Piedade (Lajes do Pico)

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Coordinates: 38°25′17″N 28°3′37″W / 38.42139°N 28.06028°W / 38.42139; -28.06028
Piedade
Civil Parish (Freguesia)
Mantenha - Leuchtturm, Ponta da Ilha.JPG
Facing into the eastern coast, the lighthouse of Manhenha is the last building in Ponta da Ilha, in the parish of Piedade
Official name: Freguesia de Piedade
Name origin: piedade, Portuguese for piety
Country  Portugal
Autonomous Region  Azores
Group Central
Island Pico
Municipality Lajes do Pico
Localities Altamora, Areal, Biscoito Queimado, Cabecinhos, Cais do Galego, Calhau, Cruz da Redondo, Curral da Pedra, Engrade, Faias, Fetais, Manhenha, Piedade, Ponta da Ilha
Center Altamora
 - elevation 178 m (584 ft)
 - coordinates 38°25′17″N 28°3′37″W / 38.42139°N 28.06028°W / 38.42139; -28.06028
Highest point Cabeço do Carneiro
 - location Topo, Piedade, Lajes do Pico
 - elevation 363.52 m (1,193 ft)
 - coordinates 38°25′39″N 28°4′23″W / 38.42750°N 28.07306°W / 38.42750; -28.07306
Lowest point Sea level
 - location Atlantic Ocean
 - elevation 0 m (0 ft)
Length 4.8 km (3 mi), West-East
Width 4.40 km (3 mi), North-South
Area 12.22 km2 (5 sq mi)
 - land 11.14 km2 (4 sq mi)
 - urban 1.08 km2 (0 sq mi)
Population 902 (2001)
Density 73.81 / km2 (191 / sq mi)
LAU Freguesia/Junta Freguesia
 - location Caminho do Império, Calhau, Piedade, Lajes do Pico
President Junta Hermenegildo Vargas da Silva (PPD/PSD)
Timezone Azores (UTC-1)
 - summer (DST) Azores (UTC0)
ISO 3166-2 code PT-
Postal Zone 9930-206 Piedade
Area Code & Prefix (+351) 292 XXX-XXXX
Demonym Piquense; Piedadense
Patron Saint Blessed Virgin Mary
Parish Address Caminho do Império, nº.5-A Calhau
9930-206 Piedade
Wikimedia Commons: Piedade (Lajes do Pico)

Piedade is a civil parish in the municipality of Lajes do Pico on the island of Pico, the Portuguese Azores. In 2001, the population included 902 inhabitants, in an area of approximately 12.94 square kilometres (5.00 sq mi); there were 70 people per kilometre square, and considered the densest parish in municipality.


History[edit]

The parish was founded after 1506, from the historical registers of the time.

The 1755 Lisbon earthquake affected the community, resulting the destruction of many homes and the parochial church of the time. Before their destruction by phylloxera plague, the vineyards in this location were great producers of the popular Verdelho wines, becoming one of the more important agricultural centres on the island.

The Direcção de Serviços de Conservação da Natureza do Pico (Service Directorate of the Natural Conservancy of Pico) and Serviço de Ambiente do Pico (Environmental Services of Pico) were installed in the Parque Florestal Matos Souto (Forest Park Matos Souto), a park dedicated to commander Manuel Matos Souto, an emigrante who departed for Brazil in the 19th century, where he made his fortune (resending his monies home in order to buy land on the island).

Geography[edit]

Piedade is located on the extreme east coast of Pico, bordering the parishes of Calheta de Nesquim and Ribeirinha, and connected by the Regional E.R.1-1ª roadway to other centers on the island. The parish is divided into three distinct zones (Piedade, Calhau and Manhenha), and includes two fishing ports (Port of Manhenha and Porto of Calhau), in addition to swimming areas in the areas of Baía da Engrade, Baía do Céu de Abraão, Baía da Caravela and Baía da Fonte. The parishes includes several localities, that includes smaller non-political communities within the civil parish, including: Altamora, Areal, Biscoito Queimado, Cabecinho, Castelete, Eiras, Galego, Calhau, Cruz do Redondo, Curral da Pedra, Engrade, Faias, Fetais, Manhenha and Ponta da Ilha.


Architecture[edit]

The patrimony of the parish is diverse, although the primary buildings are the parochial church and hermitage, the curious fishing boat shelters, windmills and lighthouse. The following were classified by IGESPAR as buildings of public interest:

Civic[edit]

  • Lighthouse of Ponta da Ilha (Portuguese: Farol de Ponta da Ilha), originally proposed in 1883, the lighthouse was only built in the mid-20th century, in lands ceded by Maria Adelaide Gomes, Paulina Gomes Ávila and their husbands for 200$00, rural lands in Calvino.[1]

Religious[edit]

  • Church of Nossa Senhora da Piedade (Portuguese: Igreja da Nossa Senhora da Piedade), the original church was built in 1506, but destroyed folllwing the 1755 Lisbon earthquake, resulting in the construction of the present building after 1756.[2]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Costa, Patrícia (2002), SIPA, ed., Farol da Ponta da Ilha(IPA.00012774/PT072004030006) (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: SIPA – Sistema de Informação para o Património Arquitectónico, retrieved 12 January 2014 
  2. ^ Noe, Paula (2011), SIPA, ed., Igreja Paroquial da Piedade / Igreja de Nossa Senhora da Piedade (IPA.00032438/PT072004030015) (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: SIPA – Sistema de Informação para o Património Arquitectónico, retrieved 12 January 2014