Pierre-Étienne Flandin

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Pierre-Étienne Flandin
Pierre-Étienne Flandin 1914.jpg
110th Prime Minister of France
In office
8 November 1934 – 1 June 1935
Preceded by Gaston Doumergue
Succeeded by Fernand Bouisson
122nd Prime Minister of France
(as Vice-President of the Council)
Head of State and nominal Head of Government : Philippe Pétain
In office
13 December 1940 – 9 February 1941
Preceded by Pierre Laval
Succeeded by François Darlan
Personal details
Born 12 April 1889
Paris, France
Died 13 June 1958(1958-06-13) (aged 69)
Saint-Jean-Cap-Ferrat, France
Political party Democratic Republican Alliance

Pierre Étienne Flandin (French pronunciation: ​[pjɛʁ etjɛn flɑ̃dɛ̃]; 12 April 1889 – 13 June 1958) was a French conservative politician of the Third Republic, leader of the Democratic Republican Alliance (ARD), and Prime Minister of France from 8 November 1934 to 31 May 1935.[1][2]

He held a number of cabinet posts during the inter-war years. Under the premiership of Frédéric François-Marsal, he was, for just five days in 1924, Minister of Commerce. During the premierships of André Tardieu, he was Minister of Commerce and Industry during 1931 and 1932. Between these posts he served under Pierre Laval as Finance Minister. In the cabinet of Gaston Doumergue in 1934, he was Minister of Public Works; in November of the same year, he became Prime Minister – a position that lasted only until June 1935. However, during his term as Premier a number of important pacts were negotiated – the Franco–Italian Agreement, the Stresa Front and the Franco-soviet pact.[1]

He was the French Foreign Minister when Adolf Hitler reoccupied the Rhineland in 1936.[3]

In December 1940, Vichy Chief of State Philippe Pétain appointed him Foreign Minister and vice-premier on 13 December 1940 in replacement of Pierre Laval. He occupied this position for only two months.[4] He was ousted by François Darlan in January 1941.[5]

Flandin's Ministry, 8 November 1934 – 1 June 1935[edit]

Notes and sources[edit]

  1. ^ a b "M. Pierre Flandin – A Former Premier of France". The Times. 14 June 1958. 
  2. ^ "Alliance républicaine démocratique (ARD)". Quid.fr. 2008. Retrieved 13 May 2009. 
  3. ^ "Berlin Talks on Reconciliation – Mr Flandin's Statement". The Times. 7 March 1936. 
  4. ^ "Histoire des Chefs de Gouvernement". République Française – Portail du Gouvernement. 2009. Retrieved 15 May 2009. 
  5. ^ Dank, Milton (1974). The French against the French. London: Cassell. pp. 365 p. 338. ISBN 0-304-30037-3. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Louis Loucheur
Minister of Commerce, Industry, Posts, and Telegraphs
1924
Succeeded by
Eugène Raynaldy
Preceded by
Georges Bonnefous
Minister of Commerce and Industry
1929–1930
Succeeded by
Georges Bonnet
Preceded by
Georges Bonnet
Minister of Commerce and Industry
1930
Succeeded by
Louis Loucheur
Preceded by
Louis Germain-Martin
Minister of Finance
1931–1932
Succeeded by
Henry Chéron
Preceded by
Joseph Paganon
Minister of Public Works
1934
Succeeded by
Henry Roy
Preceded by
Gaston Doumergue
President of the Council
1934–1935
Succeeded by
Fernand Bouisson
Preceded by
Philippe Pétain
Minister without Portfolio
1935–1936
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Pierre Laval
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1936
Succeeded by
Yvon Delbos
Preceded by
Pierre Laval
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1940–1941
Succeeded by
François Darlan