edition)
- "Pride (In The Name Of Love)" by U2 (1984): 7" single with same track listing but different (color) photos of the band.
- Waking Up with the House on Fire by Culture Club (1984)
- Creeping Death by Metallica (1984)
- Miami Vice Theme by Jan Hammer (1985)
- Loving the Alien by David Bowie (1985): 7 and 12 Inch versions.
- Electric by The Cult (1987): Gold vinyl with a band photo.
- Hysteria by Def Leppard (1987)
- Something Special by Sabrina (1988)
- So far, so good... so what! by Megadeth (1988): A skeleton dressed in combat gear holding a machine gun.
- "Wake Up!" a hit sampler (Bangles, REO Speedwagon, Earth, Wind and Fire...) issued by Honda (the motor people) (1988): Showing a comic style full continental breakfast on the one side, and the "H" logo on the reverse.
- Special Edition Live EP by Ozzy Osbourne (1988)
- Disintegration by The Cure (1989)
- For Ladies Only by Killdozer (1989): Painting of a young woman in a negligee with photos of band members on the reverse side.
- Sweet Soul Sister by The Cult (1990): 12" single, different band photo on both sides.
- Zoo Station by U2 (1992): US 12" promo featuring the Zoo TV and U2 logos from the tour.
- The Hearts Filthy Lesson by David Bowie (BMG UK, 1995): Graphically manipulated images from the lyric pages of the 1995 album Outside for the A side and B side songs.
- The Best of Both Worlds by Marillion (1996)
- POP by U2 (1997): Front side is the same four-paned portraits on the CD cover, but the back side is different, featuring a rainbow of colors and a picture of each band member taken from the Discothèque video (looks official, some say this is a bootleg).
- s/t 10" by Song of Zarathustra (2000 blood of the young)
- Exploiting Dysfunction by Cephalic Carnage (2000): Side A and B feature the original cover/back artwork by Wes Benscoter.
- Heaven by Live (2003): European 7" single containing title track plus Forever May not be Long Enough (Egyptian Dreams Remix) as a B-side. An unknown quantity were mispressed with remixes of Let's Get Ill by P. Diddy.
- Inertiatic ESP by The Mars Volta (2003): Artwork by Storm Thorgerson.
- Televators by The Mars Volta (2003): Artwork by Storm Thorgerson.
- I, Lucifer by The Real Tuesday Weld (UK only, 2004)
- Hell Yeah! by HorrorPops (2004): Side A has an altered version of the cover artwork and side B contains the track listing.
- Split by Agalloch/Nest (2004): 10" Picture Disc.
- Filthy Danceheng EP by Baron Mordant (Mordant Music UK, 2004): Image of creepy tutonic child on a side, tracklist and 70s looking child on reverse.
- Blood Rushed to Head by Portion Control (portion-control.net UK, 2005): 7" portion Control logo on both sides.
- Analord 10 by AFX (re-release) (2005)
- The Trooper by Iron Maiden (1983) was re-released in 2005 as a picture disc.
- Preaching the "End-Time" Message by Eyehategod (2005): Limited to 500 copies.
- Lateralus by Tool (2005): Double picture disc. Limited edition only.
- The Hand that Feeds by Nine Inch Nails (2005)
- Death on the Road by Iron Maiden (2005): Double picture disc, disc 1 contains artwork and disc 2 has pictures from live shows.
- The Widow by The Mars Volta (2005): Artwork by Storm Thorgerson.
- L'Via L'Viaquez by The Mars Volta (2005): 10" Picture Disc.
- Scab Dates by The Mars Volta (2005): Dbl 12" Picture Disc LP.
- Omar Rodriguez by Omar Rodriguez-Lopez (2005)
- Gold Digger by Kanye West (2005): 12" single has a plain gold coloured picture disc.
- Mezmerize and Hypnotize by System of a Down (2005)
- Feel Good Inc. by Gorillaz (2005): Features a drawing of the windmill island from the video.
- The 12th record from the 7" of the Month Club by NOFX (2006): Side A: Picture of band, Side B: Cartoon Hotdogs - limited to 3000.
