Pierre Bertaux

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Pierre Bertaux (8 October 1907 in Lyon – 14 August 1986 in Saint-Cloud, Hauts-de-Seine) was a noted Resistant and French Germanist. While holding administrative positions, he also wrote on Friedrich Hölderlin. He participated in the French resistance (in Toulouse where he instaured Charles De Gaulle's authority during the liberation of France) and was, after the war, a high French police officer.

In 1968 he founded an Institute for Germanistics at the New Sorbonne in Asnières. In 1970 he received the Goethe-Medaille, and in 1975 the Heinrich-Heine-Preis of the city of Düsseldorf. He had three sons, two of whom have become renowned academics on their own right: Daniel Bertaux, Jean-Loup Bertaux


  • Hölderlin, Essai de biographie intérieure, Paris, Hachette, 1936
  • La mutation humaine, 1964
  • La libération de Toulouse et de sa région, éd. Hachette, 1973
  • Hölderlin ou le temps d'un poète, Paris, Gallimard, 1983
  • Mémoires interrompus par Pierre Bertaux, Hansgerd Schulte, Presses Sorbonne Nouvelle, 2000 ISBN 2-910212-14-9
  • Un normalien à Berlin, lettres 1927 1933
  • Friedrich Hölderlin. Frankfurt/Main 1981 und 2000
  • Hölderlin und die Französische Revolution. Frankfurt/Main 1969, Berlin 1990
  • Afrika. Von der Vorgeschichte bis zu den Staaten der Gegenwart. Frankfurt/M. 1966
  • Mutation der Menschheit - Diagnosen und Prognosen. Frankfurt/M. 1963

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