Pierre-Marc Johnson

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Pierre-Marc Johnson
GOQ MD LLB
24th Premier of Quebec
In office
October 3, 1985 – December 12, 1985
Monarch Elizabeth II
Lieutenant Governor Gilles Lamontagne
Preceded by René Lévesque
Succeeded by Robert Bourassa
Personal details
Born (1946-07-05) July 5, 1946 (age 68)
Montreal, Quebec
Political party Parti Québécois
Profession lawyer, physician

Pierre-Marc Johnson, GOQ, (born July 5, 1946 in Montreal, Quebec) is a Quebec lawyer, physician and politician. He was the 24th Premier of Quebec from October 3 to December 12, 1985,[1] making him the province's shortest-serving premier.

Early background[edit]

Born in Montreal, Quebec, on July 5, 1946, Johnson is of French-Canadian and Irish descent and is a Roman Catholic. He received a degree in law from the Université de Montréal in 1970 and a medical degree from the Université de Sherbrooke in 1976.

His father, Daniel Johnson, Sr., served as Premier of Quebec from 1966 to 1968. His brother, Daniel Johnson, Jr., served as Premier for nine months in 1994.

Each of the Johnsons led different political parties:

Member of the Cabinet[edit]

In 1976, Pierre-Marc Johnson successfully ran as the Parti Québécois candidate for the district of Anjou. Premier René Lévesque appointed him to the cabinet in 1977 and he was re-elected in 1981.

Johnson served as Minister of Labour from 1977 to 1980, Minister to Consumers, Cooperatives and Financial Institutions from 1980 to 1981, Minister of Social Affairs from 1981 to 1984 and Attorney General from 1984 to 1985.

Premier of Quebec[edit]

In the leadership election of 1985, Johnson was chosen, following PQ founder René Lévesque as leader of the party and, consequently, as Quebec Premier.

Johnson was generally considered to be soft on the sovereignty of Quebec issue. He put independence on the back burner, as Lévesque had begun to do under the so-called "Beau risque" approach and eventually made this approach the official constitutional policy of his party, calling it "National Affirmation".

Leader of the Official Opposition[edit]

He was re-elected to the legislature in 1985, but his party was defeated by the Liberals, led by Robert Bourassa.

His leadership was contested by more radical PQ supporters, such as Gérald Godin. In December 1987, he resigned as head of the party, Leader of the Opposition and member of the National Assembly. He was succeeded as head of the PQ by Jacques Parizeau, who again made independence a primary goal.

Life after leaving politics[edit]

Both a lawyer and a physician, he is a former Professor of Law at McGill University in Montreal and was Counsel at the firm of Heenan Blaikie LLP in Montreal, Quebec until 2014. He is now Counsel at the firm of Lavery, also in Montreal.[1] In 2001 he was appointed as chief advisor and negotiator of the Quebec government in the Softwood Lumber dispute between Canada and the United States by then Premier Bernard Landry.

In October 2006, he was chosen by the Charest government to preside over a public inquiry into the collapse of a viaduct over Autoroute 19 in Laval, Quebec, leaving five dead and six injured. The choice of Johnson was criticized by both leaders in opposition André Boisclair (PQ) and Mario Dumont (Action démocratique du Québec) because of the possibility of conflict of interest. As president, he was invested with the responsibility of investigating government administration while being a former Minister of the Quebec Government, a former Premier of Quebec, and, until shortly after this nomination, member of the board of directors of Ciment Saint-Laurent, a cement company.[2]

Johnson was appointed by the minority Conservative government to the Canadian delegation at the United Nations' Bali Conference on climate change. [2]

Attitude about sovereignty[edit]

Johnson refused to take a stance regarding the 1995 Quebec referendum on independence.

In December 2005 he made waves in sovereigntist circles by supporting Liberal candidate and close, longtime friend Raymond Bachand in a provincial by-election in the Outremont riding.[3]

Elections as party leader[edit]

Johnson lost in December 1985 election after becoming leader in October. Johnson became as opposition leader and stepped down as party leader in 1987 (with next election in 1989).

Select publications[edit]

  • Johnson, Pierre Marc & Karel Mayrand. "Beyond Trade: Broadening the Globalization Governance Agenda." Guiding Global Order: G8 Governance in the Twenty First Century. (Ashgate: Aldershot, 2000). Link to item

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "Biography". Dictionnaire des parlementaires du Québec de 1792 à nos jours (in French). National Assembly of Quebec. 
  2. ^ Une bisbille éclate à la commission Johnson, La Presse, July 17, 2007
  3. ^ Pierre Marc Johnson tourne le dos au PQ, Radio-Canada, November 25, 2005

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

National Assembly of Quebec
Preceded by
Yves Tardif (Liberal)
MNA, District of Anjou
1976–1987
Succeeded by
René Serge Larouche (Liberal)
Party political offices
Preceded by
René Lévesque
Leader of the Parti Québécois
1985-1987
Succeeded by
Jacques Parizeau
Government offices
Preceded by
René Lévesque (Parti Québécois)
Premier of Quebec
1985
Succeeded by
Robert Bourassa (Liberal)
Political offices
Preceded by
Robert Bourassa (Liberal)
Leader of the Opposition in Quebec
1985-1987
Succeeded by
Guy Chevrette (Parti Québécois)