Piekary Śląskie

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Piekary Śląskie
The neo-romanesque basilica of St Mary and St Bartholomew
The neo-romanesque basilica of St Mary and St Bartholomew
Flag of Piekary Śląskie
Flag
Coat of arms of Piekary Śląskie
Coat of arms
Location of Piekary Śląskie
Piekary Śląskie is located in Poland
Piekary Śląskie
Piekary Śląskie
Coordinates: 50°23′N 18°57′E / 50.383°N 18.950°E / 50.383; 18.950Coordinates: 50°23′N 18°57′E / 50.383°N 18.950°E / 50.383; 18.950
Country  Poland
Voivodeship POL województwo śląskie flag.svg Silesian
County city county
Established 12th century
Town rights 1939
Government
 • Mayor Stanisław Korfanty
Area
 • City 39.98 km2 (15.44 sq mi)
Highest elevation 350 m (1,150 ft)
Lowest elevation 261 m (856 ft)
Population (2013)
 • City 57,917
 • Density 1,400/km2 (3,800/sq mi)
 • Urban 2,746,000
 • Metro 4,620,624
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 41-940 to 41-949
Area code(s) +48 32
Car plates SPI
Website http://www.piekary.pl/

Piekary Śląskie ([pjɛˈkarɨ ˈɕlɔ̃skʲɛ]) (German: Deutsch Piekar) is a city in Silesia in southern Poland, near Katowice. The north district of the Upper Silesian Metropolitan Union - metropolis with the population of 2 million. Located in the Silesian Highlands, on the Brynica river (tributary of the Vistula).

It is situated in the Silesian Voivodeship since its formation in 1999, previously in Katowice Voivodeship, and before then, of the Autonomous Silesian Voivodeship. Piekary Śląskie is one of the cities of the 2.7 million conurbation - Katowice urban area and within a greater Silesian metropolitan area populated by about 5,294,000 people.[1] The population of the city is 59,061 (2008).[2]

Piekary is a spiritual center of Upper Silesia, a Marian shrine which is a pilgrimage site for thousands of the faithful, and a mining town. It was the stage for patriotic Polish demonstrations and one of the centers of Silesian Uprisings and in 1922 was ceded to the Second Polish Republic by Germany as 86% of the population voted for joining the re-established Polish state.

History[edit]

Aerial view of the city
Quire of the basilica in Piekary Śląskie with the painting of St. Mary of Piekary Śląskie (17th century)

The town Piekary Śląskie was created in 1934 by joining the communes of Szarlej and Wielkie Piekary. In 1975, the administrative reform led to joining the nearby towns: Dąbrówka Wielka, Brzeziny Śląskie, Brzozowice, Kamień and Kozłowa Góra.

Between 1303 and 1318, the first church and independent parish were created there. In the 15th century, the zinc and lead mining industry developed and the process of settlement evolution begun.

In the 12th and 14th centuries, the Germanised Silesian dukes governed the town, but a short visit of the King Jan III Sobieski rushing to relief Vienna in 1683 cause that memory about the Polish origin livened among them. The next years brought several peasant revolts against the German magnates. In 1697, Augustus II the Strong visited Piekary. He converted himself into Catholic religion in the local church and at the same time he sworn the pacta conventa.

In the 18th, colonisation and Germanisation of Piekary Śląskie was increased. The result was a strong movement towards maintaining the Polish origins of the land. In 1842, Piekary's rector, priest Alojzy Ficek, commissioned a new neo-romanesque basilica designed by Daniel Grötschel. A painting of the Virgin Mary was placed there.

Districts[edit]

People[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]