Pierre-Jules Cavelier (Paris 30 August 1814 – 1894 Paris) was a French academic sculptor.
The son of a silversmith and furniture maker, Cavelier was born in Paris. He was a student of the sculptors David d'Angers and the painter Paul Delaroche, Cavelier won the Prix de Rome in 1842 with a plaster statue of Diomedes Entering the Palladium. The young sculptor lived at the Villa Medici from 1843–47.
Appointed in 1864 Professor at the École des beaux-arts, he trained many students there, including Édouard Lantéri, Hippolyte Lefèbvre, Louis-Ernest Barrias, Eugène Guillaume, the British Alfred Gilbert and the American George Grey Barnard, as well as conducting his own prolific career as a sculptor.
Cornélie, mère des Gracques
- Two caryatids, sketch group, terracotta, Paris, Musée du Louvre, 1854
- Paris on the exterior of the Gare du Nord, Paris
- Cornélie, Mother of Gracchi group, marble, Paris, Orsay Museum, 1861
- Angel on the bell tower, Saint-Germain l'Auxerrois, Paris
- Simone Hoog, Musée national de Versailles. Les sculptures. I. Le Musée, Réunion des musées nationaux, Paris, 1993
- Emmanuel Schwartz, Les Sculptures de l'École des Beaux-Arts de Paris. Histoire, doctrines, catalogue, École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts, Paris, 2003
- J. Le Fustec, "La statue de Montyon", Le Magasin pittoresque, 1894, p. 65-67