Pierce, Idaho

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Pierce, Idaho
City
Location in Clearwater County and the state of Idaho
Location in Clearwater County and the state of Idaho
Coordinates: 46°29′33″N 115°47′58″W / 46.49250°N 115.79944°W / 46.49250; -115.79944Coordinates: 46°29′33″N 115°47′58″W / 46.49250°N 115.79944°W / 46.49250; -115.79944
Country United States
State Idaho
County Clearwater
Area[1]
 • Total 0.82 sq mi (2.12 km2)
 • Land 0.82 sq mi (2.12 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 3,094 ft (943 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 508
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 493
 • Density 619.5/sq mi (239.2/km2)
Time zone Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 83546
Area code(s) 208
FIPS code 16-62740
GNIS feature ID 0397030

Pierce is a city in Clearwater County, Idaho. The population was 508 at the 2010 census, down from 617 in 2000.[4]

History[edit]

The first discovery of gold in Idaho (then Washington Territory) was made by Elias D. Pierce and Wilbur F. Bassett on Orofino Creek (Canal Gulch) in October 1860, a mile (1.6 km) north of Pierce.[5][6]

Pierce was the first county seat for Shoshone County, which was established in January 1861 in Washington Territory and for a most of its first year included most of present-day Idaho and Wyoming.[7][8] The Pierce Courthouse, constructed in 1862, is Idaho's oldest public building.[9] Idaho Territory was established in 1863, and the county seat moved north to the Silver Valley in Murray in 1884 (and to Wallace in 1898). Present-day Clearwater County, formed in 1911, was part of Shoshone County until 1904, when it was annexed by Nez Perce County.

The Bald Mountain Ski Area is located 11 miles (18 km) northwest of Pierce.

Geography[edit]

Pierce is located at 46°29′33″N 115°47′58″W / 46.49250°N 115.79944°W / 46.49250; -115.79944 (46.492566, -115.799466),[10] at an elevation of 3,094 feet (943 m) above sea level. It is located on the Weippe Prairie, north of the Clearwater River canyon.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.82 square miles (2.12 km2), all of it land.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 850
1880 45 −94.7%
1890 238 428.9%
1900 281 18.1%
1910 220 −21.7%
1920 120 −45.5%
1930 400 233.3%
1940 381 −4.7%
1950 584 53.3%
1960 522 −10.6%
1970 1,218 133.3%
1980 1,060 −13.0%
1990 746 −29.6%
2000 617 −17.3%
2010 508 −17.7%
source:[4][11][12]

As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $34,318, and the median income for a family was $36,667. Males had a median income of $36,250 versus $24,375 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,980. About 14.7% of families and 18.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.4% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 508 people, 235 households, and 150 families residing in the city. The population density was 619.5 inhabitants per square mile (239.2 /km2). There were 296 housing units at an average density of 361.0 per square mile (139.4 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.3% White, 1.8% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 1.8% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.1% of the population.

There were 235 households of which 18.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.4% were married couples living together, 3.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 36.2% were non-families. 30.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.16 and the average family size was 2.67.

The median age in the city was 51 years. 16.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 4.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 15.9% were from 25 to 44; 39.8% were from 45 to 64; and 22.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 54.7% male and 45.3% female.

Population history[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-18. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-18. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-03. 
  4. ^ a b Spokesman-Review - 2010 census - Pierce, Idaho - accessed 2011-12-30
  5. ^ Miner Shanty.net - Pierce history - accessed 2011-12-30
  6. ^ "Pierce was location of first gold strike in Idaho in 1860". Lewiston Morning Tribune. October 6, 1955. p. 6-LCSE. 
  7. ^ "Idaho for the Curious", by Cort Conley, ©1982, ISBN 0-9603566-3-0, p.62-69
  8. ^ Idaho History.net - Pierce
  9. ^ Idaho History.net - reference series - 0946
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  11. ^ Moffatt, Riley. Population History of Western U.S. Cities & Towns, 1850-1990. Lanham: Scarecrow, 1996, 97.
  12. ^ "Subcounty population estimates: Idaho 2000-2007" (CSV). United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2009-03-18. Retrieved 2009-04-22. 
  13. ^ 1863 territorial census, Idaho Territory via Idaho State Historical Society, 1863. Accessed 2009-04-23.
  14. ^ 1864 territorial census, Idaho Territory via Idaho State Historical Society, 1864. Accessed 2009-04-23.

External links[edit]