- Sam's Town by The Killers (2006)
- Donuts by J Dilla (2006)
- The Shining EP by J Dilla (2006)
- Age of Winters by The Sword (2006): limited to 500 copies. Side A features original CD Artwork, Side B a track listing and logo.
- The Pick of Destiny by Tenacious D (2006)
- Get Warmer by Bomb the Music Industry! (2006): Features a pictures of parks and track listings on the A and B sides.
- Fine as Fuck by Electrosexual and Scream Club (2006): Features a collage made by Electrosexual and a sticker art by Tilt. Limited to 500 copies, France Rock Machine Records.
- Gold Lion by Yeah Yeah Yeahs (2006): 7" Features a drawing of a lion.
- Lycanthrope by +44 (2006): Features a picture of the band on one side of the single and the band logo on the other.
- Hip Hop Is Dead by Nas (2006): 12" single has a picture of Nas with title of the song on the A side and Nas's logo on the B side.
- Infinity on High by Fall Out Boy (2007)
- From Yesterday by Thirty Seconds to Mars (2007)
- Here Come the Waterworks by Big Business (2007)
- Festival Thyme by ...And You Will Know Us by the Trail of Dead (2008)
- Pedrophilia by Busy P on Ed Banger Records (2008)
- Pocket Piano by DJ Mehdi (2008)
- Aim and Ignite by Fun (2009)
- Time Warp / Join the Dots by Sub Focus (2009)
- The Fame Monster by Lady Gaga (2009)
- Ignorance by Paramore (2009)
- The Infection by Chimaira (2009)
- "Wonderful Life (Arthur Baker Remixes)" by Hurts (2010): Side A has a portret picture of a band member Theo Hutchcraft and side B contains a portret picture of Adam Anderson.
- The Final Frontier by Iron Maiden (2010): Double picture disc. Disc 1 contains album cover on disc 1, side one and silhouette of band on disc 2, side 1.
- So I Ate Myself, Bite By Bite by Dreamend (2010): Side A is designed to act as a phenakistoscope when used with the included die-cut sheet, along with a pint glass and light source.
- Remedy by The Black Crowes (2011): Side A is a live acoustic version of the song while side B is a live electric version. Special release with the band's album "Croweology" for Record Store Day.
- Th1rt3en by Megadeth (2011)
- Heritage (Opeth album) by Opeth (2011)
- We Are Young by Fun (2011)
- Lady Luck by Jamie Woon (2011)
- Trials Of Imaginaerum by Nightwish (2012)
- National Anthem by Lana Del Rey (UK only, 2012)
- We Don't Even Live Here by P.O.S (2012)
- I'm With You Sessions by Red Hot Chili Peppers (2011-2013): A collection of 9 picture discs.
- Blue Ash And Other Suburbs by Trey Anastasio (2013): Features outtakes from the Traveler sessions that were co-produced by Trey and Peter Katis in Fall, 2011 and Original artwork by Micah Lidberg.
