Pierre Bourque (politician)

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Mayor
Pierre Bourque
GOQ
VM94-1998-0159-12.jpg
40th Mayor of Montreal
In office
1994–2001
Preceded by Jean Doré
Succeeded by Gérald Tremblay
Constituency Marie-Victorin
Personal details
Born (1942-05-29) 29 May 1942 (age 71)
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Political party Vision Montreal
Other political
affiliations
Action démocratique du Québec (2003)
Profession Businessman

Pierre Bourque, CQ (born 29 May 1942) is a businessman and politician in Quebec, Canada. He founded the Vision Montreal political party and served as mayor of Montreal from 1994 to 2001.[1]

Background[edit]

He was director of the Montreal Botanical Gardens from 1980 to 1994.

Mayor of Montreal[edit]

Bourque was the mayor of Montreal, Quebec from 1994 to 2001 (as the leader of the Vision Montreal party).

Bourque proved eccentric and sometimes controversial as mayor. Known as a greenspace aficionado, he supported the creation of parks, implemented tree-planting initiatives, as well as creating Eco-Centres (reusable materials) and Eco-Quartier program (recycling). He was also responsible for the revitalization of many important districts of Montreal (Saint Catherine Street, Old Montreal and the Multimedia City) as well as the reopening of the Lachine Canal.

In 1998, responding to critics who denounced him for not fighting poverty, he spent the night with a working-class family. He was also well known for his close ties to minority "cultural communities". Bourque directed the city's public service to make an intercultural calendar for meeting scheduling.[2]

At one time, Bourque was a moderate supporter of the sovereigntist Parti Québécois. Bourque's successful attempt, with provincial support, at merging all of Montreal’s 28 municipalities into a megacity of 1.8 million people and 27 boroughs cost him the election in 2001. Although he gathered a majority of votes in what was until then the city of Montreal, protest votes against the very principle of the merger in the former suburbs ensured a solid victory to his rival Gérald Tremblay. Pierre Bourque still sat on the municipal council, taking his running mate Kettly Beauregard's spot.

Provincial politics[edit]

He subsequently attempted to enter provincial politics, running as an Action démocratique du Québec candidate in the 2003 Quebec election, but was defeated. Pierre Bourque finished third, behind then minister Diane Lemieux (Parti Québécois) and also behind the Liberal candidate. He then returned to municipal politics, but was unable to win re-election as mayor.

Leader of the Opposition[edit]

Bourque lost for a second time to incumbent-mayor Gérald Tremblay in his fight to regain control of city hall in the Montreal municipal elections held on 6 November 2005, this time by a 74,646 vote margin. The voter turnout was estimated at 39.13%, the lowest ever in the history of Montreal municipal elections. (See Quebec municipal elections, 2005).

On 3 May 2006, Bourque stepped down as Leader of the Opposition on Montreal's city council.

Retirement from public office[edit]

He currently runs a company called Constellation Monde Inc. which operates in China. Bourque wants to develop further economic links between the country and the province.[3]

Honours[edit]

Municipal election history[edit]

Montreal municipal elections, 2005
  Candidate Party Vote  %
  Gérald Tremblay (X) Montreal Island Citizens Union 227,208 53.9
  Pierre Bourque Vision Montreal 152,562 36.2
  Richard Bergeron Project Montreal 35,889 8.5
  Michel Bédard White Elephant Party of Montreal 5,966 1.4

References[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Kettly Beauregard
(Vision Montreal)
City Councillor, District of Marie-Victorin
2001-2006
Succeeded by
Carle Bernier-Genest
(Union Montreal)
Government offices
Preceded by
André Champagne
Director of the
Montreal Botanical Garden

1980-1993
Succeeded by
André Bouchard
as Interim director