||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2009)|
||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the French Wikipedia. (July 2009)|
Pierre Guillaume (born 1940) is a French political activist. He was the founder of the Paris book shop La Vieille Taupe in 1965 and later the negationist publishing house of the same name. A former member of Socialisme ou Barbarie, he moved to Pouvoir Ouvrier with Jean-François Lyotard and Pierre Souyri.
Guillaume's name is associated with La Vieille Taupe, which was an ultra left bookstore founded in 1965 and closed in 1972. The name was taken over by Guillaume, Serge Thion and Alain Guionnet in 1979 for the distribution of Holocaust denial books and the Amadeo Bordiga pamphlet, Auschwitz, or the great alibi.
From 1957 to 1959 he prepared for archery at the École spéciale militaire de Saint-Cyr at the Prytanée National Militaire, and became eligible, but changed his mind. He joined Socialisme ou Barbarie, without playing a "remarkable role" according to the account of Cornelius Castoriadis. He fought in the Algerian War. In 1965, with the help of Jacques Baynac, he opened La Vieille Taupe bookstore, which was linked to the group Pouvoir ouvrier, a French anti-Marxist group.
In September 1967, when his exclusion was imminent, Guillaume and Beynac left Pouvoir ouvrier, followed by most of the young members of the group. Then, La Vieille Taupe became the name of a small, informal group of people interested in studying the ultra left, Situationist International, and Rosa Luxemburg. The current bookstore named La Vieille Taupe in Paris sells books that are fundamental to these movements.
In 1980, Guillaume edited the Noam Chomsky essay Some Elementary Comments on the Rights of Freedom of Expression and the 1996 Roger Garaudy book The Founding Myths of Modern Israel..
- Histoire du négationnisme en France by Valérie Igounet, éditions du Seuil, 2000
|This French business–related biographical article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|
|This biography of a publisher is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|