Legnani was born on September 30, 1863, in Milan and originally studied with famous ballet dancer, Caterina Beretta, at La Scala where she developed her technical expertise. Her professional career took off when she appeared as prima ballerina in the Casati ballet, Salandra, at Alhambra Theatre in London. She was titled prima ballerina for La Scala in 1892, before moving to St Petersburg in 1892, where she reached fame dancing with the Tsar's Imperial Ballet at the Maryinsky Theatre until 1901.
Under the direction of famous ballet choreographer, Marious Petipa, Legnani originated numerous roles including, 'Cinderella' in 1893, 'Swan Lake' in 1895, 'Raymonda' in 1898, and 'Carmargo' in 1901. She was the first ballerina to introduce the 32 fouettés en tournant into the coda of the Grand Pas d'action of the ballet Cinderella.
The 32 turns on pointe is a bravura procedure emphasizing the strength and technique of the dancer. The 32 fouette turns were later choreographed into 'Swan Lake'and Black Swan solo in act 3, which are still used to this day. Legnani was one of only two ballet dancers appointed prima ballerina assoluta at the Mariinsky Theatre.
Ballets of Petipa featuring Pierina Legnani
The ballets of Marius Petipa that she danced were as follows:
- Cinderella from Petipa/Ivanov/Cecchetti (music by Fitingof-Shell, 1893), Legnani was the first to establish 32 fouettés en tournant.
- The Talisman (music by Riccardo Drigo, 1895 )
- La Perle (music by Drigo, 1896)
- Raymonda (music by Aleksandr Glazunov, 1898)
- Les ruses d’amour (music by Glazunov)
- Coppélia (version from Petipa/Cecchetti, music by Léo Delibes, 1896)
- The Cavalry Halt (music by Johann Armsheimer, 1896)
After retiring from the stage she lived in Italy and served on the examining board of La Scala Ballet School until 4 months before her death. She died on November 15, 1930.
- Mary Clarke and David Vaughan (eds) 1977. The Encyclopedia of Dance and Ballet. Pitmans, London. p209
- Wiley, Roland John (1997). The Life and Ballets of Lev Ivanov. New York City: Oxford University Press. p. 165. ISBN 0-19-816567-6.
- "The Performers". Balletalert.com. 1930-11-15. Retrieved 2013-05-08.
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Pierina Legnani (1863 – 1930) in Lev Ivanov's (1834-1901) revival of the choreographer Marius Petipa (1818-1910) and the composer Ludwig Minkus's (1826-1917) 1872 ballet La Camargo.