Pierre Bergé

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Pierre Bergé
Pierre Bergé - septembre 2012 (2).jpg
Born (1930-11-14) 14 November 1930 (age 83)
Oléron, France
Nationality French
Occupation Businesspeople
Partner(s) Yves Saint Laurent

Pierre Bergé (French pronunciation: ​[pjɛːʁ bɛʁʒe]) (born 14 November 1930) is a French industrialist and patron. He is the co-founder of Yves Saint Laurent Couture House and onetime life partner and longtime business partner of the late fashion designer Yves Saint Laurent.[1]

Early life[edit]

Bergé was born in Oléron (Charente-Maritime). His mother Christiane was an amateur soprano and a progressive teacher, who used the Montessori method. His father worked for the tax office and was a great rugby enthusiast. Bergé attended the Lycée Eugène Fromentin in La Rochelle, and, later, went to Paris. On the day of his arrival, as he was walking on the Champs-Élysées, French poet Jacques Prévert landed on him following a fall from his apartment window.[2][3] During these early years in Paris, Bergé befriended the young French artist Bernard Buffet and was a great help in facilitating Buffet's success.[4][5]

Yves Saint Laurent[edit]

Bergé met Yves Saint Laurent in 1958. They became romantically involved and together launched Yves Saint Laurent Couture House in 1961. The couple split amicably in 1976 and remained lifelong friends and business partners.[6] Bergé acted as CEO of Yves Saint Laurent Haute Couture until it shuttered in 2002. Highly protective of and invested in the reputation and legacy of Saint Laurent Couture, Bergé was known as the "Dean of Yves Saint Laurent"[7] According to The New York Times,[8] a few days before Saint Laurent died in 2008, he and Bergé were joined in a same-sex civil union known as a Pacte civil de solidarité (PACS) in France. When Saint Laurent was diagnosed with brain cancer, he and the doctor mutually decided that it would be better for him to not know of his impending death. Bergé said, "I have the belief that Yves would not have been strong enough to accept that."[9]

In 1992, Bergé sold shares of the fashion house just before the company released a poor economic report. In 1996, this action was deemed to be insider trading and he was sentenced to a fine of one million Francs.[10] After the close of the Couture house, Bergé became president of the Pierre Bergé-Yves Saint Laurent Foundation.[11]

During Bergé's eulogy of Saint Laurent, he reflected on their lifetime of memories, saying;

"I remember your first collection under your name and the tears at the end. Then the years passed. Oh, how they passed quickly. The divorce was inevitable but the love never stopped."[1]

Philanthropic, cultural, and political interests[edit]

In 1987, Bergé launched the French magazine Globe, which supported the candidacy of François Mitterrand for the presidential election. Bergé participated in all the campaign rallies of François Mitterrand (contrary to 1981, when he did not vote for Mitterrand).[citation needed] Bergé later went on to serve as President of the association of the friends of Institut François-Mitterrand. In 1993, he helped to launch the magazine Globe Hebdo.

A longtime fan and patron of opera, Mitterrand appointed Bergé president of Opéra Bastille on 31 August 1988. He retired from the post in 1994, becoming honorary president of the Paris National Opera. He currently serves as president of the Médiathèque Musicale Mahler, a non-profit library with extensive collections relating to 19th and 20th century music.[4] He is also president of the Comité Jean Cocteau, and the exclusive owner of all the moral rights of all of Jean Cocteau's works.[12]

A supporter of gay rights, he supported the association against AIDS, Act Up-Paris, and assumed ownership of the magazine Têtu. He was also one of the shareholders of Pink TV, before withdrawing. In 1994, he participated with Line Renaud in the creation of the AIDS association Sidaction, and he became its president in 1996, a position he still holds. Sidaction is one of the main associations fighting AIDS in Europe.

