Pieris (butterfly)

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Pieris (Whites)
Pieris sp 3.jpg
Small White (Pieris rapae)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Pieridae
Subfamily: Pierinae
Tribe: Pierini
Genus: Pieris
Schrank, 1801
Species

See text

Synonyms
  • Mancipium Hübner, [1806]
  • Danaus Oken, 1815
  • Ganoris Dalman, 1816
  • Andropodum Hübner, 1822
  • Tachyptera Berge, 1842
  • Artogeia Verity, 1947
  • Talbotia Bernardi, 1958
Veined White (Pieris napi)

Pieris, the whites or garden whites, is a widespread genus of butterflies of the family Pieridae. Many species of this genus have caterpillars which feed on cabbage and other members of the Brassicaceae. The chemical basis of this association with a certain plant group has been studied for over 100 years, and is now known to occur via a number of biochemical adaptations to chemicals called glucosinolates in these plants. In contrast to most other insects, Pieris caterpillars are able to detoxify these chemicals, and have become so specialised that they will not eat any food without glucosinolates. The Pieris females, in turn, check for the presence of glucosinolates before laying eggs on a plant. The crop-damaging species have spread from Eurasia to most of the rest of the world and are considered pest insects almost everywhere.

The females of many Pieris butterflies are UV reflecting, while the male wings are strongly UV absorbing due to pigments in the scales.[citation needed]

Species and notable subspecies[edit]

Arranged alphabetically.[1][2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pieris, funet.fi
  2. ^ Pieris, BioLib.cz

Further reading[edit]

  • Glassberg, Jeffrey Butterflies through Binoculars, The West (2001)
  • Guppy, Crispin S. and Shepard, Jon H. Butterflies of British Columbia (2001)
  • James, David G. and Nunnallee, David Life Histories of Cascadia Butterflies (2011)
  • Pelham, Jonathan Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada (2008)
  • Pyle, Robert Michael The Butterflies of Cascadia (2002)

External links[edit]