- The Devil Put Dinosaurs Here by Alice In Chains (2013)
- Life on Mars? by David Bowie (2013)
Shaped Discs & 'special pressings'
|Band||Disc/Song||Released||Disc Description||Disk Size||Image|
|Barnes & Barnes||Fish Heads: Barnes & Barnes' Greatest Hits||1982||Shaped as a fish head||12"|
|Broken English||Comin on Strong||1987||Shaped as the 3 band members wearing Ghostbusters outfits holding guitars.|
|Devo||Beautiful World b/w Nu-Tra||1981||Shaped like an astronaut head|
|Gangrene||Sawblade EP||2010||In the shape of a circular sawblade.|
|Gary Numan||Warriors||1983||Shaped like a Jet Fighter.||7"|
|Gary Numan||Berserker||1984||Shaped like Numan's head.||7"|
|Guns N' Roses||Sweet Child o' Mine||1988||Shape of the classic logo of the cross and skulls of the five band members||7"|
|Guns N' Roses||Paradise City||1989||Shape of a Colt "Peacemaker"||7"|
|Guns N' Roses||Nightrain||1989||Shape of a suitcase||7"|
|Joe Strummer||Love Kills||Shaped like a gun||7"||A gun|
|Killing Joke||Loose Cannon||2003||shaped yellow evil clown head image from the eponymous 2003 album sleeve|
|Kiss||Lick It Up||1983||Shaped like an armored tank|
|Less Than Jake||Cheese||1998||Shaped like a piece of swiss cheese. 1000 pressed in yellow. 500 pressed in green ("Moldy Version").||7"|
|Men Without Hats||The Safety Dance||1982||Oddly shaped picture disc of a man and a woman dancing|
|Men Without Hats||I Got the Message||1983|
|Monster Magnet||Dopes to Infinity||1995||Shaped like the lead singer Dave Wyndorf's head.||12"|
|Monster Magnet||Negasonic Teenage Warhead||Shaped like a mushroom cloud||12"|
|OMD||La Femme Accident||1985|
|Red Box||Lean On Me b/w Stinging Bee||1985||Hexagonal red vinyl. Looks like a red box in 2D; flipside is a band photo.||7"|
|Saxon||Back on the Streets Again||Shaped as an apple (as is printed on one side of the disk).||7"|
|Tangerine Dream||Warsaw in the Sun||1984||The record is in the shape of Poland and has several images including Lech Wałęsa and Pope John Paul II.||7"|
|The Coconuts (Side project of Kid Creole and the Coconuts)||Did You Have To Love Me Like You Did||1983||In the shape of a coconut.||7"|
|The Fat Boys||Wipe Out||Shaped like a Hamburger||7"|
|The Enemy||You're not alone||2007||Square shaped. Has the single cover art on the A-side and a black and white picture of the band on the B-side with track listing.||7"|
|The Mars Volta||Mr. Muggs||2008||In the shape of a clear planchette.||7"|
|U2||The Unforgettable Fire (single)||1985||Shaped as letter & number "U2" with various pictures of the band from the period.||7"||U2|
|Yeah Yeah Yeahs||Cheated Hearts||2006||Heart shaped.||7"|
- It's a Mistake by Men at Work (1983) - apparently also mispressed as a release by Men Without Hats, though such mispressings were clearly labeled
- A single shaped like DEVO's famous Energy Dome headgear was planned, but never made it past the test pressing stage.
toto Africa/ rosana
Picture discs by band
- Several Kiss discs from (1978), each with a different band member 
- A World Without Heroes by Kiss (1981)
- Creatures of the Night by Kiss (U.S., 1982)
- Hotter Than Hell by Kiss (the Netherlands, 1982)
- Dressed to Kill by Kiss (the Netherlands, 1982)
- Destroyer by Kiss (the Netherlands, 1982)
- Rock and Roll Over by Kiss (the Netherlands, 1982)
- Dressed To Kill by Kiss (the Netherlands, 1982)
- Love Gun by Kiss (the Netherlands, 1982)
- Dynasty by Kiss (the Netherlands, 1982)
- Unmasked by Kiss (the Netherlands, 1982)
- Music From "The Elder" by Kiss (the Netherlands, 1982)
- Crazy Nights by Kiss (US, 1987)
- Crazy Crazy Nights by Kiss (UK, 1987)
- Reason To Live by Kiss (UK, 1987)
- Supermassive Black Hole (2006) (7" picture)
- Starlight (2006) (7" picture)
- Knights of Cydonia (2006) (7" picture)
- Invincible (2007) (7" picture)
- Resistance (2010) (7" picture)
- http://www.lotz-verlag.de/Online-Disco-EPI.html Épis de blé (Carte Postale Parlante) discography, includes images of several examples
- http://www.lotz-verlag.de/Online-Disco-Weco.html Weco-Tonbild-Postkarten discography, includes many links to images of these cards
- http://wfmu.org/MACrec/cb.html The Internet Museum of Flexi/Cardboard/Oddity Records: Cereal Box Records
- http://www.voguepicturerecords.org The Association of Vogue Picture Record Collectors
- Billboard. August 1974