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Pierre Guillaume (born 1941) is a French political activist. He was the founder of the Paris book shop La Vieille Taupe in 1965 and later the negationist publishing house of the same name. A former member of Socialisme ou Barbarie, he moved to Pouvoir Ouvrier with Jean-François Lyotard and Pierre Souyri.
Pierre Guillame's name is associated with La Vieille Taupe, which was an ultra left bookstore founded in 1965 and closed in 1972. The name was taken over by Guillame in 1979 for the distribution of Holocaust denial books.
From 1957 to 1959 he prepared for archery at the École spéciale militaire de Saint-Cyr at the Prytanée National Militaire, and became eligible, but changed his mind. He joined Socialisme ou Barbarie, without playing a "remarkable role" according to the account of Cornelius Castoriadis. He fought in the Algerian War. In 1965, with the help of Jacques Baynac, he opened the Vielle Taupe bookstore, which was linked to the group Pouvoir ouvrir, a French anti-Marxist group.
In September 1967, while his exclusion was imminent, Guillame and Beynac left Pouvoir ouvrier, followed by most of the young members of the group. Then, La Vieille Taupe became the name of a small, informal group of people interested in studying the ultra left, Situationist International, and Rosa Luxemburg. The Bookstore La Vieille Taupe sells books that are fundamental to these movements.
- Histoire du négationnisme en France by Valérie Igounet, éditions du Seuil, 2000
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