Bergé's philanthropic patronages have included UNESCO. In July 1992, Bergé was appointed an UNESCO Goodwill Ambassador.[13]

In 2007, he supported the candidacy of Ségolène Royal.[citation needed] On a more general basis, he has been considered to be her sponsor. For example, after late 2008, when she was no longer heading the French socialist party and he was paying for the rental of her political office located between the French Senate and House of Representants until this arrangement ceased on March 3, 2011.[14]

The art collection of Yves Saint Laurent and Bergé was put up for sale by the latter in February 2009, with two of twelve bronze statue heads looted from the Old Summer Palace in China during the Second Opium War among them. When China requested the return of these statues, Bergé refused and declared “I am prepared to offer this bronze head to the Chinese straight away. All they have to do is to declare they are going to apply human rights, give the Tibetans back their freedom and agree to accept the Dalai Lama on their territory." Bergé's self-admitted "political blackmail" was received with criticism in China.[15] After Chinese collector Cai Mingchao placed the winning bid and refused to pay on "moral and patriotic grounds," Bergé decided to retain ownership of them.[16]

Bergé has also set up the museum of Berber art in Marrakesh,[17] Morocco, which holds a collection of Berber objects originating from many different part of Morocco, from the Rif to the Sahara.[18]

On November 2, 2010, he bought a stake in Le Monde newspaper, along with investors Matthieu Pigasse and Xavier Niel.

During the filming of Yves Saint Laurent, the Fondation Pierre Bergé — Yves Saint Laurent, which holds 7,000 vintage outfits from its archives, played an active role in providing authentic material and fashion of Saint Laurent.[19]

Recognition and Awards[edit]

Bergé has been recognized with the Order of Orange-Nassau, Officer of the Ordre National du Mérite, Commandeur des Arts et des Lettres, and Legion of Honor.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Snead, Elizabeth (June 5, 2008). "Pierre Bergé bids a tearful adieu to designer Yves Saint-Laurent". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2008-07-28. 
  2. ^ Fondation Pierre Bergé - Yves Saint Laurent | Secrets: 1948 A Poet on the Head. Fondation-pb-ysl.net. Retrieved on 27 April 2014.
  3. ^ Fatras - la succession Jacques Prévert | Biography: 1948 October 12th - Prévert falls from the window of the French Broadcasting (Radiodiffusion Française). He is taken to Marmottan hospital and will be several days in a coma. Jacquesprevert.fr. Retrieved on 27 April 2014.
  4. ^ a b Médiathèque Musicale Mahler – institution. Mediathequemahler.org. Retrieved on 2011-07-04.
  5. ^ a b Biography of Pierre Bergé – UNESCO Celebrity Advocates | UNESCO.org. Portal.unesco.org. Retrieved on 2011-07-04.
  6. ^ Cole, Shaun (2002). "Saint Laurent, Yves". glbtq.com. Retrieved 2007-08-25. 
  7. ^ Pierre Bergé loses out on joining the Immortals (Vogue.com UK). Vogue.co.uk (2008-05-30). Retrieved on 2011-07-04.
  8. ^ "New York Times". Nytimes.com. Retrieved 2013-12-05. 
  9. ^ PIERRE BERGÉ: “YVES DIED AT THE RIGHT TIME”; The Talks
  10. ^ Yves Saint Laurent Biography and profiles of fashion designers. Infomat.com. Retrieved on 2011-07-04.
  11. ^ Arts and Humanities – Record is not live. Intute (2002-10-31). Retrieved on 2011-07-04.
  12. ^ Committee. Jean Cocteau. Retrieved on 2011-07-04.
  13. ^ Pierre Bergé – UNESCO Celebrity Advocates | UNESCO.org. Portal.unesco.org (2000-06-07). Retrieved on 2011-07-04.
  14. ^ Le PS met Ségolène Royal au régime sec – Le Figaro, 23d January, 2009. Lefigaro.fr. Retrieved on 2011-07-04.
  15. ^ Political blackmail in disguised form – People's Daily Online. English.people.com.cn (2009-02-25). Retrieved on 2011-07-04.
  16. ^ McDonald, Mark; Vogel, Carol (2 March 2009). "Twist in Sale of Relics Has China Winking". The New York Times (New York City). 
  17. ^ "Pierre Bergé on His Relationship With Yves Saint Laurent - NYTimes.com". The New York Times (New York: NYTC). ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 13 September 2012. "Marrakesh" 
  18. ^ "Berber Museum". fondation-pb-ysl.net. Retrieved 13 September 2012. "Berber objects originating from regions of Morocco, from the Rif to the Sahara." 
  19. ^ Diderich, Joelle (10 January 2014). "Yves Saint Laurent Biopic Wins Pierre Bergé's Approval". WWD. Retrieved 10 January 2014.